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Islambasics Library: Dictionary

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Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "When Allah wants to favour somebody, He tries him by placing him under some hardships." Saheeh Bukhari.

Abu Ruqayya, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Religion is sincerity". We said, "To whom?" "To Allah and His Book and His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and their common folk." Saheeh Muslim.

Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Allah Ta’ala said: ‘O my servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another." Saheeh Muslim.

The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: " Everyone starts his day and is a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin." Saheeh Muslim.


JA’ALA: "He made". Has a different meaning to "Khalaqa" (see Khaliq, Ja’ala implies "turn into", for example: 1). "Who has made the earth your couch... "Surah Al-Baqara (2):22). 2). "Make me a good Muslim and at death count me among the believers."

JAHANNAM: Most commonly understood to mean Hell. In fact, it is one of the levels of Hell. The are seven levels of Hellfire.

1). Jaheem - the shallowest level of Hell. It is reserved for those who believed in Allah and His messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but who ignored His commands. 2). Jahannam - a deeper level where the idol-worshippers are to be sent on the Day of Judgment. 3). Sa’ir - is reserved for the worshippers of fire. 4). Saqar - this is where those who did not believe in Allah will be sent on the Day of Judgment. 5). Ladha - will be the home of Jews. 6). Hawiyah - will be the abode of the Christians. 7). Hutama - the deepest level of Hellfire. This is where the religious hypocrites will spend eternity. The worst of Allah’s creation are the Munafiqeen (Hyprocrites), whether they be mankind or jinn, for they outwardly appear to accept, but inwardly reject, Allah and His Messenger.

JAHEEM: The shallowest level of the Nar. It is reserved for those who believed in Allah and His Messenger Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but who ignored His commands. See Jahannam.

JAHILIYAH: "Ignorance". This involves relying on what is other than the truth. This is why the age or period prior to the advent of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is called Jahiliyah. Many people believed, for example, in Allah, but tried to attain His pleasure through worshipping another medium such as a stone, fire, man, wood, animal, etc., rather than following His guidance which had been revealed to the earlier messengers. The age of Jahiliyah ‘ended’ when the Final Revelation, the Holy Qur’an, was revealed to mankind and the Jinn. However,it still exists wherever this last message from God has not reached. Any deviation from the True Path is no longer considered as Jahiliyah, but as Kufr, for the truth has been distinguished from falsehood.

JAHRI: Loud recitation of the Holy Qur’an during Salaat.

JALUT: Goliath. A giant and a commander who led a large army against a small, but very dedicated army under Talut (Saul). Dawood (David), peace be on him), still young boy then, killed Jalut, thus causing a major defeat to the enemies of Allah. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):249-252.

JAM’: Al-Muzdalifa.

JAMAHA: To be uncontrollable.

JAME’: Joining two Fard (compulsory) prayers, by praying one immediately after the other, in one space of time. Under certain circumtances (for example, when a person is travelling), it is permitted to join the Fard (compulsory) prayers together:

1). The Fajr prayer (the first compulsory prayer of the day) is not combined with any other prayer. 2). The Duhr and ‘Asr prayers (the second and third compulsory prayers of the day) may, under certain circumstances, be combined. 3). The Magreb and Isha prayers (the fourth and fifth compulsory prayers of the day) may also, under certain circumstances, be combined. 4). Call only one Adhan, but two Iqamat as-Salat (one for each Salat). 5). The Duhr, ‘Asr and Isha prayers are reduced from four to two Rak’at each when doing traveling prayers during a journey which is longer than 48 miles. This reduction does not occur if the prayers are joined due to extremely bad weather. Jame’ comes in two forms: 1). Jame’ Taqdeem - early combination: Praying the Duhr and ‘Asr prayers during the time of Duhr. In this case, the Duhr Salat is performed first, then the ‘Asr Salat. Praying the Magreb and Isha prayers during the time of Magreb. In this case, the Magreb Salat is performed first, then the Isha Salat. 2). Jame’ Takheer - Delayed combination: Praying the Duhr and ‘Asr prayers during the time of ‘Asr. The Duhr Salat is performed first, then the ‘Asr Salat. Praying the Magreb and Isha prayers during the time of Isha. The Magreb Salat is performed first, then the Isha Salat.

JAMRA: White hot coal. The term used to describe the three pillars built of stone at Mina. Plural: Jimar.

JAMRAT AL’AQABA: One of the three stone pillars at Mina. One of the rites of Hajj is to throw pebbles at these stone pillars, which represent Shaitan (Satan). Plural:Jimar.

