By: Khaalid Muhammad Khaalid


Translators notes
Introduction
MUS'AB IBN `UMAIR
THE LIGHT THEY FOLLOWED
SALMAAN AL-FAARISIY
ABU DHAR AL-GHIFAARIY
BILAAL IBN RABAAH
`ABD ALLAH IBN `UMAR
SA'D IBN ABI WAQQAAS
SUHAIB IBN SINAAN
MU'AADH IBN JABAL
AL- MIQDAAD IBN `AMR
SA'IID IBN `AAMIR
HAMZAH IBN `ABD AL-MUTTALIB
`ABD ALLAH IBN MAS'UUD
HUDHAIFAH IBN AL-YAMMAAN
AMMAAR IBN YAASIR
`UBAADAH IBN AS –SAAMIT
KHABBAAB IBN AL-ARAT
ABU `UBAIDAH IBN AL-JARRAAH
ZAID IBN HAARITHAH
`UTHMAAN IBN MADH'UUN
JA'FAR IBN ABI TAALIB
`ABD ALLAH IBN RAWAAHAH
KHAALID IBN AL-WALID
QAIS IBN SA`D IBN `UBAADAH
UMAIR IBN WAHB
ABU AD-DARDAA'
ZAID IBN AL- KHATTAAB
TALHAH IBN `UBAID ALLAH
AZ -ZUBAIR IBN AL `AWAAM
KHUBAIB IBN `ADIY
`UMAIR IBN SA'D
ZAID IBN THAABIT
KHAALID IBN SA`IID
ABU AIYUUB AL-ANSAARIY
AL -`ABBAAS IBN `ABD AL-MUTTALIB
ABU HURAIRAH
AL-BARAA' IBN MAALIK
`UTBAH IBN GHAZWAAN
THAABIT IBN QAIS
USAID IBN HUDAIR
`ABD AR-RAHMAN IBN `AWF
ABU JAABIR `ABD ALLAH IBN `AMR IBN HIRAAM
`AMR IBN AI-JAMUUH
HABIIB IBN ZAID
UBAIY IBN KA'B
SA'D IBN MU'AADH
SA`D IBN UBAADAH
USAAMAH IBN ZAID
`ABD AR RAHMAN IBN ABI BAKR
`ABD ALLAH IBN `AMR IBN AL-'Aas
ABU SUFYAAN IBN AIHAARITH
`UMRAAN IBN HUSAIN
SALAMAH IBN AL-AKWA'
`ABD ALLAH IBN AZ-ZUBAIR
`ABD ALLAH IBN `ABBAAS
ABBAAD IBN BISHR
SUHAIL IBN `AMR
ABU MUUSAA AL-ASH'ARIY
AT-TUFAIL IBN `AMR AD-DAWSIY
`AMR IBN AL -`Aas
SAALIM MAWLAA ABIHUDHAIFAH
Farewell
Glossary

Islambasics Library: Men Around The Prophet

(9)
AL- MIQDAAD IBN `AMR
The First Muslim Cavalryman



His companions said about him, "The first cavalryman to strive in the way of Allah was Al- Miqdaad Ibn Al-Aswad, our hero, and Al-Miqdaad lbn `Amr was one and the same person."

The story behind this was that Al-Miqdaad Ibn `Amr was in alliance with Al-Aswad lbn Abd Yaghuuth, who therefore adopted Al-Miqdaad. Thus, he was called Al-Miqdaad lbn Al-Aswad until the glorious verse which abrogated adoption descended, and he restored his father's name, `Amr Ibn Saad.
Al-Miqdaad was one of the foremost Muslims and the seventh of the seven men who announced their Islam openly and in public. Therefore, he had his share of the Quraish's abuse and atrocities. He tolerated them with the courageousness and satisfaction of a devoted disciple.

