The Three Fundamental Priciples & The Four Basic Rules


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  • The Three Fundamental Priciples & The Four Basic Rules

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    In the Name of Allaah, Most Gracious, Most
    Merciful

     

     

    Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you, that we must learn four
    basic matters:

     

    First:
    Knowledge, which is to know Allaah, His Messenger (PBUH)
    and the religion of Islaam, with the supportive evidences.

     

    Second:
    Application of this knowledge.

     

    Third:
    Calling people to it.

     

    Fourth:
    Persevering patiently through any harm that might
    afflict you while calling others to it .

     

    The
    evidence for this is the saying of Allaah, which means: “By Al-`Asr [the time]. Verily, man is in loss,
    Except those who believe [in Islaamic Monotheism] and
    do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth [i.e., order
    one another to perform all kinds of good deeds which Allaah has ordained, and abstain
    from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allaah has forbidden], and recommend
    one another to patience [for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter
    in Allaah's Cause during preaching His religion of Islaamic Monotheism or Jihaad].”
    (Al-
    ‘Asr:1-3) Imaam
    Shaafi’i, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “If nothing
    else was revealed other than this chapter, it would have sufficed people.” Imaam Bukhaari, may Allaah have mercy
    upon him, said:
    “Knowledge
    comes before action, because Allaah says (that which means):So, know [O Muhammad] that Laa

    ilaaha illallaah [none
    has the right to be worshipped but Allaah], and ask forgiveness for your sin.’

    (Muhammad:19)
    So Allaah mentioned knowledge before speech and performance
    of deeds.”

     

    Know also that every Muslim should learn three
    matters and apply them:

     

    First: Allaah
    has created us and is sustaining us; He did not leave us unattended, rather, He
    sent us messengers. Whosoever obeys Allaah (by following His messengers) will be
    admitted into Paradise, and whosoever disobeys Him will be thrown into the
    Hellfire. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Verily,
    We have sent to you [O mankind] a Messenger [Muhammad] to be a witness over you,
    as We did send a Messenger [Moses] to Pharaoh. But Pharaoh
    disobeyed the Messenger [Moses]; so We seized him with
    a severe punishment.”
    (Al-
    Muzzammil:15-16)

     

    Second:
    Allaah is not pleased when partners are associated with Him in worship, neither angels who are near to Him, nor messengers who were sent to
    mankind. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And the
    mosques are for Allaah [Alone], so invoke not anyone along with Allaah.”
    (Al-Jinn:18)

     

    Third: Whosoever
    obeys the Messenger (PBUH), and singles out Allaah in worship must not show
    loyalty (nor have any love) towards those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger (PBUH),
    even if they were the closest of their relatives. The evidence is the saying of
    Allaah which means: “You [O Muhammad ] will not find any people who believe in
    Allaah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allaah and His
    Messenger [Muhammad ], even if they were their fathers or their sons or their
    brothers or their kindred [people]. For such He has written faith in their hearts,
    and strengthened them with Rooh [proofs, light and true
    guidance] from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens [Paradise
    ]
    under which rivers flow, to dwell therein [forever]. Allaah is pleased
    with them, and they with Him. They are the party of Allaah. Verily, it is the party
    of Allaah that will be the successful.”
    (Al-
    Mujaadilah:22)

     

    Know
    that the religion and the way of Prophet Ibraaheem (PBUH)
    is to purely worship Allaah alone, and this is the
    command from Allaah to all of mankind. It is for this reason Allaah created
    them, as He says that which means: “And I [Allaah] created not the jinn and mankind
    except that they should worship Me.”
    (Adh-
    Dhaariyaat : 56) To worship Me means ‘to single Me out in worship’. The greatest matter with
    which Allaah commanded the creation is to believe in His Unity, which entails offering
    all worship to Allaah alone (Tawheed); and the worst
    matter that Allaah prohibited is associating partners with Him in worship (Shirk).
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Worship Allaah and
    join none with Him [in worship].”
    (An-
    Nisaa’:36)

     

     

    The Three Fundamental Principles

     

    If
    you are asked regarding the three fundamental principles which every Muslim should
    know, you
    should reply: “That the slave knows his
    Lord, his religion (Islaam), and his Prophet, Muhammad (PBUH).”

