Major Sins


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  • Major Sins


  • 1) Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)

    The worst major sin is Shirk. It is of two kinds:

    1. a)To hold that Allah has an equal, whereas He has created you, and to worship another with Him, whether it be a stone, tree, sun, moon, prophet, sheikh, star, angel or other. This is the greatest shirk mentioned by Allah, the Most High, the Almighty, says,

    {Allah forgiveth not (the sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this; one who joins other gods with Allah hath strayed far, far away (from the right).}

                                                                                                                                                          (An-Nisa:l16)

     

    {False worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing.}                                                                   (Luqman:13)

     

    {Whoever joins other gods with Allah; Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire will be his abode.}                                                                                                                                                                                             (Al-Ma'idah:72)

    The Qur'anic verses concerning this are very numerous. It is being absolutely certain that whoever ascribes associates to Allah and dies in such a state is one of Hell's inhabitants, just as whoever believes in Allah and dies as a believer is one of the inhabitants of Paradise, even if be should be punished first.

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

               "Shall I tell you of the worst major sins? Worshipping others with Allah, showing disrespect to parents, giving a false statement, and testifying to the truth of a falsehood. And he kept repeating it until we were telling ourselves (out of sympathy for him because of the strain of repeating it), "If only he would be silent.”[1]

    "Avoid the seven heinous sins.”[2]

           and he mentioned ascribing associates to Allah.

               "Kill whoever converted his religion (Islam).” [3]

    1. b) Ostentation

           Allah, the Most High, says,

    {Whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteous, and, in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.}                                                                                                                              (AL-Kahf:llO)

     

    i.e., does not show off in good works

    "Beware of the lesser shirk." They asked, "What is the lesser shirk?" He said, "Showing off in good works. Allah, the Almighty will say when recompensing the mankind for their deeds: Go to those whom you showed off to in the world to see how they could recompense you. .” [4]

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "If anybody associates something with Me, I am not affect­ed. If anyone associates somebody with Me, in any way, I reject him and his act of associating.”[5]

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "A person who does some good work in order to boast will have his faults exposed by Allah Most High and a person whose motive in doing some good deed is to show it, Allah the Most High will treat him as a hypocrite.”[6]

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

                "There may be a faster who does not gain from his fasting but hunger and thirst.”

    A wise man said, "Just as the one who shows off in good works is the one who fills his purse with pebbles and leaves for the market to buy food. If he opened it before the seller he will be stoned with it in his face. He gains nothing but the people's inquiry about what fills his purse, nothing more. Thus, the one who shows off in good works will have no value but the people's saying that he did good and he will not be rewarded in the Hereafter."

    Allah, the Almighty, says,

    {And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did (in this life), and We shall make such deed as floating dust scattered about.}                                                                                                               (AI-Furqan:23)

     

    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "On the Day of Judgment some groups of people will be brought near Paradise. Having smelt its fragrance, and seen palaces and blessings therein, they will hear a call saying "Take them away, it is not for them." Accordingly, they return so sorrowful that no one could have such feeling. They will call upon Allah, "0 Lord were we entered into the Hell-Fire before seeing what You have prepared for Your Friends, it would have been better." Then Allah will say, That is what I want. When you were alone you defied Me with grievous sins, but when you meet people you showed off in good works, You only respected people not Me, You only refrain (from things) for their sake. Hence, today, I will severely torment you in addition to depriving you from My bountiful reward.” [7]

     

    It was related that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (pbuh)

    "How can I be redeemed?" The Prophet said, "If you do not deceive Allah" The man asked, "How is Allah deceived?" He replied, "When you do something which Allah and His Messenger commanded you to do but you intended other than pleasing Allah. Beware of ostentation, it is the lesser shirk (polytheism); On the Day of Judgment, the ostentatious will be called at the presence of all creatures by four names: O Ostentatious, traitors, O corrupt, loser; what you did is wasted and your reward is nullified. We will not reward you, go and get your reward from whomever you acted to deceive?” [8]

    A wise man was asked, "Who is the sincere one?" He replied, "It is he who hides his good deeds as he does with his bad deeds." Someone asked, "What is the good of sincerity?" He said, "When you dislike to be praised by people."

    Al-Fudail Ibn Eiad, may Allah be pleased with him said, "To refrain from an action for the sake of people is ostentation. To do something for their sake is shirk (polytheism). But sincerity is to be aware of them.

           O Allah! Let us be away from them and forgive us.

     

    2) Killing A Human Being

    Allah, the Almighty, says,

    {If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (for ever); and the wrath and curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful chastisement is prepared for him.}

                                                                                                                                           (An-Nisa:93)

    {Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,' and any that does this (not only) meets punishment.}

                                                       (Al-Furqan:68)

    {On that account: We ordained for the children of Israel that if anyone slew a person -unless it be for murder 'or for spreading mischief in the land -it would be as if he slew the whole people.}                                                       (AI- Ma'ida:32)

    {When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -for what crime she killed.}  

                                                                                                                                                   (Al- Takwir: 8-9)

      The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Avoid the seven heinous sins."

    And he mentioned taking one's life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice.

