Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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  • Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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    Ghusl
    (Total Bath)

               
    Ghusl in Islam means the bathing of the entire body with water. Proof
    of its legitimacy is embodied in the Holy Qur'an as follows:“ And
    if ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body”

    (Qur'an 5:6).


    Occasions when Ghusl is Required as an obligatory Act

               
    Ghusl is required as an obligatory act in the following cases:

    1. After the discharge of semen as a result of stimulation
      whether awake or asleep (i.e. in a wet dream). This state is known in
      Arabic as "JUNUB". If, after the dream no wetness is traced in one's
      clothing, bathing is not obligatory. However, in case wetness is found
      but without recalling any dream, performing Ghusl is obligatory.
    2. After sexual intercourse (or the mere coming together of the
      two organs of a man and a woman, even though there may be no actual
      ejaculation) performing Ghusl is required.
    3. Following a period of menstruation, a woman is required to
      perform Ghusl.
    4. At the end of 40 days after childbirth, a woman is required
      to perform Ghusl but if the bleeding stops before completing the 40
      days period, then she must make the Ghusl as soon as the bleeding
      stops.
    5. When a Muslim dies, Ghusi is required for him/her except for
      the Jihad Martyr (Shahead).

     


    Occasions for which Ghusl is preferred

               
    Ghusl is recommended in the following cases:

    1. Before going to Jumah Congregational (Friday Prayer).
    2. Before going to Eid Prayers (Muslim annual feast prayers).
    3. Before undertaking Umrah or Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makkah).
    4. Upon washing a corpse. (According to many scholars, the
      performance of Ghusl is preferred for a person who washes a corpse).
    5. When a disbeliever reverts to Islam.

     


    Essential Requirements of Ghusl

               
    There are two essential requirements which need to be fulfilled for
    Ghusl to be valid. These are as follows:

    1. Intention to perform Ghusl is necessary because it is the
      dividing line between acts performed as a mere custom and deeds which
      are rewardable acts of worship. However, the intention is only by heart
      and need not be uttered.
    2. The entire body should be washed. Water should reach and flow
      freely over every part of the body.

     


    How Ghusl is Performed

               
    Besides the above two essential requirements, there are also other
    voluntary acts recommended for Ghusl. Both the essential and the
    voluntary acts are now integrated here below to demonstrate how the
    Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform the Ghusl:

    1. Intend by heart to perform Ghusl.
    2. Wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
    3. Wash the sex organs properly.
    4. Perform Wudhu as usual (in the manner already discussed)
      except, that the washing of the feet would be delayed until later when
      all the rest of the body is bathed.
    5. Pour water over the head three times, massaging the hair to
      allow water to reach its roots.
    6. Pour water liberally over the entire body, beginning with the
      right side and then, the left side ensuring that no part of the body is
      untouched by water such as the armpits, inside the earlobes, inside the
      navel, between the fingers and toes, etc.
    7. Finally, move a little further from where you were and wash
      your feet, beginning with your right foot and then, the left.

    Notes:

    1. A woman will perform Ghusl just as a man does, except, that
      if she has plaited hair, she need not undo it. She only needs to throw
      three handfuls of water over her head (this is for the Junub [the one
      who is in the state of major impurity after sexual intercourse or semen
      discharge] but for the one who has just finished her monthly period or
      post-birth period, she must undo her plaited hair).
    2. The person may after completing the Ghusl recite the
      supplication for concluding Ghusl which should be recited outside the
      toilet/bathroom and which is the same as the one recited after
      completing Wudhu.

     


    Acts Forbidden to Persons who are required to Perform Ghusl

               
    Persons required to perform Ghusl are forbidden to undertake certain
    acts. These are as follows:

    1. Any type of prayer whether obligatory or voluntary.
    2. Circumambulating the Ka'abah (Tawaf).
    3. Touching or carrying the Holy Qur'an. However, the
      prohibition does not apply to other books which contain Qur'anic
      passages such as commentaries of the Holy Qur'an or works of Islamic
      jurisprudence.
    4. Reciting the Holy Qur'an.
    5. Staying Inside the Mosque.

     

     

     

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