Chronology of Islam


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  • Chronology of Islam


  • 9th Century (800-899) C.E.

    800: The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.
    803: Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki.
    805: Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress.
    809: Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin.
    814: Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph.
    815: Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs.
    816: Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica.
    817: Harsama killed.
    818: The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia.
    819: Mamun comes to Baghdad.
    820: Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan.
    822: Death of Al Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II.
    823: Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir.
    827: Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion.
    833: Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim.
    836: Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra.
    837: Revolt of the Jats.
    838: Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed.
    839: Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily.
    842: Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq.
    843: Revolts of the Arabs.
    847: Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil.
    850: Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy.
    849: Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II.
    852: Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I.
    856: Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind.
    858: Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya.
    860: Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana.
    861: Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir.
    862: Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin.
    864: Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid.
    866: Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz.
    867: Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan.
    868: Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt.
    869: The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.
    870: Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid.
    873: Tahirid rule extinguished.
    874: Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.
    877: Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth.
    885: Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah.
    866: Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah b Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind.
    888: Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah.
    891: The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain.
    892: Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail.
    894: The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain.
    896: Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish.
    897: Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun.
    898: Qarmatians sack Basra.
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