              It was related that someone asked the Prophet (pbuh),

    "What is the most heinous sin in the sight of Allah?" The Prophet replied, "To hold that Allah has an equal whereas He has created you." .The man asked, "What else?" The Prophet said, "To kill your child lest he feeds with you." The man asked, "What else?" He said, "To commit adultery with your neighbor's wife.” [9]

    Therefore, Allah, the Almighty, revealed,

    {Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,. and any that does this (not only) meets punishment.} 

                                                                                                                                                        (Al-Furqan:68)

    It was related that the Messenger of Allah said,

      "When two Muslims meet with drawn sword, both the slayer and the slain are in the Hell." It was said, "0 Mes­senger of Allah, that is for the slayer. But why the slain?" He replied, "Because his intention was to kill the other.”[10]

    Abu Suliman Al-Khitabi commented, "Such punishment does not apply to a legal and justifiable combat. They entail this abode if they fight one another out of enmity, fanaticism, to acquire some worldly benefit or a position of leadership. Thus, out of this pole is the one who fights against an aggressive Muslim if he follows the rules of fighting and the one who defends himself without intending to kill the opponent. Whoever fights against an aggressive Muslim or a highway robber, should not seek to kill them. Rather he should try to deter him as much as he can. When they refrain we should refrain. The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "You should not turn an unbeliever when I am no more (among you) and start killing and shedding blood among yourselves.” [11]

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "The first thing among human beings to be adjudicated on the Day of Judgment, will be the blood claim.” [12]

    "Taking a believer's life is more grievous in Allah's sight than the perishing of this world.” [13]

    "The major sins are worshipping others with Allah, showing disrespect to parents, killing a human being, and the break­ing one's oath.”[14]

            It is termed engulfing because it overwhelms its swearer in the Fire.

    "For all the murders committed in this world without any justification, prophet Adam's son, Qabil will get a share of punishment, because it was he who inaugurated the method                 of killing by murdering his brother Habil.”[15]

    If this is the abode of he who kills a covenant man then what about killing a Muslim?

          The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever killed anyone of the people of the covenant will never get the aroma of paradise which can be smelt from forty years away.”[16]

    "Whoever helps in killing a Muslim even by just a part of a word, he will meet Allah with the written phrase on his forehead "Despondent of Allah's Mercy.”[17]

    "Every sin might be forgiven by Allah except for a man dying an unbeliever or a man killing a believer  deliberately.” [18]

     

     

    3) Sorcery

    Sorcery is a major sin because the sorcerer must necessarily disbe­lieve and the accursed Devil has no other motive for teaching a person witchcraft than that he might thereby ascribe associates to Allah.

    Allah, the Almighty, says,

    {Solomon did not disbelieve but Satan disbelieved, teaching men magic, and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (such things) without saying, 'We are only for trial,' so do not blaspheme.' They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not harm anyone except by Allah's permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what profited them. And they knew that the buyers of (magic) would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter.}                                                                                   (AI- Baqarah: 102)

    Thus, you might find some people who are astray delving in learn­ing sorcery and thinking that it is just unlawful. Actually, they do not consider what they do as disbelief, but it is! They embark on learning all kinds of sorcery: Pure sorcery, increasing or decreasing the love between a man and a woman, making a man important and the like.

            All of these practices are done by means of some unknown words, most of which lead to unbelief.

            The penalty for a sorcerer is to be killed. This is because he is an unbeliever. The Prophet (pbuh) said,

                 "Avoid the seven heinous sins.”[19]

              And he mentioned sorcery.

                 "The penalty for a sorcerer is the sword.”[20]

              Bijalah Ibn Abah related, 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) came to us one year before his death and said,

    "Kill every sorcerer (male or female).”[21]

    Wahb Ibn Munabbih said, "I read in a book: 'Allah the Almighty says, 'There is no god but Me. He is not of Me who practices sorcery, or asks someone to practice with him. The one who foretells or the fore­told, the one who seeks an omen or for whom an omen is sought.” [22]

    `Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said, A for­tuneteller is a sorcerer, a sorcerer is a disbeliever."

            Abu Musa AI-Ashari, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

               "The drunkard, the one who severs the ties of kinship, and whoever believes in sorcery will not enter Paradise.”[23]

            Ibn Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Incantations, amulets and spells are Shirk (polytheism).”[24]

     

    These are treated as Shirk because the ignorant believes that these things can affect what has been predetermined by Allah. However, AI­Khattabi said, "Incantations or healing words are permitted if they consist of the Qur'an or the Most Beautiful Names of Allah."

    The Prophet (pbuh) used to recite (incantate) AI-Hasan and Al­Husain by saying,

              "I seek refuge for you in Allah's Perfect Words from every Devil, beast or envious .” [25]

     

     

    4) Not Performing the Prayer

    Allah, the Most High, says,

    {But after them there followed a posterity who missed Prayers and followed after lusts soon, then, will they face destruction, except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness.}

                                                      (Maryam: 59-60) Commenting on the above verses (Ayat), Ibn 'Abbas said,

    "Allah's statement, "Who missed Prayers does not mean that they did not perform it at all but rather they did not perform it in its due time.”