     

     

     

     

    The First Fundamental Principle: The
    Knowledge of the Lord

     

    If
    you are asked, “Who is your Lord,” you should reply: “My Lord is Allaah, the One Who nurtured me and all that exists with His
    bounties. He is my deity; I have no deity other than him.” The evidence for this
    is the saying of Allaah which means: “All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, the Lord of the `Aalameen
    [mankind, jinn and all that exists].”
    (Al-Faatihah:2)
    All that exists except Allaah is the 'Aalam (singular
    of 'Aalameen), and I am one of the 'Aalameen.”

     

    If
    you are asked, “How have you come to know your Lord?” He should reply: “Through
    His Signs and creations, such as the day, the night, the sun the moon, the
    seven layers of sky and the seven layers of the earth as well as what they contain
    and what exists between them.” The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the
    moon. Prostrate yourselves not to the sun or to the moon, but prostrate yourselves
    to Allaah Who created them, if you [really]
    worship Him.” (Fussilat:37) He also said: “Indeed,
    your Lord is Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then
    He Istawaa [implies, rose over] the Throne [in a manner
    that befits His Majesty]. He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it
    rapidly, and [He created] the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His
    Command. Surely, His is the creation and commandment. Blessed is Allaah, the Lord
    of the `Aalameen.”
    (Al-A’raaf:54)

     

    The
    word Lord means: ‘The One who is worshipped.”
    The
    evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “O mankind! Worship your Lord [Allaah], Who created you and those who were before you so that you may
    become the pious. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky
    as a canopy, and sent down water [rain] from the sky and brought forth therewith
    fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allaah [in
    worship] while you know [that He Alone has the right to be worshipped].”
    (Al-

    Baqarah:21-22)
    Imaam ibn Katheer, may Allaah have
    mercy upon him, said: “The One Who created these creations
    is the One Who has the right to be
    worshipped.”

     

    All
    acts of worship which Allaah commanded people to perform should be purely,
    sincerely and exclusively for Allaah. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah
    which means: “And the mosques are for Allaah [alone], so invoke not anyone
    along with Allaah.”
    (Al-Jinn: 18)

     

    Intending
    the performance of any of these acts for other than Allaah is an act of disbelief
    and association. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And
    whoever invokes [or worships] besides Allaah, any other ilaah
    [god], of whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely,
    Al-
    Kaafiroon [the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah,
    polytheists, pagans, idolaters] will not be successful.”
    (Al-Mu’minoon:117)
    He and also: “And your Lord said: ‘Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islaamic Monotheism) and ask Me for
    anything], I will respond to your [invocation]. Verily, those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not believe Islaamic
    Monotheism] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!’”
    (Ghaafir:60)

     

    The
    Prophet (PBUH) said: “Invocation is …worship [of Allaah].”

     

    There
    are many conditions that Allaah commanded people to fulfill, such as:

     

    Fear:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “So fear them
    not, but fear Me, if you are [true] believers.”
    (Aali ‘Imraan:175)

     

    Hope:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “So whoever hopes
    for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work
    righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”
    (Al-Kahf:110)

     

    Reliance:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And put your trust
    in Allaah if you are believers indeed.”
    (Al-Maa’idah:23)

     

    Humbleness:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “They used to hasten
    on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with
    hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us.”
    (Al-
    Anbiyaa':90)

     

    Repentance:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And turn in repentance
    and in obedience with true Faith [Islaamic Monotheism]
    to your Lord and submit to Him [in Islaam].”
    (Az-
    Zumar:54)

     

    Seeking
    help: The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “You
    [Alone] we worship, and You [Alone] we ask for help
    [for each and everything].”
    (Al-
    Faatihah:5) The Prophet (PBUH) said: “If you seek help, seek it
    from Allaah alone.”

