1. [This is
a declaration of] disassociation, from Allāh
and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the
2. So travel
freely, [O disbelievers], throughout the land [during] four months but know that
you cannot cause failure to Allāh and that Allāh will disgrace the disbelievers.
3. And [it
is] an announcement from Allāh and His
Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allāh is disassociated from the disbelievers, and [so
is] His Messenger. So if you repent, that is best for you; but if you turn away
– then know that you will not cause failure to Allāh.
And give tidings to those who disbelieve of a painful punishment.
are those with whom you made a treaty among the polytheists and then they have
not been deficient toward you in anything or supported anyone against you; so
complete for them their treaty until their term [has ended]. Indeed, Allāh loves the righteous [who fear Him].
5. And when
the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them
and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of
ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakāh, let them
[go] on their way. Indeed, Allāh is Forgiving
6. And if
any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so
that he may hear the words of Allāh. Then
deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do
7. How can
there be for the polytheists a treaty in the sight of Allāh
and with His Messenger, except for those with whom you made a treaty at
al-Masjid al-îarām? So as long as they are upright toward you, be upright
toward them. Indeed, Allāh loves the righteous
[who fear Him].
8. How [can
there be a treaty] while, if they gain dominance over you, they do not observe
concerning you any pact of kinship or covenant of protection? They satisfy you
with their mouths, but their hearts refuse [compliance], and most of them are
9. They have
exchanged the signs of Allāh for a small price
and averted [people] from His way. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing.
10. They do not observe toward a
believer any pact of kinship or covenant of protection. And it is they who are
11. But if they repent, establish
prayer, and give zakāh, then they are your brothers in religion; and We detail
the verses for a people who know.
12. And if they break their oaths after
their treaty and defame your religion, then fight the leaders of disbelief, for
indeed, there are no oaths [sacred] to them; [fight them that] they might
13. Would you not fight a people who
broke their oaths and determined to expel the Messenger, and they had begun
[the attack upon] you the first time? Do you fear them? But Allāh has more right that you should fear Him, if you
are [truly] believers.
14. Fight them; Allāh will punish them by your hands and will
disgrace them and give you victory over them and satisfy the breasts of a
15. And remove the fury in the
believers' hearts. And Allāh turns in
forgiveness to whom He wills; and Allāh is
Knowing and Wise.
16. Do you think that you will be
left [as you are] while Allāh has not yet made
evident those among you who strive [for His cause] and do not take other than Allāh, His Messenger and the believers as intimates?
And Allāh is Acquainted with what you do.
17. It is not for the polytheists to
maintain the mosques of Allāh [while]
witnessing against themselves with disbelief. [For] those, their deeds have become
worthless, and in the Fire they will abide eternally.
18. The mosques of Allāh are only to be maintained by those who believe
in Allāh and the Last Day and establish prayer
and give zakāh and do not fear except Allāh,
for it is expected that those will be of the [rightly] guided.
19. Have you made the providing of
water for the pilgrim and the maintenance of al-Masjid al-îarām equal to [the
deeds of] one who believes in Allāh and the
Last Day and strives in the cause of Allāh?
They are not equal in the sight of Allāh. And Allāh does not guide the wrongdoing people.
20. The ones who have believed,
emigrated and striven in the cause of Allāh
with their wealth and their lives are greater in rank in the sight of Allāh. And it is those who are the attainers [of
21. Their Lord gives them good
tidings of mercy from Him and approval and of gardens for them wherein is
22. [They will be] abiding therein
Allāh has with Him a great reward.
23. O you who have believed, do not
take your fathers or your brothers as allies if they have preferred disbelief
over belief. And whoever does so among you – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
24. Say, [O Muúammad], "If your
fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you
have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you
are pleased are more beloved to you than Allāh
and His Messenger and jihād in His cause, then wait until Allāh executes His command. And Allāh does not guide the defiantly disobedient
25. Allāh has already given you victory in many regions and [even] on
the day of îunayn, when your great number pleased you, but it did not avail you
at all, and the earth was confining for you with its vastness; then you turned
26. Then Allāh
sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers and sent
down soldiers angels whom you did not see and punished those who disbelieved.
And that is the recompense of the disbelievers.
27. Then Allāh
will accept repentance after that for whom He wills; and Allāh is Forgiving and Merciful.