    Sa'id Ibn AI-Mussaiyyib, Imam of the Tabi'een (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "It is he who postpones the Dhuhr (Early Afternoon Prayer) until the time of Asr Prayer (Late Afternoon Prayer) and so are Maghrib (Sunset Prayer) until' /sha' (Evening Prayer), /sha until Fajr (Dawn Prayer) and Fajr until the sun rises. If someone dies persisting in such habits and does not repent to Allah, Allah promises to make him face Ghayy (destruction). But Ghayy may also be the name of a valley in the Hell whose bottom is so deep and tastes so bitter.

    Allah, the Most High, says,

    {So woe to the worshipers who are neglectful of their Prayer.}                                                 (Ma'un: 4-5)

     

    Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas related, "I asked the Prophet (pbuh) about the meaning of "the worshipers who are neglectful of their Prayer.' He said, "It is the delaying of performing the Prayer in its definite time." The word (Wayl) in the Ayah may refer to severe torture or it may be the name of a valley in the Hell. Were the whole mountains of the world brought in such valley it would melt because of severe heat. This is the abode of those who are not serious in Prayer unless they re­pent to Allah and regret for what they have done.

    Allah, the Almighty, says,

    {O ye who believe! Let not your riches or your children di­vert you from the remembrance of Allah, if any act thus, surely they are the losers.}

                                                                                                               (AI-Munafiqun: 9)

            The exegetes said, "The remembrance of Allah in the above Ayah means the five daily Prayers. Therefore, whoever preoccupies himself with his property, trade, livelihood or children rather performing Prayer in its definite time will be a loser.

            The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "The first of one's works that he shall be called to account for on the Day of Judgment is the Prayer. If he performed it well, he will be prosperous. Otherwise, he will be loser.”[26]

            Allah, the Most High, says,

    {What led you into Hell-Fire? They will say, 'We were not of those who prayed, nor were we of those who feed the indigent. But we used to talk vanities with vain talkers, and we used to deny the Day of Judgment until there came to us (the Hour) that is certain. Then will no intercession of any intercessor profit them.}

                                                                                                                                                     (Al-Muddathir: 42-48)

     

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "The covenant between us and them consists of the Prayer:Whoever leaves it has disbelieved.” [27]

      It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "Between a man and unbelief is the nonperformance of the Prayer.”[28]

    "Whoever neglects the Prayer of 'Asr (Late Afternoon Prayer) will have his deeds vain.”[29]

    "Whoever neglects the Prayer intentionally will be free from Allah's covenant.”[30]

    "I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah and perform the Prayer, and pay Za­kah. If they say it, they have saved their blood and posses­sions from me, except for the right of Islam over them, and their final reckoning is with Allah.”[31]

    "Whoever keeps on performing Prayers (in its due time), it will be a light, a proof and redemption for him on the Day of Judgment. Otherwise, he will be assembled with Pha­raoh, Qarun Haman and 'Ubai Ibn Khalaf .”[32]

    'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said,

    "Whoever neglects the Prayer is beyond the pole of Islam.”[33]

    One of the scholars of sacred knowledge said, "He (the one who neglects the Prayer) will be assembled with these four people because he is either preoccupied from performing Prayer by property, king­dom, ministry or trade. If he is preoccupied by wealth, he will be as­sembled with Qarun. If by kingdom, he will be with Pharaoh. If by ministry, he will be with Haman and if by trade, he will be with Ubai Ibn Khalaf."

            Mu'adh Ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the    Prophet (pbuh) said,

               "Whoever intentionally missed an obligatory Prayer there­  by becomes an unbeliever.”[34]

    'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab said, "A man came to the Messenger of Al­lah and asked, "O Messenger of Allah, what are most beloved deeds to Allah in Islam?" The Messenger said, "To perform Prayers on time, and whoever neglect Prayers has no religion. Prayers are the pillar of Islam..”[35]

    When Umar was stabbed he was called to Prayer and replied by saying, "Yes, whoever misses Prayer is non-Muslim." He then prayed while bleeding."

    'Abdullah Ibn Shaqiq, one of the Tabi'een, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Prophet's Companions did not view the nonper­formance of anything as unbelief besides the Prayers.”[36]

              When' Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was asked about a woman who did not Prayers, he said, "Whoever neglects Prayers is un­believer."

    Ibn Mas'ud also said,

    "Whoever does not pray is an infidel."

    Ibn 'Abbas stated, "Whoever intentionally missed an obligatory Prayer entails Allah's wrath when he dies."

    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever dies neglecting the Prayers, Allah will not regard any of his good deeds.” [37]

    Ibn Hazm said, "The most heinous sins next to Shirk (polytheism) are the delayment of Prayers and taking a life of a believer except for just cause." Ibrahim An-Nakh'i also said, "Whoever leaves the Prayers has disbelieved."

    Moreover, 'Aun Ibn 'Abdullah said, "When a servant is laid in his grave, he will be asked, first about the Prayers. If it is accepted, his other works will be examined. If not, nothing will be examined any more."

    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "When a servant performed a Prayer on time, it will rise skyward enveloped with light until it reaches the Throne. There, it asks forgiveness to its doer up to the Day of Judgment, and says, "May Allah preserve you as you have preserved me." But if the servant performs a Prayer out of its time, it will rise skyward enveloped with darkness. When it reaches the sky, it will be folded as an old cloth and then kicked back to the doer's face and says, "May Allah make you lose as you missed me.”[38]

    'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr Ibn AI-As related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Allah does not accept the Prayers of three people: whoever leads a group of people who dislike him, whoever prays af­ter missing the due time of the Prayer, and he who enslaved someone after freeing him.”[39]

    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever joins two Prayers together without a legal ex­cuse, he then commits a major sin.”[40]

    When should a child be ordered to perform the Prayer?

