Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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  • Kitab Al-Salaah (The book of Prayer)


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    The
    Prayer Of A Travelling Person (Musafir)

               
    Islam is a religion full of mercy and because of the hardships and
    inconveniences which a person usually undergoes during travels, Allah
    (subhanahu wa ta'ala) has made certain concessions to the traveler. One
    of these concessions is that traveler may shorten some of the
    obligatory prayers. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an: “When ye
    travel through the earth there is no blame on you if ye shorten your
    prayers”
    (Qur'an 4:101).

               
    Because of this grant from Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala), it is an
    established practice that a traveling Muslim may shorten the four (4)
    rakaats obligatory prayers into two rakaats only. Thus, the Dhuhr, Asr
    and lsha prayers may each be shortened into two rakaats. However, the
    Maghrib and the Fajr prayers cannot be shortened and are to be
    performed in full.

                It
    is also an established practice that the traveler may combine some of
    the obligatory prayers. Thus, the Dhuhr prayer may be delayed until the
    time of the Asr prayer when both will be performed; or, the Asr prayer
    may be brought forward to the time of the Dhuhr prayer when both will
    be performed. Likewise, the Isha prayer may be brought forward to the
    time of Maghrib prayer; or, the Maghrib prayer may be delayed until the
    time of Isha prayer. The Fajr prayer can neither be brought forward or
    delayed and has to be performed at its prescribed time.


    Characteristics of combining the prayers

     

    1. Each prayer will be performed separately.
    2. Only one Prayer Call (ADHAN) shall be made for both prayers
      but two Second Calls (IQAMAHS) shall be required (i.e. one Second Call
      (Iqamah) shall be made separately for each prayer).

                If
    we may give an example, assuming that a traveler wishes to combine
    Dhuhr and Asr prayers by bringing the Asr prayer forward to the time of
    the Dhuhr prayer, the person would proceed as follows:

    1. The person would first come up with the Call for prayer
      "Adhaan" intending it for both the two prayers.
    2. The person would then come up with the second call "Iqamah"
      for the Dhuhr prayer.
    3. The person would then perform the Dhuhr prayer shortening it
      to two rakaats only.
    4. After completing the Dhuhr prayer, the person stands up and
      makes another second call "Iqamah" for the Asr prayer.
    5. The person would then perform the Asr prayer also shortened
      to two rakaats only.


    Note: A traveler may lead the prayer as an "IMAM" of the residents of
    the place he is visiting. And in such a case, he (being an Imam), may
    perform only two rakaats for the Dhuhr or Asr, and/or Isha prayers
    while, the residents he is leading, shall upon his completion continue
    to complete the remaining two rakaats of the respective prayers.
    However, in such cases, it is desirable that the traveler who may act
    as an Imam first gives notice to the congregation regarding his
    position and his intention to shorten his prayer so that the
    congregation continues to complete the prayer.

    On the other hand, if the traveler has to pray behind an Imam who is a
    resident of the place he is visiting, then in such case, the traveler
    shall pray with the Imam all the four (4) rakaats as usual.

     

     

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