28. O you who have believed, indeed
the polytheists are unclean, so let them not approach al-Masjid al-îarām after
this, their [final] year. And if you fear privation, Allāh
will enrich you from His bounty if He wills. Indeed, Allāh
is Knowing and Wise.
29. Fight those who do not believe in
Allāh or in the Last Day and who do not
consider unlawful what Allāh and His Messenger
have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who
were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while
they are humbled.
30. The Jews say, "Ezra is the
son of Allāh"; and the Christians say,
"The Messiah is the son of Allāh."
That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who
disbelieved [before them]. May Allāh destroy
them; how are they deluded?
31. They have taken their scholars
and monks as lords besides Allāh, and [also]
the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one
God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate
32. They want to extinguish the light
of Allāh with their mouths, but Allāh refuses except to perfect His light, although
the disbelievers dislike it.
33. It is He who has sent His
Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all
religion, although they who associate others with Allāh
34. O you who have believed, indeed
many of the scholars and the monks devour the wealth of people unjustly and
avert [them] from the way of Allāh. And those
who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allāh – give them tidings of a painful punishment.
35. The Day when it will be heated in
the fire of Hell and seared therewith will be their foreheads, their flanks,
and their backs, [it will be said], "This is what you hoarded for
yourselves, so taste what you used to hoard."
36. Indeed, the number of months with
Allāh is twelve [lunar] months in the register
of Allāh [from] the day He created the heavens
and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do
not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers
collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allāh is with the righteous [who fear Him].
the postponing [of restriction within sacred months] is an increase in
disbelief by which those who have disbelieved are led [further] astray. They
make it lawful one year and unlawful another year to correspond to the number
made unlawful by Allāh and [thus] make lawful what
Allāh has made unlawful. Made pleasing to them
is the evil of their deeds; and Allāh does not
guide the disbelieving people.
38. O you
who have believed, what is [the matter] with you that, when you are told to go
forth in the cause of Allāh, you adhere heavily
to the earth? Are you satisfied with the life of this world rather than the
Hereafter? But what is the enjoyment of worldly life compared to the Hereafter
except a [very] little.
39. If you
do not go forth, He will punish you with a painful punishment and will replace
you with another people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allāh is over all things competent.
40. If you
do not aid the Prophet – Allāh has already
aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of
two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, "Do not
grieve; indeed Allāh is with us." And Allāh sent down his tranquillity upon him and
supported him with angels you did not see and made the word of those who
disbelieved the lowest, while the word of Allāh
– that is the highest. And Allāh is Exalted in
Might and Wise.
forth, whether light or heavy, and strive with your wealth and your lives in
the cause of Allāh. That is better for you, if
you only knew.
42. Had it
been an easy gain and a moderate trip, the hypocrites would have followed you,
but distant to them was the journey. And they will swear by Allāh, "If we were able, we would have gone
forth with you," destroying themselves [through false oaths], and Allāh knows that indeed they are liars.
43. May Allāh pardon you, [O Muúammad]; why did you give them
permission [to remain behind]? [You should not have] until it was evident to
you who were truthful and you knew [who were] the liars.
who believe in Allāh and the Last Day would not
ask permission of you to be excused from striving with their wealth and their
lives. And Allāh is Knowing of those who fear
those would ask permission of you who do not believe in Allāh and the Last Day and whose hearts have doubted, and they, in
their doubt, are hesitating.
46. And if
they had intended to go forth, they would have prepared for it [some]
preparation. But Allāh disliked their being
sent, so He kept them back, and they were told, "Remain [behind] with
those who remain."
they gone forth with you, they would not have increased you except in
confusion, and they would have been active among you, seeking [to cause] you
fitnah. And among you are avid listeners to them. And Allāh
is Knowing of the wrongdoers.
had already desired dissension before and had upset matters for you until the
truth came and the ordinance of Allāh appeared,
while they were averse.
among them is he who says, "Permit me [to remain at home] and do not put me
to trial." Unquestionably, into trial they have fallen. And indeed, Hell
will encompass the disbelievers.
50. If good
befalls you, it distresses them; but if disaster strikes you, they say,
"We took our matter [in hand] before," and turn away while they are
"Never will we be struck except by what Allāh
has decreed for us; He is our protector." And upon Allāh let the believers rely.
"Do you await for us except one of the two best things while we await for
you that Allāh will afflict you with punishment
from Himself or at our hands? So wait; indeed we, along with you, are
"Spend willingly or unwillingly; never will it be accepted from you.