            The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "When a boy reaches the age of seven years, teach him the Prayers (Salat), and punish him, when he commits a default (in his Prayers) at the age often years.” [41]

    It was related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "When your children attain the age of seven years, ask them to perform the Prayer and chastise them in respect of any fault in this behalf; when they are ten years old, let them sleep in separate beds.” [42]

             Imlam Sulyman AI-Khattabi (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "This hadith indicates that the punishment of nonperformance of the Prayer increases when the child reaches puberty. Some disciples of Imam Shafi'i cited the above hadith as an evidence to kill the child if he persisted to neglect the Prayer purposely 'after reaching puberty. They assumed that if he deserves to be struck while still a child thus he should rather face more severe punishment after reaching puberty and nothingcan be lost severe than death.

    There are differences among Islamic legal scholars as to the judgment of he who neglects the Prayer. Malik, Shafi'i and Ahmed all hold that the one who misses the Prayer is executed. Then they differ as regards his belief, should they call him an unbeliever or not (incase of neglectil1g the Prayer without a legal excuse)? The opinion that such a person become an unbeliever has been ascribed to Ibrahim An­Nakh'iy, AYyub As-Sakhtiyani, 'Abdullah Ibn AI-Mubarak, Ahmed Ibn Hambal and Ishaq Ibn Rahawyah. Those who hold that whoever misses a Prayer becomes an unbeliever adduce the following evi­dence:

    The ProPhet (pbuh) said,

              "The covenant between us and them consists of the Prayer: whoever leaves it has disbelieved.”[43]

    The Messenger also said,

    "Between a man between unbelief is the nonperformance of the Prayer.”[44]

     

     

    The Benefits of Performing Prayers:

            The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever keeps on performing the prescribed Prayer, Allah will grant him five honorable rewards: he will lead a happy life, avoid the torment in the grave, receive his record by his right hand, cross Sirat (the bridge on Fire) as swift as lightening and enter Paradise without being reckoned. But who is remiss in performing the Prayer, Allah will make him suffer fifteen kind of punishment, five in this world, three when dying, three in the grave, and three when being resurrected. The worldly punishments are: he loses the glamor (the blessing) of his life span, the righteous appear­ance diminishes from his face, he works in vain, he will not have his supplications answered and he will not make use of the righteous people's supplications.

    When dying: he dies humiliated, hungry, thirsty even if he drinks all the rivers of the world. In the grave: he will be compressed so tightly that his ribs permute, blazing in fire day and night and will face a bald-headed poisonous male serpent with two black spots over its eyes which are created of Fire and the fingernails of iron; each fingernail is equal to the distance covered in a day. It will address the deceased in a very roaring sound like thunder saying, "I am the bald­headed poisonous male serpent, My Lord commanded me to beat you for missing the Fajr Prayer until sunrise, the Dhuhr until Asr, Asr Prayer until Maghrib, Maghrib Prayer until 'Isha' and Ish until Fajr."

    Whoever he strikes him, he sinks in the earth for seventy arms deep and he will keep sinking therein until the Day of Judgment.

    Eventually, when being resurrected from his grave, he will be risen up with three lines written on his face: 1) You ne­glect Allah's right 2) You got Allah's wrath 3) As you have neglected Allah's right in the world, you should despair His Mercy on this Day.”[45]

    Ibn 'Abbas said, "On the Day of Judgment, a man is brought be­fore Allah. Then Allah issues a command to cast him into Fire. The man asks Allah, "O My Lord, why? Allah, then, replies, "Because you neglected to perform the Prayer in its time and you swear falsely by Me."

    "One day the Prophet (pbuh) said before his Companions:

    "O Allah, let not any of us wretched or deprived." Then, he said, "Do you know who the wretched and deprived is? “They said, "Who is that, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "The one who neglects the Prayer. “[46]

    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "The first faces that will turn dark on the Day of Judgment are the faces of those who neglect the Prayer. In the Hell­Fire.. there is a valley called AI-Malham that contains serpents. Each serpent is as fat as a camel's neck and its length is equal to the distance covered in a day. Then, it stings the one who neglects the Prayer, the poison boils in his body for seventy years then the flesh is torn out.”[47]

    Once, an Israelite woman came to Musa (pbuh) and said, "0 Mes­senger of Allah, I committed a grievous sin but I repented to Allah. So may you invoke Allah to forgive me and accept my repentance?" Musa said, "What was your sin?" She replied, "I committed adultery and then gave birth to a child whom I killed." Musa (pbuh) said, "Go away corrupt woman lest the fire strike from the sky and bum us." Ac­cordingly, the woman went out with a broken heart. Then, Jibreel (Ga­breal) lauded and said, "O Musa, Allah the Almighty asked you, why you rejected the penitent woman. Have not you found anyone worst than her?" Musa asked, "Who is that Jibreel?" He replied, "The one who intentionally neglects the Prayer."

