Ibn "Umar, may Allah be pleased
with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, said: "Every Muslim must listen to and obey (his
ruler) in whatever he likes and dislikes provided that this does not
involve disobedience to Allah. But when he (the Muslim) is ordered to
disobey (Allah), he must neither listen to nor obey (the ruler’s
command)." Saheeh Muslim and Saheeh Bukhari.
Abu Juhaifah, may Allah be
pleased with him, related that Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, said that it is forbidden to accept the price of blood, the
price of dog and the earnings of a prostitute, and he (Muhammad) cursed
the persons who charged interest and gave interest, and cursed the
woman who tattooed herself, and cursed the picture. Saheeh Bukhari.
Abu Hurairah, may Allah be
pleased with him, related that Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, said: "There are three distinctive characteristics of a
hypocrite: (1). Whenever he speaks he tells a lie. (2). Whenever he
makes a promise he breaks it. (3). Whenever he is trusted he betrays
it." Saheeh Muslim and Saheeh Bukhari.
Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased
with him, related that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace, said: "Do not consider even the smallest good as
insignificant, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face (is a
good deed)." Saheeh Muslim.
"Ha Mim". Another name for Ha Mim Sahda or al-Fussilat . Surah
41 of the Holy Qur’an.
HABAL-UL-HABALAH: There were two forms of this trade
called Habal-ul-Habalah. The example of the first form is to buy an
offspring of an animal which is yet to be born by making the payment in
advance. Second form is to sell an animal on a condition of retaining
the offspring of the sold animal. Both forms of this kind of
transaction are prohibited.
HADATH: This consists of two parts: (1).
Minor - Passing wind, stool or urine. Impurity requires Istinja and
Wudu. (2). Major- Sexual discharge, menstruation and
childbirth. Requires Gushul.
Singular of Hudood. Boundary limit between the Halal (Lawful) and Haram
(unlawful), set by Allah Ta’ala.
"The Iron". Surah 57 of the Holy Qur’an.
HADER: Fast recitation of the Holy Qur’an.
A Cow, sheep or a goat that is offered as a
sacrifice by a pilgrim during the Hajj.
dish made of cooking-butter, dates and cheese.
saying or tradition of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and
grant him peace. Plural: Ahadeeth.
HADITH QUDSI: A
saying of Allah Ta’ala narrated by the Holy prophet Muhammad , may
Allah bless him and grant him peace, that is not part of the Holy
(1). Obedient service or work . (2).
Descendant - son, daughter, grandchild, great grandchild, etc.
plural indicating all descendants - sons, daughters, grandchildren ,
great grandchildren , etc. Singular : Hafada . See Holy Qur’an ,
an-Nahl (16) :72 .
ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER: Daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab,
may Allah be pleased with him, and wife of Muhammad, may the blessings
and peace of Allah be on him and his family and his companions.
(AL): The ‘Black Stone’, a stone
some say fell from heaven, set into one corner of the Ka’bah in Makka
by the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), peace be upon him, which the pilgrim,
in imitation of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, kiss, so unifying all the Muslims throughout the ages in one
The day of Nahr (i.e. the 10th of
HAJJ (AL): "The
Pilgrimage", which commences on the 8th of
Dhul’l-Hijjah. There are three types of Hajj:
Umra followed by Hajj, but taking off the Ihram in between these two
stages. Hajj al-Qiran (combined). Umra then Hajj without taking
off the Ihram. Hajj al-Ifrad (single). Hajj without Umra. A
pilgrimage to Makkah in the twelfh month of the Islamic calendar is
known also as Hajj al-Ifrad. The performance of Hajj consists of ten
(i) Put on the Ihram at
the appointed station, then recite the Talbiyah. Recitation is
done aloud by men and quietly by women. Depending on what type of Hajj
you are doing, perform the necessary rites at Ka’bah upon arrival in
Makkah. See Talbiyah. (ii). Go to Mina (on the 8th of
the month). Pray the Duhr, ‘Asr, magreb, Isha and Fajr prayers at their
proper time, but shortening the four Rak’at to two, as if doing
travelling prayers. (iii). When sun rises (on the 9th of the
month), go to ‘Arafat and combine the Dhur and ‘Asr Salat. (iv).
After the sun sets, go to Al-Muzdalifa, reciting the Talbiyah.
Combine the Magreb and the Isha Salat. After the Fajr prayer, raise
your hands and do Du’a (After midnight, women and the weak may proceed
to Mina if they wish. (v). In Muzdalifah (or Minah),
pick up small stones (eighter 49 or 70) to throw at the Jamra
(stone pillars) of ‘Aqaba. (vi) Go to Mina (on the 10th
of the month): a). Throw seven stones, one stone at a time, at
the largest of three Jamras (the stone pillars that represent
Shaitan). b). Sacrifice your animal. You must eat some of its
meat, but give the bulk of it to the poor and hungry. (Do this step
only if it is required of you. It is not required for Hajj al-Ifrad.
If you are doing either of the other two types of Hajj, but cannot
afford an animal, then fast three days after you first put on Ihram and
seven days after you have returned home.) c). Shave your head.