     

    Taking
    refuge: The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Say: I
    seek refuge with [Allaah] the Lord of mankind.”
    (An-Naas:1)

     

    Calling
    for assistance: The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “[Remember]
    when you sought help of your Lord and He answered.”
    (Al-
    Anfaal:9)

     

    Slaughtering:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Say [O Muhammad]:
    Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the
    Lord of the `Aalameen. He has no partner. And of this
    I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.”
    (Al-An’aam:163-164)
    The Prophet (PBUH)
    said: “May Allaah curse whosoever
    slaughters for other than Allaah.”
    (Muslim)

     

    Vowing:
    The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “They [are those
    who] fulfill [their] vows, and fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.”

    (Al-
    Insaan:7)

     

     

     

    The Second Fundamental Principle: The
    Knowledge of the Religion of Islam with its supportive evidences

     

    Islaam
    is full submission to the oneness of Allaah, obedience, and disavowing shirk (associating
    partners with Allaah in worship), and those who commit it. It has three levels:
    Islaam, Eemaan and Ihsaan, and
    each level has its own pillars .

     

    The
    first level: Islaam.
    Islaam has five pillars: The two testimonies
    (that Allaah is the only One worthy of being worshipped, and that Muhammad (PBUH)
    is His Messenger), establishing the five daily prayers, paying the obligatory charity
    (zakaah), fasting the month of Ramadaan,
    and performing pilgrimage to the sacred house of Allaah (Ka’bah).
    The evidence for the testimony of the oneness of Allaah is the saying of Allaah
    which means: “Allaah proclaims that none has the right to be worshipped but He,
    and the angels, and those having knowledge [also give this witness]; [He always]
    maintains His creation in justice. None has the right to
    be worshipped but He, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
    (Aali ‘Imraan:18) The meaning of this is: ‘nothing is worthy of being worshipped
    except Allaah’, which negates the right of everything else being worshipped besides
    Allaah. The words ‘except Allaah’ confirm that worship is only for Allaah, as
    He has no partners in His kingdom .

     

    The
    proof of this is in the saying of Allaah which means: “And [remember] when Ibraaheem said to his father and his people: Verily, I am
    innocent of what you worship, Except Him [i.e. I worship none but Allaah Alone]
    Who did create me; and verily, He will guide me .

     

    And
    he made it [i.e. Laa ilaaha
    illallaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah
    Alone)] a Word lasting among his offspring, [True Monotheism], that they may turn
    back [i.e. to repent to Allaah or receive admonition].”
    (Az-Zukhruf:26-28) He also said : “Say [O Muhammad]: O people of the
    Scripture [Jews and Christians]: Come to a word that is just between us and you,
    that we worship none but Allaah [Alone], and that we associate no partners with
    Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah. Then, if
    they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims.”
    (Aali ‘Imraan:64)

     

    The
    evidence for the testimony to the message of Muhammad (PBUH) is the saying of Allaah
    which means:
    “Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger
    [Muhammad ] from amongst yourselves [i.e. whom you know
    well]. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He [Muhammad]
    is anxious over you [to be rightly guided, to repent to Allaah, and beg Him to pardon
    and forgive your sins in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the
    punishment of the Hellfire]; for the believers [he is] full of pity, kind, and
    merciful.”
    (At-Tawbah:128)

    The implication of the testimony
    of the message of Muhammad (PBUH), is that one obeys him (PBUH) in all that he ordered,
    believes him in all that he informed, refrains
    from
    all that which he prohibited, and that Allaah is not to worshipped except
    through what he (PBUH) legislated (i.e., what he conveyed) .