    Mas'ud AI-Badri related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "A Prayer is not valid if one's back is not upright after bow­ing and prostration.” [48]

    Thus, he who prays should remain motionless for a moment while bowing, prostrating, standing etc.

    It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "The worst thief is he who steals from his Prayer.” Someone asked, "How?" He answered, "When he does not bow, pros­trate or recite therein perfectly.” [49]

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

                    "Allah does not look to a man who does not rise his back upright and prostration.”[50]

    "This the Prayer of a hypocrite who watches the sun until he finds it about to set, then he stands and performs it as quick as a bird picking the seeds and he hardly remembers Allah in it.”[51]

     

    Abdullah AI-Ash'ari related, One day the Prophet (pbuh) led the companions in the Prayer. After finishing the Prayer, someone came in to pray. He started to pray so fast that he could hardly remain motionless for a moment while bowing or prostrating. Meanwhile, the Prophet (pbuh) said, "Behold, if this man dies, he dies believing in a religion other than Muhammad's."

    'Umar Ibn AI-Khattab related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever prays is surrounded by two angels on right and left. If he performed it properly, they take it and ascend to Al­lah, the Almighty. Otherwise, they struck his face with it.” [52]

    'Ubadah Ibn As-Aumit related, the Prophet (pbuh) said,

     "Whoever makes ablution properly and performs properly the integrals of Prayer: bowing, prostration and recitation therein, the Prayer says, "May Allah preserve you as you preserve me.” Then the Prayer is risen up skyward enveloped with light. When approaching the heaven 's gates, it will find it opened. So it keeps on rising up until it reaches Allah. There, it intercedes for the one who performed it. But if he does not perform (its integral) properly: bowing, prostration or recitation therein, the Prayer says, "May Allah neglect you as you neglected me..”  Then, the Prayer is risen up skyward enveloped with darkness. Approaching the gates of heaven, it will find it closed. Then, it will be folded as an old cloth and kicked back to the doer's face.”[53]

    Salman AI-Farisi narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    “The Prayer is a measure. Whoever gives a just measure, he will be rewarded in full. Whoever stints, you know what Al­lah says about the stinters. "

    Allah, the Almighty says,

    {Woe to the stinters.}

                                                                                                                                                      (AI-Mutafifeen:l)

     

    The stinter is he who stints when weighing or measuring out goods or Prayers. Allah promises to punish them with Wail. A valley in the Hell-Fire from its heat the Hell itself seeks refuge. We seek Allah's refuge from it.

    Ibn ' Abbas narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

                                                                                       .

    "Whoever prostrates should place his forehead, nose and hands on the floor, as Allah has revealed upon me to pros­trate on five organs: Forehead, nose, the palms of hands, the knees and feet. I have also not to prostrate on hair nor cloths. Thus, .whoever prostrates improperly, the organ that fails to touch the floor will curse him until he completes the Prayer.” [54]

     

    AI-Bukhari reported on the authority of Huzayfa Ibn AI- Yamman (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that he once noticed a man praying but he bowed and prostrated improperly. He said to hi,: "You did not pray. If you die, you will die believing in a religion other than Muhammad's (pbuh).”[55]

    In Abu Dawud's narration, the above hadith is reported as follow­ing, "How long have you prayed in this manner?" He said, "Forty years ago;" He said, "You did not pray forty years ago and if you died you would die believing in a religion other than Muhammed's (pbuh)."

    AI-Hassan AI-Basri used to say, "O son of Adam what is dearer to you of your religion than Prayers. It is the first thing that you will be called to account for on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "The first of people works that they should be called to ac­count for on the Day of Judgment is the Prayer. Our Lord, Holly and Exalted will say to His angels, while knowing better than they, "Look at the Prayer of My servant. Did he perform it in full, or fall short of it?" If it is in order, then he will have prospered ad succeeded; if it is wanting, then he will have failed and lost. While if anything is missing from it, He will say, "Look to see if My servant has any supere­rogatory worship.” And if he has, Allah will say, "Complete My servant's obligatory Prayers for him from his supere­rogatory ones. And he will be dealt with likewise in his other works.”[56]

            Hence, we should increase our supererogatory worshipping to complete the obligatory ones if they fall shorter.

    The punishment of he who misses the congregational Prayer though he is able to do, Allah, the Almighty Says,

    {The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to prostrate, but they shall not be able, their eyes will be cast down, ignominy will cover them; seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to bow in adoration, while they were whole, (and had refused.)}           (AI-Qalam: 42-43)

     

    Sa'id Ibn AI-Musaiyyib commented, although they were whole in this world, they did not answer the caller to Prayer. On the other hand, Ka'b AI-Ahbar said, By Allah, this Ayah is only revealed concerning those who missed the congregational Prayer. 0' what a severe torture awaiting for those who are able to perform the Prayer in congregation, but they do not."

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "I have considered having a man lead people at Prayer and going myself to those who hang back from attending the Prayer in congregation to burn their houses down upon them.”[57]

                    Behold, this threat cannot be issued unless there is something obligatory left.

