Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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  • Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)




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    Tarawih
    Prayer

               
    The Islamic Fasting Month of Ramadan is a blessed month in which
    Muslims are generally exhorted to come up with as many optional
    activities as is possible for great rewards are awarded for deeds
    performed during this holy month. It is in appreciation of this that
    the Prophet (peace be upon him) traditionalized for the Muslim Ummah a
    voluntary prayer to be performed during the nights of this holy month.
    This voluntary prayer is known as "Tarawih" or "Qiyaam".

                The
    virtue of this prayer can be noted from the following saying of the
    Prophet (peace be upon him): “Anybody who performs Tarawih prayer
    during the month of Ramadan with deep sense of belief and scrutiny will
    have his previous sins forgiven”
    (Reported by Imam Bukhari).

               
    Indeed, the Prophet (peace be upon him) manifested the importance of
    this prayer by personally leading its initial congregations although he
    did not insist on its performance for fear it was made obligatory on
    the Ummah. The mother of the faithful Aisha (may Allah be pleased with
    her) says: “Many people performed Tarawih with the Prophet
    (peace
    be upon him) in the first night and many more in the second night. In
    the third night, even a larger congregation attended the Mosque to
    perform the prayer with the Prophet (peace be upon him) but he did not
    go out for them. In the next morning the Prophet (peace be upon him)
    told them that I saw your assembly but nothing prohibited me from
    coming out to you except the fear that it be made obligatory upon you”

    (Reported by Imam At-Tirmidhi).

               
    After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him) there was no longer
    any fear of this prayer being made obligatory and it was Caliph Umar
    who during his reign reactivated the performance of this prayer in
    congregation. Since then, the Ummah has practiced this prayer in
    congregation but it is permissible for someone to perform it on
    individual basis, although much preference is given to performing it
    with the congregation as can be noted from the following saying of the
    Prophet (peace be upon him):“Whoever prays Tarawih with the
    congregation till the Imam leaves will be rewarded as if he prayed the
    whole night”
    (Reported by Imams Ahmad and Tirmidhi).

                This
    prayer is performed in rakaats (units) of two each except the last
    rakaat which is always prayed oddly as one. It is confirmed that the
    Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform eleven rakaats when praying
    Tarawih.

     

     

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