Prayer (Friday Con- Gregational Prayer)
Besides the five obligatory prayers, Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) has
also ordained the "Jumah" (Friday Congregational Prayer) as a necessary
prayer on the Muslim Nation (Ummah) as is made clear in the following
verse of the Holy Qur'an: “O ye who believe, when the call is
proclaimed to prayer on friday (the day of assembly), hasten earnestly
to the remembrance of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) and leave off
business (and traffic). That is best for you if ye but knew”
Prophet (peace be upon him) also, in exhorting the Muslims to the
importance of the Friday prayer said: “They (people) will have to
stop neglecting the Friday prayer or otherwise, Allah (subhanahu wa
ta'ala) will seal their hearts and they will be counted among the
negligent” (Reported by Imam Muslim).
Prophet (peace be upon him) also says: “He who deliberately
neglects three consecutive Friday prayers, Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala)
will make a mark on his heart” (Reported by Abu Dawood).
virtue of the above Qur'anic verse as well as the respected sayings of
the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Friday Congregational Prayer is,
therefore, a duty (Wajib) required from every adult and free Muslim who
is in residence.
Friday is a glorious day in Islam and represents a great weekly meeting
in which the Muslims gather in the houses of Allah (subhanahu wa
ta'ala) leaving aside all worldly affairs. The "Jumah" prayer is
therefore specific with a sermon in which the mosque preachers (Imams)
discuss and deal with the daily problems of the Muslim's society and
give enlightenment from the torch of Islam. The "Jumah" prayer reflects
that Islam is a great social order which fosters brotherhood, abhors
disunity and discourages evils.
Jumah is not a duty on women, who instead, may perform the obligatory
Dhuhr (Noon) prayer at their homes although they may join the Jumah
prayers, if by doing so does not affect their household duties, or
cause them any inconvenience.
Performance of the Juma'h prayer is only allowed in the Congregational
Mosques where, Muslims congregate and from where the Imam gives them
advice and spiritual insights.
tirne for the Juma'h prayer is the time of the Dhuhr prayer, although,
some Muslim jurists and scholars are of the opinion that it is
permissible to perform it before the sun reaches its zenith.
importance and reward has been attached by Islam to the timings of
going to the Friday Prayer as can be noted from the following saying of
the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Any person who takes total
ablution (ghusl) on friday and goes out for the friday prayer in the
first hour (i.e. early), it is as if he sacrificed a camel (in Allah's
cause), and whoever goes in the second hour, it is as if he sacrificed
a cow,- and whoever goes in the third hour, it is as if he sacrificed a
horned ram, and whoever goes in the fourth hour, it is as if he
sacrificed a hen, and whoever goes in the fifth hour, then, it is as if
he offered an egg. When the Imam comes out (to deliver the sermon), the
angels present themselves to listen to the sermon” (Reported by
However, it is a recommended Islamic tradition that the person comes up
with the following pre-requisites before going out to the Friday
- Undertaking Ghusl (total bath). The Prophet (peace be upon
him) in this regard says: “Ghusl on Friday is necessary (Wajib)
upon every adult person” (Reported by Imam Bukhari).
- Putting on the best and cleanest of clothes.
- Perfuming of oneself.
Having undertaken the above pre-requisites, the person then proceeds
to the mosque in tranquility fully conscious of Allah (subhanahu wa
ta'ala). Upon reaching the mosque, the person enters by stepping in
with the right foot first proclaiming the following private
supplication: "BISMILLAAH WASALAA TU - WASSALAMU 'ALAA RASULULLAAH.
ALLAHUMMA AFTAHLII ABWAABA RAHMATIK" which means: "In the name of
Allah ... May peace and blessings be on the messenger of Allah. O Allah
open to me the gates of your mercy ".
Having entered the mosque, the person comes up with two rakaats
(minimum because there is no certain amount of Rakaats to be performed
before Friday Salat) as salutation to the mosque in accordance with the
following famous saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “If
anyone of you enters the mosque, do not sit until you have performed
two rakaats” (Reported by Imam Al-Bukhari).
person then await for the sermon to start and may in the meantime read
the Holy Qur'an and/or come up with whatever supplications he can.
the Imam enters the Mosque, the "MUADHIN" (Prayer Caller), would make
the "ADHAAN", (i.e. the call to the prayer) and the person would be
answering the call in the manner already discussed earlier.
the Muadhin completes the Adhaan, the Imam climbs the pulpit to deliver
the sermon and the person is required to devote his whole attention
and, is forbidden to talk or keep oneself busy with even minor
activities in the course of the sermon. The Prophet (peace be upon him)
says in this regard: “He who performs ablution properly and comes
to the Jumah prayer and listens to the sermon attentively, will have
his sins from the previous Friday plus three more days forgiven and he
who occupies himself with pebbles during the sermon has performed badly”
(Reported by Imam Muslim).
completion of the first part of the sermon, the Imam sits down for a
brief pause and then, stands up again for the second part of the
sermon. After that, he comes down from the pulpit and the MUADHIN makes
the second call for the prayer IQAMAH and a two rakaat congregational
prayer is accordingly performed which is the same in all respects to
the Faj'r prayer.
completing the Jumah prayer, a person may come up with voluntary
prayers which if done at the Mosque consists of four rakaats (each two
rakaats performed separately) but if, done at home (upon one's return
from the mosque), consists only of two rakaats as the Prophet (peace be
upon him), used to do.