                    It was related that once, a blind man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said,

    "0 Messenger of Allah, I have nobody to lead me to the mosque." Then he asked for a permission to pray at home. Thereby, the Prophet permitted him. But before leaving, the Prophet called him and said, "Do you hear the Call to Prayer?” He said, yes. The Prophet said, "Then you have to respond to it.” [58]

    Once, 'Amr Ibn Umm Maktum came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said,

    "0 Messenger of Allah, in Madina there are numerous num­ber of reptiles and beasts whereas I am a blind man and live far away from the mosque. Further, I have an inconven­ient guide. Shall I have a dispension to pray at home? "Then, the Prophet (pbuh) asked, "Do you hear the words of the Call to Prayer?" He said, yes. The Prophet said, "Then, you have to respond to it, I have no dispension to you.” [59]

    Behold, that is a blind man and faces many hardship in his way to the mosque and has no guide, yet the Prophet does not permit him to pray at home. How about the sightful people who have no excuse?

    Therefore, when Ibn 'Abbas is asked about someone who fasts the day and prays the night but does not attend the Friday or con­gregational Prayer. He replied, "If he dies doing that he will enter the Hell-Fire.”[60]

    Abu Hurayrah said, "It is better for one's ears to be filled with mol­ten lead than to hear the Call to Prayer without answering it."

           Ibn 'Abbas related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

              "Whoever heard the caller to Prayer and did not answer not because of an excuse.”  Someone asked, "What kind of excuse is that, Messenger?" He said, "Fear or sickness, he will not have his Prayer accepted.”[61]

    i.e., the Prayer which he performed at home.

     

    Ibn ' Abbas also related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "There are three people whom Allah cursed: Whoever leads a group of people in Prayer who dislike him, a woman whose husband spends the night angry with her and whoev­er heard the call to Prayer but he does not answer.” [62]

    'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "A Prayer of a neighbor of a mosque is only accepted in the mosque." Someone asked, "Who is a neighbor of a mosque?" He said, "Whoever hears the call to Prayer."

    `Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "A person who likes to meet Allah tomorrow (on the Day of Judgment) as a true Muslim, he should then take care of those Prayers where (and when) he is summoned for them. This is necessary as Allah has laid down some practices and rules for us to follow (which have reached us) through our Prophet (pbuh) and these Prayers are among them. If you offer Prayers at your houses as this good for nothing person is doing, you will be guilty of neglecting the way of your Prophet (pbuh) then you go astray. I have seen the people in condition when only known hypocrites used to be out of the lines of congregation. Some of us used to be brought to the mosque with the help of two men on account of their weakness or illness, until they could stand in line.” [63]

    Ar-Rabie Ibn Khutham had a disease in his leg. He used to go out for Prayer leaning on two men. They advised him, "O father of Mu­hammed, Allah has permitted you to pray at home as you have a legal excuse." He said, "Ok, but I hear the call to Prayer. Whoever could an­swer even if he creeps or crawl, it is better to do so."

    Hatim AI-Asam said, "One day, I missed a Prayer in congregation but no one lead me except Abu Ishaq AI-Bukhari. However, if one of my children died, there would be ten thousand people who offer me condolence. This is because a trial in religion is easier than a one at the sight of people.

    Someone of early Muslims said, a congregational Prayer is missed because of sins. Ibn 'Umar narrated, "Once Umar was in his garden, when coming back, he found that the people had performed the Asr Prayer. Thereby, he said, "We will surely return to Allah! I missed the Asr Prayer in congregation. May you witness that I gave my garden in charity to the needy so as to expiate what 'Umar had done."

    It is recommended to pay more attention to 'Isha' and Fajr. The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "The hypocrites find dawn (Fajr) and night (Isha') Prayers in congregation as very oppressive. If they could know the virtues of these two Prayers, they would certainly join them, even if they had to go crawling.” [64]

            Ibn 'Umar said, "When missing a man in the congregational Prayer of Isha and Fajr, we might think that he was a hypocrite."

     

    'Ubaydallah Ibn Amr Al-Qawarir said, "I have never missed Isha Prayer in congregation. One night I had a grief which occupied me from performing the' Isha' Prayer in congregation. Thereby, I sought for another mosque allover AI-Basra to realize the Prayer but of no avail all the mosques were closed. Then I went home and decided to apply what is stated in the hadith,

               "Recompense for Prayer offered along with the congregation is twenty seven times more than the Prayer         offered in home or.”[65]

    Therefore, I performed' Isha' Prayer twenty seven times. Afterwards, I slept. I dreamt that I was riding my horse racing some other people who were also riding their horses but I could not catch them. Then one turned to me and said, "Do not get your horse toiled, you would never catch us. I asked him why? He said, we performed the 'Isha' Prayer in congregation but you did alone. Then I got up so sad.

    We seek Allah's help and guidance for He is the Most Generous, the Most Bounteous.