     

    The
    evidence for prayer and the zakaah and the interpretation
    of Tawheed is the saying of Allaah which means: “And
    they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but
    Him Alone [abstaining from ascribing partners to Him], and perform prayers and
    give zakaah, and that is the right religion.”
    (Al-Bayyinah:5)

     

    The
    evidence for fasting is the saying of Allaah which means: “O you who believe!
    Observing the fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those
    before you, that you may become pious.”
    (Al-Baqarah:183)

     

    The
    evidence for Hajj is the saying of Allaah which means: “And Hajj to the
    House [Ka`bah] is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah,
    those who can afford the expenses [i.e., conveyance, provision and residence]; and
    whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj, then he is a disbeliever of Allaah],
    then Allaah stands not in need of any of Al-`Aalameen.”
    (Aali ‘Imraan:97)

     

    The
    second level: Eemaan.
    This
    rank has more than seventy levels, the highest of which is to utter the two testimonies,
    and the lowest being the removal of harmful objects from the paths of people;
    and bashfulness is one of its branches .

     

    This
    rank has six pillars: believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His
    Messengers, The Hereafter, divine decree and pre-ordainment, both its good and
    its evil .

     

    The
    evidence for the six pillars of belief is the saying of Allaah which means: “It
    is not Al-Birr [piety, righteousness, and every act of obedience to Allaah] that
    you turn your faces towards east and [or] west [in prayers]; but Al-Birr is [The
    quality of] the one who believes in Allaah, the Last Day, the Angels, the
    Books, and the Prophets.”
    (Al-Baqrah:177)

     

    The
    evidence for the Divine Decree is the saying of Allaah which means: “Verily,
    We have created all things with Qadar [Divine
    Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the preserved template].”
    (Al-Qamar:49)

     

    The
    third level: Ihsaan.
    This
    rank has only one pillar, which is worshipping Allaah as though you see Him,
    and while you don’t see Him, truly He sees you .

     

    The
    evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Truly, Allaah is
    with those who fear Him [keep their duty unto Him], and those who are Muhsinoon.”
    (An-Nahl:128) He also
    said: “Neither you [O
    Muhammad] do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur'aan, nor you [O mankind] do any deed [good or evil],
    but We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from
    your Lord [so much as] the weight of an atom [or small ant] on the earth or in
    the heaven. Nor what is less than that or what is greater than that but is [written]
    in a Clear Record.”
    (Yoonus:61)

     

    The
    evidence from the Sunnah is the famous narration about
    Jibreel. On the authority of ‘Umar
    (PBUH) who said: “One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allaah (PBUH)
    there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose
    hair was exceedingly black; no signs of travel were to be seen on him and none of
    us knew him. He walked up and sat down by the Prophet (PBUH), resting his knees
    against his and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs, he said: ‘O Muhammad!
    Inform me about Islaam.’ The Messenger of Allaah (PBUH) replied: ‘Islaam is
    to testify that there is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allaah,
    to perform the prayers, to pay the Zakaah, to fast in
    Ramadaan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you
    are able to do so.’
    He said: ‘You have spoken correctly,’ and we were amazed
    at him asking him and saying that he had spoken correctly. He said: ‘Then
    inform me about Eemaan.’ He (PBUH) replied: ‘It is
    to believe in Allaah, His angels, His books, His
    messengers,
    and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny, both the good and the evil thereof.’
    He
    said:
    ‘You have spoken correctly.’ He said:
    ‘Then tell me about Ihsaan.’ He (PBUH) replied: ‘It
    is to worship Allaah
    as though you are seeing Him, and while you don’t see Him, yet truly He
    sees you.’
    He said:
    ‘Then tell me about the Hour.’ He (PBUH) replied: ‘The one questioned about
    it knows no better than the questioner.’
    He said: ‘Then tell me about its
    signs.’ He (PBUH) replied : ‘That the slave-girl
    will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted, naked, destitute
    herdsman competing in constructing lofty buildings.’
    Then he took off and I
    stayed for some time. After that the Prophet (PBUH) said: ‘O ‘Umar! Do you know who the questioner was?’ I replied: ‘Allaah
    and His messenger know best.’ He (PBUH)
    said: ‘He was Jibreel (Gabriel),
    who came to you to teach you your religion.’ ”
    (Muslim)

     

    The Third Fundamental Principle: The
    Knowledge
    of your Prophet, Muhammad (PBUH)

     

    He
    is Muhammad ibnAbdullaah ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib ibn Haashim; Haashim
    is a tribe from Quraysh, Quraysh
    is from the tribes of the Arabs, Arabs are descendents
    of Prophet Ismaa’eel, the son of Prophet Ibraaheem, peace
    be upon them both .

