||The call to prayer, called for the minaret five times daily.
||Helpers. The Muslims who were resident in Al- Madiinah and helped
those who emigrated from Makkah.
||The noon prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
||An optional prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
||The opening surah of the Qur'aan, recited in each raka`h of prayer.
||The dawn prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
||(Anglicized plural used in text) Islamic legal opinion based on
the Qur'aan and hadiiths.
||Sedition, disorder, trial, affliction, temptation.
||(Anglicized plural used here) a saying or action of the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH), the sum of them being the second basis of Islamic law after
||Pilgrimage to Makkah.
||Lawful according to Islamic law.
||The house of Al-Arqam which was used as a meeting place by the earliest
Muslims in Makkah.
||Unlawful according to Islamic law emigration. The first two Hijrahs
were those of the Companions to Abyssinia. The Hijrah from which the Islamic
calendar begins was that of Muhammad (PBUH) and his Companions from Makkah
to Al Madiinah.
||A spot next to the Ka`bah.
||Islamic legal opinion based on analysis and analogy.
|| prayer leader.
||The Period of Ignorance, i.e. paganism, before the revelation of
||The Angel Gabriel.
||Fighting or struggle in the cause of Allah.
||A tax paid by non-Muslims living under a Muslim government.
||The cube-shaped in Makkah which Muslims circumambulate during the
Hajj rituals. It was first built by Prophet Ibraahiim (Abraham).
||An early splinter group within Islam. Originally supporters of
Imam `Aliy, they broke away from him when he agreed to arbitration in his
dispute with Mu'aawiyah.
||(sing-Muhaajir) Emigrants. The Muslims who emigrated from Makkah
to Al Madiinah
||One who fights or struggles in the cause of Allah.
||Peace be upon him.
||The ruling tribe of Makkah, to which the Prophet (PBUH) belonged.
||(Anglicized plural used in text) a unit of prayer consisting of
a series of motions: standing, bowing, prostrating, sitting and prostrating
||A practice of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) which is imitated by Muslims.
||A chapter of the Qur'aan.
||Minor pilgrimage to Makkah.