The Jews call Ezra a Son of Allah
and the Christians call the Messiah the Son of Allah from their mouths;
they imitate what unbelievers used to say in the past. Allah’s curse be
on them. How they are deleted away from the truth. At-Tawbah (9):30
Surely, the similitude of Jesus
before is as that of Adam: He created him from dust, then said to him
"Be" and he was. Aali ‘Imran (3):59
O People of the Book! Why do you
dispute about Abraham, when the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed
until after him? Have you no understanding? Aali ‘Imran (3):67
Acts of worship and adoration in utmost
submission and obedience and with utmost love to Allah Ta’ala. In other
words, a term that indicates all that pleases Allah, including sayings
and actions of the heart or limbs. Love, fear, reverence, desire
(hope), trust and sincerity are some forms of worship from within the
heart. Prayers, attending to someone’s needs, invocation, supplication
and sacrifices are some forms of worship of limbs. Ibadah is to worship
Allah as He wishes to be worshipped. See Arkan.
Jinn who disobeyed Allah Ta’ala and was expelled from His mercy. It was
Iblis who tempted Adam and his wife Hawwa (Eve), peace be on them, to
approach the forbidden tree. He is also known as Shaitan (Satan). See
Shaitan. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):130, 135. Surah 19 of the Holy
IIDDAT: Also spelled as ‘Iddat. A limited period of
waiting after divorce and before re-marriage prescribed by Islamic law,
so as to avoid any confusion regarding the paternity of any child born
after the new marriage. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):231-235,
At-Talaq (6 5):4-7.
special type of pleasant- scented grass found in the Hijaz area of
Saudi Arabia. Also known as Adhkar.
BE ON HIM: Enoch, A prophet of Islam and a man of truth and
wisdom. See Holy Qur’an, Maryan (19):56-57, Al-Anbiyah (21):85.
AL): "Single Hajj". Performance of Hajj without
doing Umra. See Hajj.
Usually spelled as ‘Ifreet. An evil Jinn. He is large, powerful and
very crafty. Plural: ‘Afreet. See Holy Qur’an, An-Naml (27):39.
Breaking of the fast immediately after sunset. Iftar takes place at
Maghreb as soon as the Adhan is called.
IHRAM:?(1). The state in
which one is prohibited from doing certain things which are lawful at
other times. Umra and Hajj are performed in such a state. (2).
When one assumes such a state one must declare mentally and orally that
he or she is assuming such a state for the purpose of Umra or Hajj.
Then one must recite the Talbiyah. See Talbiyah. (3). Dress:
Men. It consists of two pieces of unstitched cloth: i). Rida -
worn around the upper part of the body. ii). Izar- Worn below
the waist. b). Women. Any full length dress which covers the
entire body except for the hands and face, and is inconspicuous, i.e.
it does not attract attention in any way whatsoever (tight, colorful,
etc.). (4). Behavior: Both men and women are not permitted to
trim their hair or nails, wear perfume, harm or kill any living thing,
including insects, or damage any plant or tree. They should avoid
argument and loss of temper. Sexual intercourse between spouses is also
Highest level of obedience in worship, i.e. to be aware of and sincere
to Allah Ta’ala and to be eager to do all good deeds. It is to worship
Allah as if you see Him, knowing that, although you do not see Him,
Allah sees you.
Consensus. What all the Ulamaa (the people of knowledge) from among the
Muslims are agreed upon.
exercise personal judgment based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah. See Qiyaas.
"The Complete Faith". Surah 112 of the Holy
Sincerity of the heart in worship and purity of intention.For any
worship to be accepted by Allah it must be entirely for His sake, and
not for other-than-Him.
path taken by a husband that he will not have sexual relations with his
wife for a certain period of time. If this continues for longer than
four months, then it is considered a divorce.
Derived from Ilhahd which means deviation. It includes: Comparing Allah
to anything, or any of His Attributes to those of His Creation. Denying
any of Allah’s Attributes or altering their true meanings. Using
Allah’s Names to describe anything in His Creation. To label Him with a
name with which He has not named Himself. e.g. "Father". To attribute
any deficiencies to Him. The person who practices Ilhad is called Mulhid.
ILLYOUN: A place in Jannah (Paradise). Literally means
"High places", but its exact nature is known only to Allah Ta’ala. All
we know about it is that it is where the record of the righteous is
kept. In contrast, the record of the evil-doers is kept in Sijjin. See
Holy Qur’an, Al-Mutafifeen (83):18-21.
Usually spelled as ‘Ilm. Knowledge.
