The Tafsir of Surah Alam
Nashrah (Surat Ash-Sharh)
Which was revealed
In the Name of Allah,
the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Have We not opened your
breast for you) (2. And removed from you your burden.) (3. Which weighed down
your back) (4. And have We not raised high your fame) (5. Verily, along with
every hardship is relief,) (6. Verily, along with every hardship is relief.)
(7. So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship.) (8. And to
your Lord turn intentions and hopes.)
The Meaning of opening the Breast
(Have We not opened your breast for you)
meaning, `have We not opened your chest for you.' This
means, `We illuminated it, and We made it spacious, vast and wide.' This is as
(And whomsoever Allah
wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam.) (6:125)
And just as Allah expanded his chest, He also made His
Law vast, wide, accommodating and easy, containing no difficulty, hardship or
A Discussion of Allah's Favor upon His Messenger
Concerning Allah's statement,
(And removed from you your burden.) This means
(That Allah may
forgive you your sins of the past and the future.) (48:2)
(Which weighed down your back) Al-Inqad means the sound.
And more than one of the Salaf has said concerning Allah's saying,
(Which weighed down your back) meaning, `its burden weighed
heavy upon you.'
The Meaning of raising the Fame of the prophet?
Allah then said,
(And have we not
raised high your fame?)
Mujahid said, “I (Allah) am not remembered except that
you are remembered with Me: I bear witness that there is no God worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
Qatadah said, “Allah raised his fame in this life and in
the Hereafter. There is no one who gives a sermon, declares the Testimony of
Faith (Shahadah), or prays a prayer (Salah) except that he proclaims it: I bear
witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is the Messenger of Allah.”
Ease after Difficulty?
Concerning Allah’s saying,
(Verily, along with every hardship is relief, Verily, along with
every hardship is relief.)
Allah informs that with difficulty there is ease, and
then he reaffirms this information (by repeating it).
The Command to remember Allah during Spare Time?
(So when you have
finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship, And to your Lord turn intentions
meaning, ‘when you
have completed your worldy affairs and its tasks, and you have broken away from
its routine, then get up to perform the worship, and stand for it with zeal,
complete devotion and purify your intention and desire for your Lord.
Similar to this is
the Prophet’s statement in a Hadith that is agreed-upon to be authentic,
ولا هو يدافع
(There is no prayer when
the food is served, nor when the two foul things (excrement and urine) are
pressing a person.)
The Prophet also
(When the prayer has started and the dinner has
been served, then begin with dinner)
concerning this Ayah, “When you are free from the worldy affairs, and you have
stood to pray, then stand up for your Lord.”
This is the end of the
Tafsir of Surah Alam Nashrah and all praise and blessings are due to Allah.