Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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  • Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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    Adhaan
    (Call To Prayer)

               
    The "Adhaan"`
    is a
    call to inform others in specific words that the time for a particular
    prayer has begun. It is a call to the congregation and is an expression
    of the Islamic practice. It is required as an act for all the
    Obligatory Prayers.


    The Virtues of Adhaan

               
    The greatness of the virtue which Islam attaches to the "Adhaan" and
    the one who performs it i.e. the "Muadhin", can be noted from the
    following verse of the Holy Qur'an:“ Who is better in speech than
    one who calls (the people) to allah and works righteousness”

    (Qur'an 41:33).

                The
    mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) confirmed
    that this verse concerns and refers to the Muadhin and was revealed on
    no other reason than for the Muadhin.

                And,
    from the prophetic traditions, Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet
    (peace be upon him), said:“ If the people knew the reward in the
    Adhaan and the first row of  the prayer and that they could not
    get it (the
    reward) save by drawing lots, they would draw lots”
    (Narrated by
    Imam Bukhari).

                And,
    in another saying the Prophet (peace be upon him), said:“ The
    Muadhins
    will on the Day of Judgement have the longest necks (reflecting their
    exclusive eminence)”
    (Reported by Imam Muslim).


    How the Adhaan is performed

               
    Preferably, there should be an appointed Muadhin at each Mosque who
    will call the people to prayer when the time of a particular prayer is
    due. In performing the Adhaan, the Muadhin would stand facing the
    direction of the "Qiblah" (the sacred mosque in Makkah). He would then
    raise both hands up to his ears and say in a loud voice the following
    words:

    1. ALLAHU AKBAR - Allah is the greatest (to be repeated 4
      times).
    2. ASH-HADU ANLA ILAHA ILLALLAAH - I testify that there is no
      god but Allah. (to be repeated 2 times).
    3. ASH-HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN RASUULULLAAH - I testify that
      Muhammad is Allah's messenger. (to be repeated 2 times).
    4. HAYYAA LAS SALAAT - Come fast to prayer. (to be repeated 2
      times). The Muadhin, when reciting this turns the face slightly to the
      right side.
    5. HAYYAA LAL FALAAH - Come fast to success. (to be repeated 2
      times). The Muadhin, when reciting this turns the face slightly to the
      left side.
    6. ALLAHU AKBAR -Allah is the greatest. (to be repeated 2
      times).
    7. LAA ILAHA ILLALLAAH - There is no god but Allah. (to be
      recited once).

    Note 1: In the Adhaan ,for the Fajr (Dawn) prayer, the
    following words are recited twice after Hayya'alal Falaah: ASSALATU
    KHEIRUM MINA NAWM , (to be recited two times) which means - "
    Salaat is better than sleep ".

    Note 2: Listen to ADHAAN from MAKKAH.


    What Someone Supplicates Upon Hearing the Adhaan

               
    It is preferred practice that when a person hears the Adhaan, he should
    repeat the words the Muadhin calls out, except, when he says "Haaya
    alal Salaat and Hayya alal Falaah", the listener should instead say: LA
    HOWLA WALA QUWATA ILA BILLAH which means, "There is no power and
    strength
    except by Allah".


    The Supplication after the Adhaan

               
    Upon the completion of the Adhaan, it is recommended that the listener
    recite the following supplication: ALLAHUMMA RABBA HADHIHID DA'WATI -
    TAMMAH, WASALATIL QA'IMAH, ATI MUHAMMADAN AL WASILATA WAL FADHILATA, -
    WAAB'ATHUHU MAQAMUM MAH- MUDAN-ALLADHII WAAD TAHU. which means: "O
    Allah, Lord of this complete call and of the prayer to be held, grant
    Muhammad the most favored and excellent position in the Paradise and
    raise him to the praise worthy place that You have promised him".

                It
    is highly recommended to recite the above supplication at the end of
    every Adhaan and in this regard the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
    It becomes obligatory upon me to intercede for him (person reciting the
    supplication) on the Day of Judgement”
    (Reported by Imam
    Bukhari).


    IQAMAH Second Call to Prayer

               
    "Iqamah" is the second call to the prayer and is said inside the Mosque
    at the start of the congregational prayer. It goes as follows:

    1. ALLAHU AKBAR. (repeated two times).
    2. ASH-HADU ANLA ILLAHA ILA LAAH, (once).
    3. ASH-HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAR RASULUL-LAAH, (once).
    4. HA YYA ALAS-SALAA T, (once).
    5. HA YYA ALAL-FALAAH, (once).
    6. QAD QAMATIS-SALAAT, (repeated two times).
    7. ALLAHU AKBAR, (repeated two times).
    8. LAA ILAAHA ILA-LAAH, (once).

    Notes:

    • It is recommended that a brief time gapping be maintained
      between the "Adhaan" and the "Iqamah" to allow the congregation to get
      ready for the Salaat.
    • It is preferred that the "Iqamah" is performed by the same
      person (Muadhin) who performed the "Adhaan".
    • It is disliked for anyone to leave the mosque once the
      "Adhaan" is made, unless for urgent reason(s) but with a determination
      to return for the prayer.
    • It is prohibited to offer voluntary prayers after Iqamah has
      been called out. The Prophet (peace be upon him) says:“ When
      Iqamah is called out, no prayer is permissible except the obligatory
      one”
      (Reported by Imam Muslim).
    • If a person misses a prayer due to oversleeping or
      forgetfulness, then, before starting the missed prayer the person
      should call both Adhaan and Iqamah as did the Prophet PBUH when he and
      his companion over slept and missed Fajer until its time was over, he
      PBUH commanded Bilal to call Adhaan. But if he does not, then his
      Salaat is valid. However, if a person misses a number of prayers, it is
      preferred that he comes up with only one "Adhaan" for all the missed
      prayers, but to come up with a separate "Iqamah" for each Salaat.
    • Where a person misses the congregational prayer at the
      mosque, such a person, before starting to pray is at liberty to either
      perform or omit the Adhaan and the Iqamah. However, if he decides to
      perform the Adhaan, it is preferred that he does it in a low voice so
      as not to attract the attention of others outside.
    • It is not obligatory on women to perform the Adhaan and
      Iqamah but if they wish to perform the same there is no harm on them to
      perform Iqamah only but they must lower their voice.

     

     

     

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