JANNAH: Also spelled as Janna. Paradise. A created abode in the Hereafter for those who believe in unity of Allah and in all His Prophet and Messengers, and follow their way of life. Jannah has eight gates around it and each of these eight gates has eleven doors. The names of eight gates are:

1). Bab al-Iman. 2). Bab al-Jihad. 3). Bab-al-Kadhemean al-gaidh. 4). Bab-ar-Raiyan. 5). Bab-ar-Radiyeen. 6). Bab as-Sadaqa. 7). Bab-at-Taubah. 8). Bab-at-Salat. Jannah has not been guaranteed to any human being or Jinn with the exception of the messenger of Allah before their deaths, other than the following ten men.

1). Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. 2). Umar ibn al-Khattab. 3). Uthman ibn ‘Affan. 4). Ali ibn Talib. 5). Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqas 6). Abu Ubaida ‘Amer ibn al-Jarrah. 7). Al-Zubair ibn al-’Awam. 8). Talha ibn Ubaidu’llah. 9). Abdar-rahman ibn ‘Auf . 10). Sa’id ibn Zaid. May Allah be pleased with all of them.

JANABA: The state of a person after sexual discharge, whether intentional or otherwise. A person may not perform Salat or not recite or touch the Holy Qur’an until he performs Ghusl or Tayammum. See Ghusl.

JATHIYAH (AL): audio "The Crouching". Surah 45 of the Holy Qur’an.

JEWJ WA MAJEWJ: "Gog and Magog". The two evil empires. They are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Ahadeth (Bukhari and Muslim) when mentioning some of the scenes just before the final hour. See Sahi Muslim, Kitab al-Fitan wa Isharat as-Say’ah. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Ambiyaa (21):96.

JIBREEL, PEACE BE ON HIM: The Angel Gibriel. Also called Rooh al-Qudus, "The Holy Spirit". His duty was to reveal the Word of Allah Ta’ala to His Anbiaa (Prophets). He is now sent to help the very religious against the temptations of Shaitan (Satan) at the time of death. His epithet is Roohul Amin (The Spirit of Truth) (Ash-Shuraa (26):193). The Al-Amin is Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. See Holy Qur’an , Al-Baqara (2)97-98, At-Takwir (81):19-21.

JIHAD: 1). One of the eight gates of Jannah (Paradise). See Jannah. 2). A Holy war in the cause of Allah and His command. Jihad takes many forms, amongst which are: a). Jihad an-Nafs - Fighting against one’s own evil traits and trying one’s utmost to be a better person in the sight of Allah. b). Jihad Akbar - Physically fighting against the enemies of Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala.

JIMAR: Plural of Jamara. See Jamra and Jamrat al-’Aqaba.

JINN (AL): audio "The Jinn". A race of created beings that are made out of smokeless fire. They are like the Ins (human race) in many ways: 1). They are born, have children and die. They also have friends and family. 2). There are Muslims and Kufar amongst them. 3). They eat food, but their food consists mainly of bones and stool.

They differ from us in many ways too: 1). Their lifespan is much longer than ours. 2). They can see us and sometimes are able to dwell within us. 3). they need no form of transport. 4). They need no housing. The Muslims amongst them like to live in the Masajid and pray, but the unbelievers tend to live in the bathrooms of non-religious Ins (human beings). The best way to make sure that they do not intermix with us (i.e. enter our bodies or eat food with us) is to remember Allah constantly and to read the Holy Qur’an as much as possible. Surah 72 of the Holy Qur’an.

JIZYA: A Tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim rule.

JUDIYE: Place where the Ark of the Prophet Nooh (Noah), peace be on him, came to rest. Jabal (Mount) Judiye is in the Turkish district of Botham which is situated near the frontiers of turkey, Syria and Iraq. See holy Qur’an, Houd (11):44.

JUHFA (AL): the place to the north-west of Makka where the people of Shaam put on their Ihram when intending to go Hajj. See Miqat.

JUM’A (AL): audio "Friday". The Muslims’ day of gathering together, when all Muslim males must go to the Masjid to hear the Friday Khutba (sermon) and to do Jum’a Salat (prayer), which is prayed instead of Dhur. Surah 62 of the Holy Qur’an.

JUMADA AL-AKHIRA: The Sixth month of Islamic calendar. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq may Allah be pleased with him, died on Tuesday, 22nd Jumada al-Akhira, 13AH. See Hijri.

JUNUB: A person in the state of Janaba. See Janaba.

JUZ: A part. the Holy Qur’an is divided into thirty parts. A thirtieth part of the Holy Qur’an. Plural: Ajza.


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