His attitude during the Battle of Badr will retain its immortal glory. It was an honorable attitude that impressed all those who witnessed it and made each and every one of them wish it were he who had adopted such an attitude. `Abd Allah Ibn Mas'uud, the Companion of Allah's Prophet (PBUH) said, "I have seen Al Miqdaad (may Allah be pleased with him) maintain a firm attitude and I was overtaken by a vicarious feeling to be in his place. This feeling enveloped me to the extent that I wished more than anything in the world thatit would come true."

The Day of Badr was a crucial one as the Quraish marched with all their might, stubborn persistence, and haughtiness against the Muslims. On that day, the Muslims were not only few, but also untried and inexperienced in jihaad. Their hearts had not been tested in action. Besides, the Battle of Badr was the dawn of their conquests. The Prophet stood there to strengthen the faith of his Companions and test their combat readiness to break through the enemy infantry and cavalry.

Afterwards, the Prophet (PBUH) began to consult them on war tactics. Surely, the Prophet's Companions knew that when he asked their opinion, he demanded their individual free and courageous expression, even if it happened tocontradict the majority. He who expressed his opinion would not be reproachedor criticized.

Al-Miqdaad was afraid lest one of the Muslims should have reservations about the imminent battle.
Therefore, he was careful to have precedence in speech. His concise and decisive words coined the slogan of the battle, yet before he had the chance to open his mouth, Abu Bakr As-siddiiq started talking and by the time he finished his words, Al-Miqdaad's apprehensions had vanished, for Abu Bakr spoke with remarkable eloquence. `Umar Ibn Al-khattaab spoke next and followed suit. Finally Al-Miqdaad stepped forward and said, "O Prophet of Allah,go ahead with what Allah has inspired you to do. We will stand by you. ByAllah, we will never say as the Children of Israel said, `So go you andyour Lord and fight you two, we are sitting right here.' Instead, we willsay, `Go you and your Lord and we will fight with you.' By Allah, Who hassent you with the truth, if you take us to the end of the world, we willtolerate all hardships until we reach it with you. We will fight on yourleft, your right, in front of you and behind you until Allah bestows victoryon you." His decisive words were like bullets that made the righteous believerswith them fired up with enthusiasm.

The Prophet's face brightened as he uttered a pious supplication for Al-Miqdaad, whose words were so strong and decisive that they drew the pattern thatwould be followed by anyone who spoke afterwards. Indeed, Al-Miqdaad's wordsleft their impact on the hearts of the believers. Consequently, S'ad IbnMu'aadh, a leader of the Ansaar, rose and said, "O Prophet of Allah, wehave believed in you and witnessed that what has descended on you is thetruth. We gave you our allegiance, so go ahead with what you intend to do,and we will stand by you. By Allah Who has sent you with the truth, if youattempt to cross the sea, we will cross it hand in hand with you. None ofus will lag behind or turn his back on you. We are not afraid to meet ourenemy tomorrow, for we are given to terrible warfare and we are faithfulin our desire to meet Allah. I pray Allah that we do what will make youproud of us. Go ahead with Allah's blessings."

The Prophet (PBUH) was extremely sanguine on hearing this and said tohis Companions, "March forward and be cheerful and confident!" After a while the two armies met in fierce combat. The Muslim cavalry on that day were onlythree Al-Miqdaad lbn Amr, Marthid lbn Abi Marthid, and Az-Zubair Ibn Al Awaam.The rest of the Mujaahiduun were infantry or riding on camels.

Al-Miqdaad's previous words not only proved his valor but also his preponderant wisdom and profound thought.

Al-Miqdaad was a wise and intelligent man. His wisdom was not expressed in mere words but in empirical principles and a constant Unvarying conduct. His experience was the fuel of his wisdom and intelligence.

The Prophet (PBUH) once assigned him to rule one of the governorships, and when he returned the Prophet (PBUH) asked him, "How does it feel be a governor?" He answered with admirable honesty, "It made me feel as if I were in a silver tower above the rest of the people. By Allah Who has sent you with the truth, from now on, I will never expose myself to the temptations of governing."

If that was not wisdom, then what else is? If that was not a wise man, then who else is?