     

    Prophet
    Muhammad (PBUH) lived for sixty-three years, forty of which were before prophethood, and twenty-
    three as a
    Prophet and Messenger. He was informed that he became a prophet with the verse which
    means “Read!...(Al-‘Alaq:1)
    and that he became a messenger with the verse which means: “O you [Muhammad]

    enveloped in garments! Arise
    and warn!”
    (Al-
    Muddaththir:1-2)

     

    His
    home town was Makkah; and Allaah sent him to warn
    people against shirk and call them towards Islaamic
    monotheism. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah
    which means: “O you [Muhammad] enveloped in garments! Arise and warn! And magnify
    your Lord [Allaah]! And purify your garments! And keep away from rujz [the idols]! And give not a thing in order to have more
    [or consider not your deeds of obedience to Allaah as a favour
    to Him]. And be patient for the sake of your Lord [i.e., perform your duty to Allaah]!”
    (Al-
    Muddaththir:1-7)

     

    The
    meaning of ‘warn’ is against shirk and ‘call’ is towards monotheism (Tawheed); ‘Magnify your Lord’ means to glorify Him by believing
    in His oneness; ‘Purify your garments’ means purify your deeds from shirk. He (PBUH)
    spent ten years calling people to this, and after these ten years the five daily
    prayers were made obligatory. He only prayed in Makkah
    for three years (the remaining period of his residence in Makkah),
    and after that he (PBUH) was commanded to migrate to Madeenah .

     

    Hijrah (migration) is to move from
    the land of infidelity to the land of Islaam. It is compulsory upon all Muslims,
    and will remain as an obligation until the Day of Resurrection. The evidence for
    this is the saying of Allaah which means: “O My slaves
    who believe! Certainly, spacious is My earth.
    Therefore worship Me. [Alone].”
    (Al-‘Ankaboot:56) Imaam Al-Baghawi, may Allaah have
    mercy upon him, said: “This verse was revealed for the Muslims who remained in Makkah and did not migrate.”

     

    The
    evidence for Hijrah is the saying of the Prophet (PBUH):
    Hijrah will never stop until repentance stops,
    and repentance will never stop until the sun rises from the west (the
    Hereafter).”
    (Ahmad)

     

    When
    the Prophet (PBUH) settled in Madeenah, he conveyed
    the commands of zakaah, hajj, fasting, jihaad, adhaan, enjoining good
    and forbidding evil, and all other Islaamic rituals. He
    spent ten years doing this, then he (PBUH) died, but his religion, Islaam, remains .

     

    There
    is no good except that he has guided the Muslim nation to it; and there is no evil
    except that he has warned the Muslim nation against it. The best of the goodness
    to which he guided them to was Tawheed (Islaamic monotheism), and the worse evil he warned them
    against was shirk .

     

    Allaah
    has sent him (PBUH) to all mankind and made obeying him mandatory for all jinn and
    mankind. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means:
    “Say [O Muhammad]: O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all
    as the Messenger of Allaah to Whom belongs the dominion
    of the heavens and the earth.”
    (Al- A’raaf:158)
    With him (PBUH), Allaah perfected the religion, the
    evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means:
    “This day, I have perfected your religion
    for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen
    for you Islaam as your religion.”
    (Al-Maa’idah:3)

     