     

    5) Not Paying Zakat

       Allah, the Most High, says,

    {And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah hath given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: Soon it will be tied to their necks like a twisted caller, on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with all that ye do.}

                                                                                                                                                                 (AI-Imran: 180)

    The Qur'an also states,

    {And woe to those who pay not Zakat and who even deny the Hereafter. For those who believe and work deeds of righteousness is a reward that will never fail.}                                                      (Fussilat: 6-7)

     

    Allah, the Almighty, says,

    {And there are those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah: announce unto them a most grievous chastisement. On the Day when it will be heated in the Fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs. This is the (treasure) which ye hoarded for yourselves: taste ye, then, the (treasures) ye hoarded.}                                                    (At- Tawbah: 34-35)

     

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "A wealthy person who has got gold and silver, but does not pay the Zakat due on the same, (should know that) his gold and silver will be melted on the Day of Judgment and Con­verted into slabs which will then be heated in the fire of Hell, and then has sides, his forehead, and his back will be branded therewith. When these slabs will get cold, they will be heated up once more in the furnace of the Hell, the branding will be continued throughout the day, the duration of which will be equal to fifty thousand years, and the cases of all the people will have been decided by this time and they will be shown their way either to the Hell or to Para­dise.”[66]

    It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "There are three people who will enter the Fire: An oppressive leader, a wealthy person who does not pay Allah's right from his wealth and a proud poor.”[67]

    Ibn ' Abbas, (may Allah be pleased with him), said, "Whoever has enough property to make pilgrimage or to pay Zakat but he does not will ask Allah to return (to this world) when dying." Someone said, "Ibn 'Abbas, fear Allah, No one asks for return but the unbelievers." Then Ibn ' Abbas read Allah's saying,

     {And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before death should come to any of you and he should say, ' O my Lord! Why didst thou not give me respite for a little while I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good.}

                                                                                                                                            (Al-Munafiqun: 10)

     

    There is no Zakat on (gold or silver) jewelry that is for permissible use, but if it is prepared for uses of renting or as an article which is pennanent acquisition then Zakat is obligatory. Zakat is also obligato­ry for trade.

    Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth will be made like a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over its eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, "I am your treasure Then he recited the following verse, {And definitely let not the ones who are miserly with what Allah has given them,' no indeed, it is an evil (thing) for them. They shall have annulated (about their necks) whatever they were miserly with, on the Day of

    Resurrection and to Allah is the inheritance of the heavens and the earth,' and Allah is Ever Cognizant of whatsoever you do}                                                                                                                 (AI-Imran: 180)[68]

     

    In his commentary on Allah's saying

    {On the Day when it will be heated in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, -This is the (treasures) which ye hoarded for yourselves: taste ye, then the (treasures) ye hoarded}

                                                                                                                                                             (Al- Tawbah: 35)

     

    Ibn Mas'ud said, “Dirham and Dinar will not be put in his skin collectively but separately and will cover him totally.”

    It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

    "Five (actions) entail five (punishments)" They asked, "What does it mean?" He said, "Whenever some people break a covenant, Allah will entice their enemy to attack them. If they rule in other than Allah's law, they will be plagued with poverty. If indecency (adultery) prevails them, there will be more deaths. If they give short scales or weights they will be deprived of tillage and will suffer the barren years, if they do not pay Zakat, there will be no rain.” [69]

    Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Al-Feriabi said, II Once I went out accompa­nied with a group of my friends to visit Abu Sann'an, may Allah have mercy on him. When we entered his house and sat down for a while, he said, “Let us visit a neighbor whose brother has recently died to console him.” Then, we all went to the man but we found him wailing and impatient for the death of his brother. Accordingly, we tried to console him but of no avail. We admonished him that death is an inev­itable end. Then, he said, I know. I just weep for my brother’s death abode and the torture he is in. We asked, “Did Allah enable you to know the Unseen?” He said,” Of course not, but when I buried him and people went away I sat down by his grave. Meanwhile, I heard a sound of distress. I heard someone crying.” Oh, they left me alone to suffer the torture. I was praying, and fasting. Then, I wept and out of pity I began to snatch the grave to see him. The grave was full of fire and I noticed a circle of fire around his neck. Out of pity I extended my arm to extricate him from such circle of fire. No sooner did I ex­tend my hand than my fingers were burnt. Then, the man showed us his burnt hand. He went on saying, I hoarded the earth over him again and went away. Thus, how can I keep patient after I have seen how he is. We, then, asked, "What did your brother do in this world?" He re­plied. “He did not pay Zakat." We said, "This is in accordance with Allah's saying,

    {And not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah hath given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: Soon it will be tied to their neck like a twisted collar on the day of Judgment.}                                                                                                              (Al-Imran: 180)

     

    Your brother, therefore, is being tortured in advance in his grave until the Day of Judgment. Afterwards, we went ahead to Abu Dharr., the Prophet's companion, and told him this man's story. We also said, "When a Jew or a Christian dies, we do not notice them suf­fering like that," He said; "They are undoubtedly in the Hell-fire. Al­lah just shows you the abode of the Muslims to learn the lesson. Allah, the Most High, says,

    {Now have come to you, from your Lord proofs (to open your eyes): If any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul: If any will be blind it will be to his own (harm) I am not (here to watch over your doing.)}

                                                                                                                                                 (AI-An' am: 104)

     

    6) Breaking One's Fast During Ramadan Without An Excuse

    Allah, the Most High, says,

    {O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) selfrestraint. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days,' but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later.}                                           (AI-Baqarah: 183-184)

         The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Islam is built upon five pillars: Testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing prayers, paying Zakat, making pilgrimage and fasting in Ramada.”[70]

    It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said;

              "Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan" without an excuse or illness could not requite it by fasting a lifetime, were he to do so.” [71]

    Ibn 'Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said; "Principles of Islam are three: testifying that there is no god but Allah, prayers and fasting in Ramadan. Whoever misses anyone of them has disbe­lieved.”[72]

    We seek Allah's refuge from them.