Knowledge of Allah Ta’ala. No created being has any knowledge
except what Allah permits him to know. Therefore, all that man
possesses is a gift from?Allah, but most of mankind and the Jinn are
unthankful. However much you know, you only know a little.
BE ON HIM: Elijah. A prophet
of Islam. See Holy Qur’an, Al-An’am (6):85, ‘As-Saffat
person who leads the prayer. A Muslim Khalifah. A famous Muslim scholar
MURSALEEN: The leader of all the messengers. One of the
titles of the Holy prophet Muhammad, may the blessing and peace of
Allah be on him and them.
faith and acceptance. Having faith and believing in: Allah Ta’ala. To
affirm with the tongue, believe in the heart and confirm through action
the following: a). His Existence b). his Lordship c).
His Worship d). His names and Attributes.
Belief in His angels. Belief in His
revealed Books. Belief in His messengers, without making any
distinction between them. Belief in the last Hour and the judgment and
the Fire and the Garden. Belief in the Divine decrees of Allah Ta’ala,
both the good and the evil. See Holy Qur’an, al-Baqara (2):285.
See Aali ‘Imran.
IMSAAK: Start of the fasting time. Imsaak begins when
the first light of dawn becomes visible, at Fajr when the Adhan
is mistakenly understood, by some, to be The New Testament that the
Nasara (Christian) have today. The Ingeel that is referred to in the
Holy Qur’an is the original scripture that was revealed to the Prophet
Isa (Jesus), peace be on him, by Allah through the Angel Jibreel
(Gabriel), peace be on him, and not the New Testament which was written
by Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, and others.
INS WAL JINN:
Mankind and Jinn. See Jinn.
"Human". Another name for Ad-Dhar. Surah 76 of
"If Allah wills". It is forbidden to say "I will do such
and such tomorrow," without saying afterwards, "Insha-Allah".
"Reading Asunder". Surah 84 of the Holy Qur’an.
"The Expanding". Surah 94 of the
Holy Qur’an. also known as Al-Sharah .
IQAMA: The call which announces to the congregation that the
obligatory prayer is just about to begin. The statements are the same
as the Adhan, but in a shortened form, such that if a statement is
repeated four times during the Adhan, then it is repeated twice during
AS-SALAT: Performing the Salat in a
perfect manner. This is understood by most Muslims as having only one
meaning, but it has two: 1). Performing the prayer in exactly
the same manner as the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant
him peace, used to pray. Sahi Bukhari, Hadith 737, Vol. 1. 2).
Establishing the prayer. Every person in a Muslim society who is seven
years or more must pray - women in their house and men in the Masjid
(mosques). Every head, be he head of the family or chief of the town,
will be held responsible for the missed prayers of those under him, as
well as his own.
"Read". Another name for Suratul Al-’Alaq . Surah 96
of the Holy Qur’an.
AL): A major act of Kufr. Knowingly turning away
from and rejecting or covering up the Divine Truth. See Kufr.
Capital city of the ancient people of ‘Ad in the Yemen. It was famous
for its lofty pillars. Some scholars say Iram was a hero of the people
of ‘Ad who built a lofty statues of him. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Fajr
ISA, PEACE BE
UPON HIM: One of the greatest prophets and messengers of
Islam. He is also known as Isa ibn Mariam (Jesus, Son of Mary) ad isa
al-Maseeh (Jesus the Messiah, Jesus Christ). The Jews and the Christian
have both blasphemed against the Prophet Isa, peace be on him. The jews
reject him completely, while the Christians have elevated him to the
level of Allah and or Son of Allah. The concept of such divinity is
rejected in the Bible by the Prophet Isa himself (in parts of the Bible
which have not yet been altered)
1). According to 1 Timothy 2:5,
There is One God, and one mediator between God and men, the ‘MAN’
Christ Jesus." Notice the words "man" and "mediator". Are the
Christians trying to say that Allah is the mediator and that the Bible
is wrong? Do they not realize that Allah is so supreme in glory that He
does not mediate? Ask the Christian how else they can explain this
verse. Warn them that Allah’s wrath will be on those who knowingly hide
or void the Divine Truth. 2). According to Matthew 24:36,
Jesus, peace be on him, has no knowledge of the time of the Hour. Are
the Christians trying to say that Allah lacks knowledge. 3).According
to Matthew 14:23, Jesus, peace be on him, went into hills to pray. Are
the Christians trying to say that Allah needs to pray, and if so, then
to whom? 4). "But in vain do they worship me, teaching for
doctrines the commandments of men." Matthew 15:9. Isa himself confir?ed
the prophecy of Isaiah that the people would worship him in vain and
believe in doctrines made by men. The truth is that Jesus, peace be on
him, spoke the truth, but it is the Christian who, in his name, have
invented lies against him. Allah is one. He did not beget nor was He
The fifth and last Fard Salat (Prayer). It's time starts about one and
a half hours after sunset, when the redness has disappeared from the
night sky and the stars have appeared, and ends a little before dawn.