    The
    evidence of his death (PBUH), is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “Verily, you [O Muhammad] will die, and verily, they [too] will die. Then,
    on the Day of Resurrection, you will be disputing before your Lord.”
    (Az-Zumar:30-31) People will be resurrected after death, the evidence
    for which is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “Thereof
    [the earth] We created you, and into it We shall
    return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again.”
    (Taa Haa:55) After resurrection they
    will be held to account, the evidence being the saying of Allaah which means:
    “And to Allaah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth,
    that He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done [i.e.
    punish them in Hell], and reward those who do good, with what is best [i.e.
    Paradise].”
    (An-Najm:31)

     

    The
    one who disbelieves in resurrection is a disbeliever, the evidence for this being
    the saying of Allaah which means: “The disbelievers pretend that they will never
    be resurrected [for the Account]. Say [O Muhammad]: Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly
    be resurrected, then you will be informed of [and recompensed for] what you did;
    and that is easy for Allaah.”
    (At-Taghaabun:7)

     

    Allaah
    has sent messengers to warn and convey glad tidings, the evidence for this is the
    saying of Allaah which means: “Messengers as bearers of good news as well as
    of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allaah after the [coming
    of]
    Messengers.” (An-Nisaa’:165) The first of all
    messengers was Nooh (PBUH) and the final messenger was Muhammad (PBUH), with
    whom Allaah sealed all messengers and prophets. The evidence that Nooh (PBUH) was the first messenger is the saying of Allaah
    which means: “Verily, We have sent the Revelation to you [O Muhammad] as We sent the Revelation to Nooh
    [Noah]
    and the
    Prophets after him.”
    (An-Nisaa’:163)

     

    Every
    nation to whom Allaah sent messengers from the time of Nooh
    (PBUH) until Muhammad (PBUH) was commanded to worship Allaah alone; the evidence
    for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And verily, We have sent among
    every nation a Messenger [proclaiming]: Worship Allaah [Alone], and avoid [or keep
    away from] Taaghoot [all false deities besides Allaah].”
    (An-Nahl:36)

     

    Allaah
    commanded all people to disbelieve in Taaghoot, and to
    believe in Allaah alone. Taaghoot are many, but the main
    heads are five: Satan, anyone who accepts being worshipped besides Allaah, anyone
    who calls people to worship other than Allaah, anyone who claims the knowledge
    of anything from the unknown, and anyone who seeks judgment from other than Allaah
    and His Messenger (PBUH). The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “And verily, We have sent among every nation
    a Messenger [proclaiming]: Worship Allaah [Alone], and avoid [or keep away from]
    Taaghoot, [i.e. do not worship anything besides
    Allaah].”
    (Al-Baqarah:256)

     

    The Four Basic Rules

     

    Know
    that Allaah has created you to worship Him alone, and that worship is only accepted
    when accompanied with pure Islaamic monotheism, just as
    prayer is not considered as valid except when ablution is performed prior to it.
    Therefore, if shirk becomes a part of any worship it invalidates it, just like passing
    wind invalidates ablution .

     

    If
    shirk remains part of the slave’s worship, all his deeds will be rejected and
    he will be amongst the eternal dwellers of Hell. You must know what rescues you
    from the trap of shirk regarding which Allaah says that which means: “Allaah
    forgives not that partners should be set up with Him [in worship], but He forgives
    except that [anything else] to whom He wills.”
    (An-Nisaa’:48)
    You can know this by knowing the following four basic rules:

     

     

    The
    first rule
    is to know that the infidels against whom
    the Prophet (PBUH) fought believed that Allaah is the Creator and the Administrator
    [of all the affairs of the universe], yet this belief in itself did not make them
    Muslims. The evidence for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “Who provides
    for you from the sky and the earth or who owns hearing and sight. And who brings
    out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living. And who disposes
    the affairs. They will say: ’Allaah.’ Say: ‘Will you not then be afraid of Allaah's punishment [for setting up rivals in worship with
    Allaah]?’ ”
    (Yoonus:31)

     