     

    7) Not Performing The Hajj When Able to

      Allah, the Most High, says,

    {Pilgrimage thereto is a duty, men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures.}                                                               (Al-Umran: 97)

     

    The Prophet (pbuh) said,

    "Whoever can afford this journey to the sacred House, by provision and transportation and he does not make the pil­grimage, there is no blame if he dies as a Jew or a Chris­tian. This is because Allah says,

    "Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah -those who can afford the journey.”[73]

    'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "I have considered sending men to these cities to see who has not made the pilgrimage, and collect the non-Muslim poll tax (Jizya) from everyone possessing the means who has not performed it. They are not Muslims."

    Ibn ' Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "Whoever does not make pilgrimage or pay Zakat will ask to be returned to life when dying.” Someone said, "No one asks to be returned except the unbe­lievers." He said, "Allah, the Almighty, says,

     

    {And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which we have bestowed on you, before death should come to any of you and he should say: 0 my Lord! Why didst thou no give me respite for a little while I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good.}

    (Al-Munafiqun: 10)

     

    i.e., I should have made pilgrimage.

          Allah Most High says,

    {But to no soul will God grant respite when the time appointed for it has come.}

    It was asked, "In what amount is Zakat obligatory?" He answered; "Two hundred Dirhams and the equivalent amount if it is gold." Someone asked, "What about pilgrimage?" He said, "Provision and transportation."

    Sa'id Ibn Jubair said, "If I have a wealthy neighbor who died with­out making pilgrimage, I would never pray over him."

     

     

    [1] Reponed by Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi.

    [2] Reponed before.

    [3] Reponed by Bukhari, Ahmed, Ibn Hibban, An-Nasa'i and Abu Ya'la.

    [4] Reported by Ahmad.

    [5] Reported by Muslim. It's a Qudsi Hadith.

    [6] Reported by A1-Bukhari.

    [7] Mentioned by A1-Siuti in "AI Laiali AI-Masnu'ah" who related that Ibn Hibban said that it is false and has no reference.

     

    [8] Reported by AI-Zubaidi in lthaf

    [9] Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and An- Nasa'i.

    [10]  Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nisa'i, Ibn Majah and Ibn Hib­ban.

    [11] Reported before.

    [12] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.

    [13] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim

    [14] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim

    [15] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim

    [16] Reported by Bukhari.

    [17] Reported by Ibn Majah. It is a weak Hadith.

    [18] Reported by Abu Dawud.

    [19] Reported before.

    [20] Reported by Tirmidhi.

    [21] Reported by Abu Dawud.

    [22] Reported by AI- Haythami in "Majma' Az-Zawa'id to Al-Bazzar

    [23] Reported by Ahmad.

    [24] Reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Ahmad.

    [25] Reported by Bukhari.

     

    [26] Reported by At- Tirmidhi who said it is authentic hadith but singular.

    [27] Reported by At- Tirmidhi.

    [28] Reported by Muslim.

    [29] Reported by AI-Bukhari.

    [30] Reported by Al-Haythami and Ahmed

    [31] Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

    [32] Reported by Ad-Darmi and Ahmad.

    [33] Reported by Malik.

    [34] Reported before.

    [35] Reported by AI-Baihaqi. It has a weak chain of transmission.

    [36] Reported by At- Tirmidhi.

    [37]  It is cited by AI-GhazaIi.

    [38] Reported by A1-Haithami and At- Tabarani.

    [39] Reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah

    [40] Reported by At-Tirmidhi and AI-Hakim

    [41] Reported by At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud

    [42] Reported by Abu Dawud and Ahmad

    [43] Reported before

    [44] Narrated before.

     

    [45] Reported by As-Siuti who said it is a forged hadith.

    [46] Not found.

    [47] Reported by AI-Hakim.

    [48] Reported by Ahmad.

    [49] Reported by AJ-Darami, Ahmed and AI-Hakim.

    [50] Reported by Ahmed.

    [51] Reported by Muslim

    [52] Reported by Ad-Dar Qutni

    [53] Reported by Al-Haithami.

    [54] Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

    [55] Reported by A1-Bukhali.

    [56] Reported before.

    [57] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.

    [58] Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.

    [59] Reported by Muslim.

    [60] Reported by At- Tirmidhi.

    [61] Reported by Abu Dawud, AI-Hakim and Ibn Hibban

    [62] Reported by At- Tirmidhi.

    [63] Reported by Muslim.

    [64] Reported by AI-Bukhari.

    [65] Reported by Muslim

    [66] Reported by Muslim, Ahmad and An-Nisa'i

    [67] Part of a hadith reported by AI-Hakim, Ibn Hibban and Ahmad.

    [68] Reported by Bukhari.

    [69] Reported by Abu Dawud and Ahmad.

    [70] Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

    [71] Reported by Abu Dawud, At- Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Ad-Darimi.

    [72] Reported by Ya'la and AI-Haithami.

    [73] Reported by At- Tirmidhi.

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