BE UPON HIM: Isaac. A prophet of Islam. He was the second
son of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), peace be on him. He was thirteen
years younger than his brother, Prophet Ismael (Ishmael), peace be on
him. Mary, mother of Jesus, peace be on them, was a descendant from
Ishaq. See Holy Qur’an, al-An’am (6):84, As-Saffat (37):112-113.
AS-SAMMA’: Wearing of clothes in two ways: 1).
covering one shoulder and leaving the other bare. 2). Wrapping
oneself (white sitting) in such a way that one’s garment do not
entirely hide the private parts.
ISLAM: Literally means "Submission to the will
of Allah." It is for this reason that Allah Himself names His life
transaction "al-Islam" and described all the followers of this way of
life, in every age, as "Muslim". The life transaction of Allah
has five pillars , all of which must be strictly adhered to in word,
deed and sincere belief. The five pillars of Islam are as follows:
1). Shahadatain. Bearing
witness. All Muslims must believe in and utter Shahadatain. First Shahada:
Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa l’lah. (I bear witness that there is no
deity worthy of worship except Allah.) Second Shahadah: Ash-hadu anna
Muhammad Rasoolullah. (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of
Allah.) 2). Salat. Prayers. To do all the five
compulsory daily prayers regularly in the exact manner as was practiced
by the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 3).
Seeam. Fasting also spelled as Saum. To fast in the
Month of Ramadan. 4). Zakat. Wealth tax. To pay 2.5 of
one’s yearly savings above a certain amount to the poor and needy
Muslims. the Zakat is compulsory on all Muslims who have saved
(at least) the equivalent of 85g of 24 carat gold at the time when the
annual Zakat payment is due. Zakat payment is due. Zakat
refer to the relevant books written on the subject. 5). Hajj.
Pilgrimage. To perform the pilgrimage to the Holy City of Makkah at
least once in one’s lifetime (if one is able to afford it). See Holy
Qur’an, Al-Maidah (5):3.
BE ON HIM: Ishmael. A prophet of Islam. The first son of
Ibrahim (Abraham), peace on him, thirteen years older than his brother,
the Prophet Ishaq (Isaac), peace be on him. It was through the lineage
of Ismael that the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him
peace, was born. He helped his father Ibrahim to raise the foundations
of the Holy Kaaba, Al-Baqara (2):125-129, Maryam (19):54-55.
"The night Journey". Another name for Bani Israel. Surah
17 of the Holy Qur’an.
Allah Ta’ala's forgiveness for one’s own misdeeds, and his protection
from the misdeeds of others.
Asking Allah the Almighty to guide one to the right decision and
action regarding a particular problem. The Istikhara Salat
consist of two Rak’as. A special invocation See Sahi
Bukhari, Hadith 263, Vol.2.
Cleaning the privates parts after urinating or passing stool,
preferably using water.
ISTISQA: Invoking Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala for rain
at the time of a drought. The Istisqa Salat consist of two
Rak’as. See Bukhari, Hadith 119, Vol. 2.
(TAWHEED AL): 1). Unity in following the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless
him and grant him peace. To believe in and a recite the words "Ashadu
anna Muhammadar Rasoolullah" (I bear witness that Muhammad is the
Messenger of Allah) and to follow the way of the Holy Prophet Muhammad,
as much as one is able, in life and worship. 2). Full belief in
any matter proven to be authentic about the Holy Prophet Muhammad. 3).
Obedience and following. 4). To give priority to the Sunnah
above any other way of life. See Tawheed.
Usually spelled as ‘Itikaf. Being secluded in a Masjid while
fasting for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah. The person who is in
the state of ‘Itikaf must not leave the Masjid unless it is absolutely
necessary, e.g. answering the call of nature or to alleviate the
problems and burdens of a fellow Muslim. There are two types of ‘Itikaf:
1). Fard. Compulsory when one
promises Allah to do ‘Itika if Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala answers
his invocation, e.g."I promise to do ‘Itikaf for seven days if my son
is cured." If Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala answers his du’a, then the
‘Itikaf of seven days becomes a Fard. 2). Sunnah.
Voluntary. Voluntary practice. Following the tradition of the Holy
Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and doing
the ‘Itikaf during the last ten days of Ramadan. See Bukhari,
Hadith 242, Vol.3.
IZAR: A cloth worn by men (below the waist).