Chronology of Islam


  • bookcover

  • Chronology of Islam


  • 11th Century (1000-1099) C.E.

    1001: Mahmud Ghazanavi defeats the Hindu Shahis.
    1004: Mahmud captures Bhatiya.
    1005: Mahmud captures Multan and Ghur.
    1008: Mahmud defeats the Rajput confederacy.
    1010: Abdication of Hisham II in Spain. accession of Muhammad.
    1011: In Spain Muhammad is overthrown by Sulaiman.
    1012: In Spain power is captured by Bani Hamud. Death of the Buwayhid Baha ud Daula, accession of Sultan ud Daula.
    1016: Death of the Zirrid ruler Nasir ud Daula Badis; accession of Al Muizz.
    1018: In Spain power is captured by Abdul Rahman IV.
    1019: Conquest of the Punjab by Mahmud Ghazanavi.
    1020: The Buwayhid Sultan ud Daula is Overthrown by Musharaf ud Daula, Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim, accession of Al Zahir.
    1024: In Spain assassination of Abdul Rahman IV, accession of Mustafi.
    1025: Death of the Buwayhid Mushgraf ud Daula, accession of Jalal ud Daula.
    1029: In Spain death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III.
    1030: Death of Mahmud Ghazanavi.
    1031: In Spain deposition of Hisharn III, and end of the Umayyad rule. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qadir, accession of Al Qaim.
    1036: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Zahir, accession of Mustansir. Tughril Beg is crowned as the king of the Seljuks.
    1040: Battle of Dandanqan, the Seljuks defeat the Ghazanavids. Deposition of Masud the Ghazanavid Sultan, accession of Muhammad. Al Moravids come to power in North Africa.
    1041: The Ghazanavid Sultan Muhammad is overthrown by Maudud.
    1044: Death of the Buwayhid Jalal ud Daula, accession of Abu Kalijar.
    1046: Basasiri captures power in Baghdad.
    1047: The Zirids in North Africa repudiate allegiance to the Fatimid and transfer allegiance to-the Abbasids.
    1048: Death of the Buwayhid Abu Kalijar, accession of Malik ur Rahim.
    1050: Yusuf b Tashfin comes to power .in the Maghrib.
    1055: Tughril Beg overthrows the Buwayhids.
    1057: Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al Qaim and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph.
    1059: Tughril Beg recaptures power in Baghdad, al Qaim is restored as the Caliph.
    1060: Ibrahim becomes the Sultan of Ghazni. Yusuf b Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh. The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie.
    1062: Death of the Zirid ruler Al Muizz, accession of Tamin.
    1063: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg; accession of Alp Arsalan.
    1071: Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor taken captive by the Seljuks.
    1073: Death of Alp Arsalan, accession of Malik Shah.
    1077: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qaim, accession of Al Muqtadi.
    1082: The A1 Moravids conquer Algeria.
    1086: Battle of Zallakha. The Al Moravids defeat the Christians in Spain. Death of the Rum Sejuk Sultan Sulaiman, accession of Kilij Arsalan.
    1091: The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule.
    1092: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, accession of Mahmud.
    1094: Death of Mahmud; accession of Barkiaruk. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Muqtadi, accession of Mustahzir.
    1095: The first crusade.
    1099: The crusaders capture Jerusalem.
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