Women only need to cut off a lock of hair. The rules of Ihram are now
lifted, except for sexual intercourse with one’s spouse. (vii).
Go to Makkah and to Tawaf al-Ifada. Go to the hills of Safa
and Marwa and do Sa’i. Now the rules of Ihram
are completely lifted. (viii). Return to Mina and stay
there for the remainder of the 10th and on the 11th, 12th and the 13th.
(You may, if you wish, leave Mina after Asr on the 12th or
after Asr on the 13th. You must leave Mina before the sun
sets.) (ix). Each day, stone each of the three Jamras
(the stone pillars) with seven pebbles. (x). If you wish to
return home, you must do the Tawaf al-Wida’. No-one is excused,
except for the menstruating women or women in the period of discharge
after childbirth. See Tawaf al-Wida.’ See Surah 22 pf the Holy
Qur’an. Performing the Hajj if you are able is one of the Arkan of
Islam. See Arkan.
Another name for 'Umra. See 'Umra.
The last farewell Hajj of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, before his death. During that Hajj, Muhammad gave an immortal
Khutba called "Khutbatul Wida". This sermon is still remembered
word for word, for it confirmed that the deen of Islam had been
completed, transmitted and established by the Messenger of Allah, may
the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and his family and his
companions and all who follow him and what they are able, with
sincerity, until the Last Day.
MABRUR: Hajj accepted by Allah for being perfectly
performed according to the Prophet's Sunnah and with legally earned
Whose profession is cupping (Hejjam).
as defined by Allah the Almighty. See Ahkam.
of Fir’aun (Pharoah) who tried to have all the newborn babies killed at
the time when the Prophet Musa (Moses), peace be on him, was born.
carry". Words from the same root: Hamaa, he carried; Yahmilou,
to wife, i.e. her husband’s brother.
school of Islamic jurisprudence named after Imam Abu Hanifa.
Upright and true to faith in the Unity of Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala.
Worshipping Allah Ta’ala alone, without associating anything or anyone
ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER): Grandmother of the Prophet Isa
(Jesus, Son of Mary), peace be on them, and wife of ‘Imran, may Allah
be pleased with him. Since the Prophet Isa had maternal grandparents,
how can the Christians claim him to be Allah? Since Allah is the
creator of all that there is, and was not created, do the Christians
claim that Allah has a family tree? (Since they acknowledge the
immaculate conception and the virgin birth, why do they trace the
lineage of Jesus through Joseph the carpenter? See Matthew 1:6-16, Luke
3:23-31.) Glory be to Allah, the Most High. Cursed are those who
ascribe partners to Him. The punishment of Hellfire awaits those who do
not desist from the blasphemy.
HAQQA (AL): "The
reality". Another name for the Last Day. Surah
69 of the Holy Qur’an.
Islamic Monotheism (worshipping Allah alone and nothing else).
expression used when you don't want to call somebody by her name. (It
is used for calling a female).
act or deed which is prohibited by Allah and which will incur His wrath
and punishment. See Ahkan. Sanctuary or boundary of any Masjid
(mosque), but usually used with regard to the sanctuaries of the masjid
al-Haram in Makkah and Masjid al-Rasool, may Allah give him light and
peace in his grave, in Madinah. This is why they are referred to as "Al-Haramain
al-Shariffain", the two Holy Sanctuaries.
HANUT: A kind of scent used for embalming the
AL-SHAREEF (AL): See Masjid al-Haram (Al).
AL-SHARIFFAIN (AL): "The two Holy Sanctuaries". The Santuary of the Ka’ba at Makkah and the
sanctuary of al-Masjid al-Rasool, may Allah bless and grant him peace,
A short spear.
A well-known rocky place in Al-Madinah
covered with black stone.
A special unorthodox religious sect.
A place outside Makkah where pilgrims go after finishing all the
ceremonies of Hajj.
BE ON HIM: Aaron. A prophet of Islam. He was the brother of
the Prophet Musa (Moses), peace be on them. See Holy Qur’an, Ta Ha
covered with black stones in Madinah.
MARUT: Two angels who, by the permission of Allah Ta’ala,
taught magic to the people of Babylon. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara
HASAD: Jealousy. Hasad is forbidden in Islam, except for two
specific reasons: Being jealous of a person for memorizing Qur’an by
Heart. Being jealous of a wealthy person for expending his wealth in
the path of Allah Ta’ala.
Good deeds committed in the path of Allah
Ta’ala. These are the deeds by which Allah Ta’ala will judge man and Jinn
when deciding whether or not they will enter Janna. Singular: Hasana.
A place just outside Makkah where the Hujjaj go after completing the
HASHIR (AL): "The
Exile". Surah 59 of the Holy Qur’an.
Another name for the Day of Judgment, Yaumal al-Hashr, "Day of
Transfer of debt from one person to another by the agreement of both
Quraish tribe. An Arabian tribe that always gave trouble to the
new-born Islamic nation before their conversion to Islam.
watering-place of the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, whose pure drink will refresh those who have crossed the Siraat
before entering the Garden on the Last Day.
The sixth level of Nar (Hellfire).