Indeed, you have been a defiantly disobedient people."
what prevents their expenditures from being accepted from them but that they
have disbelieved in Allāh and in His Messenger
and that they come not to prayer except while they are lazy and that they do
not spend except while they are unwilling.
let not their wealth or their children impress you. Allāh
only intends to punish them through them in worldly life and that their souls
should depart [at death] while they are disbelievers.
they swear by Allāh that they are from among
you while they are not from among you; but they are a people who are afraid.
they could find a refuge or some caves or any place to enter [and hide], they
would turn to it while they run heedlessly.
among them are some who criticize you concerning the [distribution of]
charities. If they are given from them, they approve; but if they are not given
from them, at once they become angry.
only they had been satisfied with what Allāh
and His Messenger gave them and said, "Sufficient for us is Allāh; Allāh will
give us of His bounty, and [so will] His Messenger; indeed, we are desirous
toward Allāh," [it would have been better
expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to
collect [zakāh] and for bringing hearts together [for Islām] and for freeing
captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allāh and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation
[imposed] by Allāh. And Allāh is Knowing and Wise.
among them are those who abuse the Prophet and say, "He is an ear."
Say, "[It is] an ear of goodness for you that believes in Allāh and believes the believers and [is] a mercy to
those who believe among you." And those who abuse the Messenger of Allāh – for them is a painful punishment.
swear by Allāh to you [Muslims] to satisfy you.
But Allāh and His Messenger are more worthy for
them to satisfy, if they should be believers.
they not know that whoever opposes Allāh and
His Messenger – that for him is the fire of Hell, wherein he will abide
eternally? That is the great disgrace.
hypocrites are apprehensive lest a sūrah be revealed about them, informing them
of what is in their hearts. Say, "Mock [as you wish]; indeed, Allāh will expose that which you fear."
if you ask them, they will surely say, "We were only conversing and
playing." Say, "Is it Allāh and His
verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?"
no excuse; you have disbelieved after your belief. If We pardon one faction of
you – We will punish another faction because they were criminals.
hypocrite men and hypocrite women are of one another. They enjoin what is wrong
and forbid what is right and close their hands. They have forgotten Allāh, so He has forgotten them [accordingly].
Indeed, the hypocrites – it is they who are the defiantly disobedient.
68. Allāh has promised the hypocrite men and hypocrite
women and the disbelievers the fire of Hell, wherein they will abide eternally.
It is sufficient for them. And Allāh has cursed
them, and for them is an enduring punishment.
disbelievers are] like those before you; they were stronger than you in power
and more abundant in wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion [of
worldly enjoyment], and you have enjoyed your portion as those before you
enjoyed their portion, and you have engaged [in vanities] like that in which
they engaged. [It is] those whose deeds have become worthless in this world and
in the Hereafter, and it is they who are the losers.
there not reached them the news of those before them – the people of Noah and
[the tribes of] ‘Aad and Thamūd and the people of Abraham and the companions of
Madyan and the towns overturned? Their messengers came to them with clear proofs.
And Allāh would never have wronged them, but
they were wronging themselves.
believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what
is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give zakāh and obey Allāh and His Messenger. Those – Allāh will have mercy upon them. Indeed, Allāh is Exalted in Might and Wise.
72. Allāh has promised the believing men and believing
women gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally, and
pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence; but approval from Allāh is greater. It is that which is the great
Prophet, fight against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh upon
them. And their refuge is Hell, and wretched is the destination.
swear by Allāh that they did not say [anything
against the Prophet] while they had said the word of disbelief and disbelieved
after their [pretense of] Islām and planned that which they were not to attain.
And they were not resentful except [for the fact] that Allāh
and His Messenger had enriched them of His bounty. So if they repent, it is
better for them; but if they turn away, Allāh
will punish them with a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And
there will not be for them on earth any protector or helper.
among them are those who made a covenant with Allāh,
[saying], "If He should give us from His bounty, we will surely spend in
charity, and we will surely be among the righteous."
when he gave them from His bounty, they were stingy with it and turned away
while they refused.