This was an honest and straightforward man who was able to detect, unveil, and admit his innermost weakness. His position as a governor made him vulnerable to haughtiness and vainglory. He detected this weakness in himself at once and took a solemn oath to avoid any position or rank that might jeopardize his piety and righteousness. He kept his oath and renounced any influential or controversial situation for the rest of his life.

He cherished and treasured the hadith of the Prophet (PBUH): "He who avoids fitnah (trials, afflictions, and error) is indeed a happy man."

He realized that because the governorship awakened latent pride and haughtiness in him and exposed him to Fitnah, it was better to avoid any position that might arouse this weakness. His wisdom was manifested in his deliberateness and perseverance in his judgment of men. This was also a trait that Allah's Prophet (PBUH) instilled in him, for he taught Muslims that the hearts of the children of Adam are incredibly capricious.

Al-Miqdaad was always for delaying his final judgment of a man to themoment of death so as to be absolutely positive that the man concerned wouldnot alter, for death means finality. His wisdom was most conspicuous inthe dialogue that was narrated by one of his companions: One day, we satwith Al- Miqdaad and a man passed by and addressed Al-Miqdaad saying, "Allkinds of happiness are for these eyes which have seen Allah's Prophet (PBUH).By Allah, we wish that we saw what you have seen and witnessed what youhave witnessed." Al-Miqdaad approached him and said, "Why should anyonewish to witness a scene that Allah did not wish him to see? He does not knowwhat it would have been like if he had witnessed it or which party he wouldhave been among if he went back in time. By Allah, Allah's Prophet (PBUH)saw people who were thrown right into hell, so you should thank Allah thatyou were spared such a trial and were honored by firm belief in Allah andHis Prophet (PBUH)."

Undoubtedly, it is remarkable wisdom. You hardly ever meet a believerwho loves Allah and the Prophet (PBUH) and does not wish to see and livewithin the Prophet's sight. Yet the insight of the wise and skillful Miqdaadunveiled the missing dimension of this wish. For is it not possible thatif this man had lived during those times he might have ended up among thedwellers of Hell? Is it not possible that he might have sided with the disbelievers? Again, is it not far much better for him to thank Allah Who destined him tolive at a time when Islam is deeply -rooted and fully-fledged, awaiting himto quench his thirst from its inexhaustible pure spring?

Al-Miqdaad's viewpoint was subtly wise and intelligent. He always emerged as the wise and clever man iall his actions, deeds, and words.

Al-Miqdaad's love for Islam was not only great but also reasonable and wise. A man who has such great and wise love inside him must be raised to a high station, for he does not find pleasure in this love per se but rather in its responsibilities and obligations. Al Miqdaad definitely was this type of man. His love for the Prophet filled his heart and deepened his feeling of responsibility towards the Prophet's safety. No sooner was a call for an expedition announced than he darted towards the Prophet's house on horseback armed with his sharp sword!

His love for Islam filled his heart with responsibility for its protections, not only from the plots of its enemies, but also from the errors of its allies.

One day, his army unit went on an expedition, but the enemy troops were able to besiege them.
Therefore, their commander gave an order to his soldiers not to grazetheir camels. One of the Muslim soldiers did not hear his order and, inconsequence, disobeyed it. The commander punished him severely, more thanhe actually deserved. In fact, he did not deserve to be punished at all.Al-Miqdaad passed by this man and found him in tears, so he asked him whatwas the matter, and the latter told him what had happened. Al-Miqdaad tookthe man to the commander, where he argued with him until he was convincedof his error of judgment. Then Al-Miqdaad said, "Now it is the time for retaliation.He must have his qisaas - the law of equality of punishment!"