This will be the home of the Christians. See Jahannam.
wife of Adam, peace be on them. She bore many children. Everytime she
gave birth, they were twins, one male and one female. Each twin married
the twin of the other. The two most famous ones of her offsprings were Habil
(Abel) and Qaabil (Cain).
has a wide range of meanings which falls into two categories: (1).
Good. i.e. bashfulness, self-respect, good standard of ethics, modesty,
etc. In other words, being ashamed to do anything of which Allah the
Almighty disapproves or forbids. (2). Bad. Person having the
opposite traits to the above. See Bukhari, Hadith 139, Vol. 8.
means to present something to someone as a gift for Allah's sake.
(AL): The nursing and care- taking of children.
kind of veil - it could be a curtain, a facial veil, etc. The facial
Hijab is divided into two types: (1). Niqab - Full
facial covering (2). Khimar - Partial facial covering,
i.e. it covers the face, but leaves the eyes exposed. It is said that
the Universe is what veils the creators from the creation. If you find
the veil awe-inspiring, how much more awe-inspiring is the One behind
region along the western seaboard of Arabia, in which Makka, Medina,
Jeddah and Ta’if are situated.
HIJR (AL): "Al-Hijr". Name of a rocky place
and its people. Surah 15 of the
in the path of Allah.
HIJRI: Name of the Islamic lunar calendar. It
took its name from the early Muslims who migrated from Makkah to
Madinah, and commences from the date of the Prophet Muhammad’s Hijra,
may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which he made with Abu Bakr
as-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, in 622 AC. The months of the
Islamic calendar are:
(3).Rabi’il al-Awal, (4).Rabi’il al-Akhira, (5).Jumada
al-Awal, (6).Jumada al-Akhira, (7).Rajab, (8).Sha’ban
(9).Ramadan (10).Shawal (11). Dhul Qi’da . (12).
famous cave in the jabal an-Nur in Makkah where Muhammad, may Allah
bless him and grant him peace, first received the divine message
through the Holy Spirit, the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be on him.
HILAB: A kind of scent.
HINNA: A kind of plant used for dying hair etc.
HIQQAH: A three-year-old she-camel.
Allah Ta’ala divides all the parties into two groups; "Hizb Allah"(the
Party of Allah) and "Hizbal-Shaitan" (the Party of Satan). It
is irrelevant to Allah how one labels one’s party, whether it be
"Democratic Party", "Labour Party", "Communist Party" or whatever. What
matters is whether or not it follows the path of Allah Ta’ala.
HOORIYAT: Plural of Hooriah. See Hooriah.
A Female virgin created by Allah Ta’ala, but
not a descendant of Adam, peace be on him. She is created in Jannah
(Paradise) and is the perfect companion of man in Akhira (Hereafter).
Her beauty is insurpassable and unimaginable. She has intensely black
irises and the whites of her eyes are pure whites . Also spelled as
Houriah. Plural: Hooriyat.
HUBAL: The name of an idol in the Ka'bah in the Pre-Islamic Period
HUBLA: A kind of desert tree.
HUDA: Chanting of camel-drivers keeping time of camel's walk.
HOUD , PEACE BE
UPON HIM: A prophet sent to the tribe of 'Ad. 'Ad Surah
11 of the Holy Qur'an.
A Famous plain ten miles from Makkah on the way to Jeddah. Site
of the peace pact between the Muslims and the pagan Quraish in the year
6AH. This treaty paved the way for the spread of Islam. Surat
al-Fath (Surah 48 of the Holy Qur’an) commemorates this
event. Allah Ta’ala called it "Fathan Mubeena" ( Manifest
Victory). See Holy Qur’an, Al-Fath (48):1-4.
HUDOOD: The Boundary limits between what is Halal
(Lawful) and what is Haram (Unlawful), set by Allah Ta’ala.
Whoever transgresses these limits may be punished or forgiven by Allah.
Persons who have been on pilgrimage to Makkah during the Hajj season in
the month of Dhul Hijjah. Singular: Hajj = a male pilgrim, Hajah
= a female pilgrim.
Courtyard or a room.
closest equivalent in the English is "Verdict". It usually
applies to a judgement on legal issues, especially with regard to
"The Scandalmonger". Surah 104 of the Holy Qur’an.
HUMS: The Quraish tribe, together with their
offsprings and allies, were called "Hums". The word was meant
to be taken as meaning "strictness and enthusiasm", because they
thought themselves to be Allah’s people, thus regarding themselves as
being superior to other.
Valley on the road from Makkah to Taif. Site of a famous battle that
took place immediately after the conquest of Makkah in 8AH, between the
Muslim army consisting of about 10, 000-12,000 men and the combined
forces of the Hawazin and Thaqeef which amounted to 4,000 men. After a
surprise attack and a near defeat, the Muslims managed to completely
crush the enemy. See Holy Qur’an. At-Taubah (9):24-25.
The seventh and deepest level of the Nar
(Hellfire). This is where the religious hypocrites will spend eternity.
The worst of Allah’s creation are the Munafiqeen (hypocrites),
whether they be mankind or Jinn, because they ‘accept’ Allah and His
Messenger with their tongues, but deny this ‘acceptance’ by their
actions. See Jahanam.