He penalized them with hypocrisy in their hearts until the Day they will meet
Him – because they failed Allāh in what they
promised Him and because they [habitually] used to lie.
they not know that Allāh knows their secrets
and their private conversations and that Allāh
is the Knower of the unseen?
who criticize the contributors among the believers concerning [their] charities
and [criticize] the ones who find nothing [to spend] except their effort, so
they ridicule them – Allāh will ridicule them,
and they will have a painful punishment.
forgiveness for them, [O Muúammad], or do not ask forgiveness for them. If you
should ask forgiveness for them seventy times – never will Allāh forgive them. That is because they disbelieved
in Allāh and His Messenger, and Allāh does not guide the defiantly disobedient
who remained behind rejoiced in their staying [at home] after [the departure
of] the Messenger of Allāh and disliked to
strive with their wealth and their lives in the cause of Allāh and said, ''Do not go forth in the heat."
Say, "The fire of Hell is more intensive in heat" – if they would but
let them laugh a little and [then] weep much as recompense for what they used
Allāh should return you to a faction of them
[after the expedition] and then they ask your permission to go out [to battle],
say, "You will not go out with me, ever, and you will never fight with me
an enemy. Indeed, you were satisfied with sitting [at home] the first time, so
sit [now] with those who stay behind."
do not pray [the funeral prayer, O Muúammad], over any of them who has died –
ever – or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allāh and His Messenger and died while they were
let not their wealth and their children impress you. Allāh
only intends to punish them through them in this world and that their souls
should depart [at death] while they are disbelievers.
when a sūrah was revealed [enjoining them] to believe in Allāh and to fight with His Messenger, those of
wealth among them asked your permission [to stay back] and said, "Leave us
to be with them who sit [at home]."
were satisfied to be with those who stay behind, and their hearts were sealed
over, so they do not understand.
the Messenger and those who believed with him fought with their wealth and
their lives. Those will have [all that is] good, and it is those who are the
89. Allāh has prepared for them gardens beneath which
rivers flow, wherein they will abide eternally. That is the great attainment.
those with excuses among the bedouins came to be permitted [to remain], and
they who had lied to Allāh and His Messenger
sat [at home]. There will strike those who disbelieved among them a painful
is not upon the weak or upon the ill or upon those who do not find anything to
spend any discomfort when they are sincere to Allāh
and His Messenger. There is not upon the doers of good any cause [for blame].
And Allāh is Forgiving and Merciful.
[is there blame] upon those who, when they came to you that you might give them
mounts, you said, "I can find nothing for you to ride upon." They
turned back while their eyes overflowed with tears out of grief that they could
not find something to spend [for the cause of Allāh].
cause [for blame] is only upon those who ask permission of you while they are
rich. They are satisfied to be with those who stay behind, and Allāh has sealed over their hearts, so they do not
will make excuses to you when you have returned to them. Say, "Make no
excuse – never will we believe you. Allāh has
already informed us of your news. And Allāh
will observe your deeds, and [so will] His Messenger; then you will be taken
back to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you of
what you used to do."
will swear by Allāh to you when you return to
them that you would leave them alone. So leave them alone; indeed they are
evil; and their refuge is Hell as recompense for what they had been earning.
swear to you so that you might be satisfied with them. But if you should be
satisfied with them – indeed, Allāh is not
satisfied with a defiantly disobedient people.
bedouins are stronger in disbelief and hypocrisy and more likely not to know
the limits of what [laws] Allāh has revealed to
His Messenger. And Allāh is Knowing and Wise.
among the bedouins are some who consider what they spend as a loss and await
for you turns of misfortune. Upon them will be a misfortune of evil. And Allāh is Hearing and Knowing.
among the bedouins are some who believe in Allāh
and the Last Day and consider what they spend as means of nearness to Allāh and of [obtaining] invocations of the
Messenger. Unquestionably, it is a means of nearness for them. Allāh will admit them to His mercy. Indeed, Allāh is Forgiving and Merciful.
the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Muhājireen and the An§ār and
those who followed them with good conduct – Allāh
is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for
them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That
is the great attainment.
among those around you of the bedouins are hypocrites, and [also] from the
people of Madīnah. They have become accustomed to hypocrisy. You, [O Muúammad],
do not know them, [but] We know them. We will punish them twice [in this
world]; then they will be returned to a great punishment.
[there are] others who have acknowledged their sins. They had mixed a righteous
deed with another that was bad. Perhaps Allāh
will turn to them in forgiveness. Indeed, Allāh
is Forgiving and Merciful.
[O, Muúammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause
them increase, and invoke [Allāh's blessings]
upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allāh is Hearing and Knowing.
they not know that it is Allāh who accepts
repentance from His servants and receives charities and that it is Allāh who is the Accepting of repentance, the
say, "Do [as you will], for Allāh will see
your deeds, and [so, will] His Messenger and the believers. And you will be
returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you
of what you used to do."
