Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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  • Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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    Eclipse
    Prayer (Salatul-Kusoof)

               
    The eclipse of the Sun and the Moon are two natural phenomena which,
    when they occur, cause dismay and unrest to those who witness them. For
    this reason, it is the tradition in Islam to perform a special prayer
    when these phenomena occur requesting Allah, the Almighty, to bless the
    Muslim Nation (Ummah) by clearing the eclipse. The Prophet (peace be
    upon him) says: “The sun and the moon are two of the signs of
    Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) and are not eclipsed for the death or
    livelihood of any person. Therefore, when you witness the eclipse of
    the sun and moon resort to prayer”
    (Reported by Imam Bukhari).

                This
    prayer is composed of two rakaats which are performed in congregation
    and for which neither a first call (Adhan) nor a second call (Iqamah)
    is required. It is performed in the following manner:

    1. After reciting "Al-Fatihah" the Imam would recite a long
      passage from the Holy Qur'an with the congregation listening
      attentively to the recitation.
    2. Upon completing the recitation, the Imam comes up with the
      bowing "Rukuu" position and as usual, the congregation would follow him
      accordingly.
    3. The Imam thereafter, raises up from the "Rukuu", but instead
      of continuing on to the prostration "Sujuud" position, he once again
      resumes the recitation of some passages from the Holy Qur'an after
      reciting chapter 1 (Al-Fatihah).
    4. After the above recitation, the Imam comes up with another
      "Rukuu".
    5. The Imam then, raises up from the Rukuu position and proceeds
      to prostration "Sujuud".
    6. The Imam has thus, completed the first rakaat, and from
      the'Sujuud" position, he would resume the standing position to begin
      the second rakaat which would be performed exactly as the first rakaat
      in the manner described above.
    7. Upon raising the head from the second prostration of the
      second rakaat, the Imam would sit for "At-Tashahud" and would then
      conclude the prayer as usual with "Tasleem".

               
    Note: Upon completing the eclipse prayer as discussed, it is
    recommended that the Imam delievers a brief sermon in which he speaks
    of
    the lessons to be learned from the manifestations of the eclipse. He
    draws the attention of the unmindful to the greatness of Allah
    (subhanahu wa ta'ala) and that He possesses unrestricted power to act
    in any way He wishes with His creations.

     

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