The commander yielded to his judgment but the soldier remitted the retaliation. Al-Miqdaad was thrown into ectasy over the greatness of the religion that made it possible for them to reach this power of courageous judgment, admirable submission, and great forgiveness. He said as if he were singing a song, " I will see Islam triumphant even if I have to die for it." Indeed, it was his utmost wish to see Islam most powerful before he died. His extraordinary effort to make his wish come true made the Prophet (PBUH) say to him, "O Al-Miqdaad, Allah ordered me to love you and told me that He loves you."




misconceptions about islam , Misconceptions On Human Rights In Islam , Muhamed no 1 , Muhammad the Greatest , MUHAMMAD'S PROPHETHOOD , Muhummed The Natural Successor To Christ , Muslim character , Muslim guide to Jehovah s witness , Muslim Response To Christian Response , Muslim-Christian Dialogue , My Dear Beloved Son or Daughter , night prayers during Ramadan , nullifiers of Islam , OH! YOU!! HINDU AWAKE! , On Cosmic Verses in The Quran , order in Islam , OUR MESSAGE , Peace from an Islamic standpoint , PEACE IN ISLAM , PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN ISLAM , PILGRIMAGE ORGANIZING INSTRUCTIONS , Pitfalls in the Quest for Knowledge , Polygyny: The wisdom of love , prayer and Ramadan , Prayer in Congregation , Principles of Islamic Faith (Al-`Aqidah Al-Wasitiyah) , Priorities of The Islamic Movement in The Coming Phase , PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS , Prohibitions that are taken too lightly , Proof of The Preservation of the Quran , PROPHET MUHAMMAD - THE INFINITE LIGHT , PROPHET OF ISLAM  MUHAMMED and  SOME OF HIS TRADITIONS , prophets stories , purpose of life , quran dictionary , Religion Of Islam , respond to the call of the prayer , Resurrection or Resuscitation , Rulings on divorce and connected matters in the Qur aan , ryad elsaleheen , SACRIFICE - The Making of a Muslim , Sahih Bukhari , Sahih Muslim , SALMAN THE PERSIAN , SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RELIGIOUS VALUES , seventy ways to earn reward , SHARI'AH - THE WAY TO GOD , shytan his ways of misleading , Social Laws in Islam , SOURCE METHODOLOGY IN ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE: , SPOTLIGHTS ON ISLAM , ST PAUL , status of women , Stories of new Muslims , stories of the prophets , STUDIES IN ISLAM SERIES ISLAM AND CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC THEORIES , Supplication and its manners, times, conditions, mistakes , Tafseer Ayat Al-Kursi , Tafsir of surat alfatiha , The 2 Eids , The Abridgments of the prophet's prayer , The Amazing Quran , The Aqeedah of the Pious Predecessors , The Arab's Impact on European Civilization , The Authentic Creed And the Invalidators of Islam , The basis of Muslim belief , The beard , The book of knowledge , The Buddhas of Bamyan , The Call For The Unity Of Religions: true of false , The Causes Responsible for Materialist Tendencies in the West , THE CHALLENGE OF ISLAM , The Character of the Companions , The compilation of hadith , THE CONSEQUENCE OF ATTRIBUTING LINEAGES TO A MAN WHO HAD NO LINEAGE , The Creed of Al-Bukhari , The creed of the sahabah , The Criterion , The DAY of WRATH , The Declaration of Faith , The Difference between Advising and Condemning , The Essence of Economic Policy in Importance of Islamic Economics , The Establishment of Proof , THE ETERNAL MESSAGE OF MUHAMMAD , The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam , THE ETIIQUETTES OF MARRIIAGE AND WEDDIING , The evil consequences of adultery , The Evil of Smoking  , The Face Veil , THE FINALITY OF PROPHETHOOD , The fiqh of hajj for women , The Foundations of the Islamic Belief , The fundamentals of Islam , The Glorious Quran English Translation , The God That Never Was , The Good End , The Hardening of the Heart , The ideal Muslim , The ideal muslimah , THE IDEOLOGICAL ATTACK , The Importance of Straightening the Ranks in Prayer  , The Islamic Call , THE JUSTICE OF GOD, HIS MERCY, PROMISE AND THREAT , The Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH , The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam , The Life of Muhammad , The life of this world , The Light of the Prophet , The Magnifying Glass On Clarifying Many Common Errors , The manners of a scholar and student of knowledge , The Many Dangers of the Tongue , The Meaning of Our Testimony that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the Messenger of Allah ,