    The
    second rule
    is to know that the infidels [at the time
    of the Prophet (PBUH)] would say that they worshipped idols only so that they
    would bring them closer to Allaah
    and intercede
    for them with Him; the evidence for this being the saying of Allaah which means:
    “Surely, the religion [i.e. the worship and the obedience] is for Allaah only. And
    those who take Awliyaa' [protectors, helpers, lords, gods]
    besides Him [say]: We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allaah.
    Verily, Allaah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ.
    Truly, Allaah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.”
    (Az-Zumar:3)

     

    The
    evidence that they used the excuse of intercession with Allaah is His saying
    which means: “And they worship besides Allaah things that harm them not, nor
    profit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah.”
    (Yoonus:18) There are two types of intercession, one of which is impossible-
    one which is sought from other than Allaah (e.g. either from the dead or in the
    Hereafter without the permission of Allaah)
    whereas in
    fact only Allaah can fulfill this. The evidence for this is the saying of
    Allaah which means: “O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will
    be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who
    are the wrongdoers.”
    (Al-
    Baqarah:254) The second type is intercession which
    is sought from Allaah- the interceding person is honored by being granted the
    chance to intercede, and the interceded for is the one from whom Allaah accepts
    words and actions following His permission- as He says that which means: “Who
    is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?”
    (Al-Baqarah:255)

     

    The
    third rule
    is to know that the Prophet (PBUH) was raised
    amongst people who were worshipping different things: some worshipped the angels,
    others worshipped prophets and the righteous, others worshipped the sun, moon,
    stars, trees and so on The Prophet (PBUH) fought them all and did not make any
    distinction between them due to the differences in what they worshipped. The evidence
    for this is the saying of Allaah which means: “And fight them until there is
    no more Fitnah [i.e. worshipping others besides
    Allaah] and the religion [worship] will all be for Allaah Alone [throughout the
    world].”
    (Al-
    Anfaal:39)

     

    The
    evidence for (false worship of) the sun and the moon is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and
    the moon. Prostrate yourselves not to the sun nor to the
    moon, but prostrate yourselves to Allaah Who created them, if you [really] worship
    Him.”
    (Fussilat:37)

     

    The
    evidence for (false worship of) the angels, is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords [gods].”
    (Aali
    ‘Imraan:80) The
    evidence for (false worship of) the prophets is the saying of Allaah which means:
    “And [remember] when Allaah will say [on the Day of Resurrection]: “O `Eesaa
    [Jesus], son of Maryam [Mary]! Did you say
    unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allaah?’ He will say: ‘Glory
    be to You! It was not for
    me to say what I had no right [to
    say]. Had I said such a thing, You would surely have
    known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours; truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that
    is hidden [and unseen].’ ”
    (Al-Maa’idah:116)

     

    The
    evidence for the (false worship of) righteous people is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “Those whom they call upon [like `Eesaa (Jesus)
    - son of Maryam (Mary), `Uzair
    (Ezra), angel and others] desire [for themselves] means of access to their Lord
    [Allaah], as to which of them should be the nearest; and they [`Eesaa (Jesus), `Uzair (Ezra),
    angels and others] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment.”
    (Al-Israa':57)

     

    The
    evidence for the (false worship of) trees and rocks is the saying of Allaah which
    means: “Have you then considered [the example of] Al-Laat
    and Al-`Uzzaa and Manaat, the
    other third? [idols falsely worshipped by
    the pagan Arabs].” (An-Najm: 19 -20)

     

    The
    fourth rule:
    Is to know that the infidels in our time are
    worse than those in the earlier times because the earlier ones used to purely and
    sincerely seek the help from Allaah during adversities, and associate with Him during
    times of prosperity; However, today’s infidels associate with Allaah in worship
    during times of adversity as well as times of prosperity. The evidence for this
    is the saying of Allaah which means: “And when they embark on a ship, they
    invoke Allaah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely
    to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others.”
    (Al-‘Ankaboot:65)

     

     

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