By: Ibn Kathir


Important Guidelines About the Authenticity of the Reports and Quotations in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir
Chapter (64) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Taghabun
Chapter (65) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Talaq
Chapter (66) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Tahrim
Chapter (67) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Mulk
Chapter (68) - The Tafsir of Surat Nun
Chapter (69) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Haqqah
Chapter (70) - The Tafsir of Surat Sa'ala Sa'il
Chapter (71) - The Tafsir of Surat Nuh
Chapter (72) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Jinn
Chapter (73) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Muzzammil
Chapter (74) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Muddaththir
Chapter (75) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Qiyamah
Chapter (76) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Insan
Chapter (77) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Mursalat
Chapter (78) - The Tafsir of Surat An-Naba
Chapter (79) - The Tafsir of Surat An-Nazi`at
Chapter (80) - The Tafsir of Surat `Abasa
Chapter (81) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Takwir
Chapter (82) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Infitar
Chapter (83) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Mutaffifin
Chapter (84) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Inshiqaq
Chapter (85) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Buruj
Chapter (86) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Tariq
Chapter (87) - The Tafsir of Surat Sabbih
Chapter (88) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Ghashiyah
Chapter (89) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Fajr
Chapter (90) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Balad
Chapter (91) - The Tafsir of Surat Wash-Shams wa Duhah
Chapter (92) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Layl
Chapter (93) - The Tafsir of Surat Ad-Duha
Chapter (94) - The Tafsir of Surat Alam Nashrah (Surat Ash-Sharh)
Chapter (95) - The Tafsir of Surat Wat-Tin waz-Zaytun
Chapter (96) - The Tafsir of Surat Iqra' (Surat Al-`Alaq)
Chapter (97) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Qadr
Chapter (98) - The Tafsir of Surat Lam Yakun (Al-Bayyinah)
Chapter (99) - The Tafsir of Surat Idha Zulzilat (Az-Zalzalah)
Chapter (100) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-`Adiyat
Chapter (101) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Qari`ah
Chapter (102) - The Tafsir of Surat At-Takathur
Chapter (103) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-`Asr
Chapter (104) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Humazah
Chapter (105) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Fil
Chapter (106) - The Tafsir of Surat Quraysh
Chapter (107) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Ma`un
Chapter (108) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Kawthar
Chapter (109) - The Tafsir of Surat Qul ya Ayyuhal-Kafirun
Chapter (110) - The Tafsir of Surat An-Nasr
Chapter (111) - The Tafsir of Surat Tabbat
Chapter (112) - The Tafsir of Surat Al-Ikhlas
Chapters (113 - 114) - The Tafsir of Al-Mu`awwidhatayn

Islambasics Library: Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) volume 10

The Tafsir of Surah Alam Nashrah (Surat Ash-Sharh)

(Chapter - 94)

Which was revealed in Makkah

 

[بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ ]

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

[أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ - وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ - الَّذِى أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ - وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ - فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً - إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً - فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ - وَإِلَى رَبِّكَ فَارْغَبْ ]

(1. Have We not opened your breast for you) (2. And removed from you your burden.) (3. Which weighed down your back) (4. And have We not raised high your fame) (5. Verily, along with every hardship is relief,) (6. Verily, along with every hardship is relief.) (7. So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship.) (8. And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.)

 

The Meaning of opening the Breast

Allah says,

[أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ ]

(Have We not opened your breast for you)

meaning, `have We not opened your chest for you.' This means, `We illuminated it, and We made it spacious, vast and wide.' This is as Allah says,

[فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلإِسْلَـمِ]

(And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam.) (6:125)

And just as Allah expanded his chest, He also made His Law vast, wide, accommodating and easy, containing no difficulty, hardship or burden.

 

A Discussion of Allah's Favor upon His Messenger

 Concerning Allah's statement,

[وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ ]

(And removed from you your burden.) This means

[لِّيَغْفِرَ لَكَ اللَّهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِن ذَنبِكَ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ]

(That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future.) (48:2)

[الَّذِى أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ ]

(Which weighed down your back) Al-Inqad means the sound. And more than one of the Salaf has said concerning Allah's saying,

[الَّذِى أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ ]

(Which weighed down your back) meaning, `its burden weighed heavy upon you.'

 

The Meaning of raising the Fame of the prophet?

 

Allah then said,

- وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ -

(And have we not raised high your fame?)

Mujahid said, “I (Allah) am not remembered except that you are remembered with Me: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”[1]

Qatadah said, “Allah raised his fame in this life and in the Hereafter. There is no one who gives a sermon, declares the Testimony of Faith (Shahadah), or prays a prayer (Salah) except that he proclaims it: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”[2]

 

Ease after Difficulty?

 

Concerning Allah’s saying,

فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً - إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْراً ْ

(Verily, along with every hardship is relief, Verily, along with every hardship is relief.)

Allah informs that with difficulty there is ease, and then he reaffirms this information (by repeating it).

The Command to remember Allah during Spare Time?

 Allah says,

فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ - وَإِلَى رَبِّكَ فَارْغَب

(So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship, And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.)

 

meaning, ‘when you have completed your worldy affairs and its tasks, and you have broken away from its routine, then get up to perform the worship, and stand for it with zeal, complete devotion and purify your intention and desire for your Lord.

Similar to this is the Prophet’s statement in a Hadith that is agreed-upon to be authentic,

لا صلاة بحضرة الطعام  ولا هو يدافع الأخبثان

(There is no prayer when the food is served, nor when the two foul things (excrement and urine) are pressing a person.)[3]

 

The Prophet also said,

إذا أقيمت الصلاة وحضر العشاء فابدأوا بالعشاء

(When the prayer has started and the dinner has been served, then begin with dinner)[4]

Mujahid said concerning this Ayah, “When you are free from the worldy affairs, and you have stood to pray, then stand up for your Lord.”[5]

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Alam Nashrah and all praise and blessings are due to Allah.



[1] At-Tabari 24:494.

[2] At-Tabari 24:494.

[3] Muslim 1:393.

[4] Fath Al-Bari 9:498.

[5] At-Tabari 24:497.


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