[there are] others deferred until the command of Allāh
– whether He will punish them or whether He will forgive them. And Allāh is Knowing and Wise.
[there are] those [hypocrites] who took for themselves a mosque for causing
harm and disbelief and division among the believers and as a station for
whoever had warred against Allāh and His
Messenger before. And they will surely swear, "We intended only the
best." And Allāh testifies that indeed
they are liars.
not stand [for prayer] within it – ever. A mosque founded on righteousness from
the first day is more worthy for you to stand in. Within it are men who love to
purify themselves; and Allāh loves those who
is one who laid the foundation of his building on righteousness [with fear]
from Allāh and [seeking] His approval better or
one who laid the foundation of his building on the edge of a bank about to
collapse, so it collapsed with him into the fire of Hell? And Allāh does not guide the wrongdoing people.
building which they built will not cease to be a [cause of] skepticism in their
hearts until their hearts are stopped. And Allāh
is Knowing and Wise.
Allāh has purchased from the believers their lives
and their properties [in exchange] for that they will have Paradise. They fight
in the cause of Allāh, so they kill and are
killed. [It is] a true promise [binding] upon Him in the Torah and the Gospel
and the Qur’ān. And who is truer to his covenant than Allāh?
So rejoice in your transaction which you have contracted. And it is that which
is the great attainment.
believers are] the repentant, the worshippers, the praisers [of Allāh], the travelers [for His cause], those who bow
and prostrate [in prayer], those who enjoin what is right and forbid what is
wrong, and those who observe the limits [set by] Allāh.
And give good tidings to the believers.
is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the
polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them
that they are companions of Hellfire.
the request of forgiveness of Abraham for his father was only because of a
promise he had made to him. But when it became apparent to Abraham that his
father was an enemy to Allāh, he disassociated
himself from him. Indeed was Abraham compassionate and patient.
Allāh would not let a people stray after He has
guided them until He makes clear to them what they should avoid. Indeed, Allāh is Knowing of all things.
to Allāh belongs the dominion of the heavens
and the earth; He gives life and causes death. And you have not besides Allāh any protector or any helper.
117. Allāh has already forgiven the Prophet and the Muhājireen
and the An§ār who followed him in the hour of difficulty after the hearts of a
party of them had almost inclined [to doubt], and then He forgave them. Indeed,
He was to them Kind and Merciful.
[He also forgave] the three who were left behind [and regretted their error] to
the point that the earth closed in on them in spite of its vastness and their
souls confined them and they were certain that there is no refuge from Allāh except in Him. Then He turned to them so they
could repent. Indeed, Allāh is the Accepting of
repentance, the Merciful.
you who have believed, fear Allāh and be with
those who are true.
was not [proper] for the people of Madīnah and those surrounding them of the
bedouins that they remain behind after [the departure of] the Messenger of Allāh or that they prefer themselves over his self.
That is because they are not afflicted by thirst or fatigue or hunger in the
cause of Allāh, nor do they tread on any ground
that enrages the disbelievers, nor do they inflict upon an enemy any infliction
but that is registered for them as a righteous deed. Indeed, Allāh does not allow to be lost the reward of the
doers of good.
do they spend an expenditure, small or large, or cross a valley but that it is
registered for them that Allāh may reward them
for the best of what they were doing.
it is not for the believers to go forth [to battle] all at once. For there
should separate from every division of them a group [remaining] to obtain understanding
in the religion and warn their people when they return to them that they might
you who have believed, fight those adjacent to you of the disbelievers and let
them find in you harshness. And know that Allāh
is with the righteous.
whenever a sūrah is revealed, there are among the hypocrites those who say,
"Which of you has this increased faith?" As for those who believed,
it has increased them in faith, while they are rejoicing.
as for those in whose hearts is disease, it has [only] increased them in evil
[in addition] to their evil. And they will have died while they are
they not see that they are tried every year once or twice but then they do not
repent nor do they remember?
whenever a sūrah is revealed, they look at each other, [saying], "Does
anyone see you?" and then they dismiss themselves. Allāh has dismissed their hearts because they are a people who do
has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is
what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and
if they turn away, [O Muúammad], say, "Sufficient for me is Allāh; there is no deity except Him. On Him I have
relied, and He is the Lord of the Great Throne."