||In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir
Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat.
||Isamil I establishes the Safavid
dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state
||The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque
establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf.
||Turkomans of the White Sheep empire,
End of the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their territories
by the Safawids.
||D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from
||The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the
Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt.
||The reign of Sulayman the
||Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle
||The Battle of Panipat in India, and
the Moghul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra.
||The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary.
||Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of
||The architect Sinan builds the
Suleymaniye mosque in Istanbul.
||The rise of the Muslim kingdom of
Atjeh in Sumatra.
||Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas,
||The death of Sulayman the
||Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos
(Muslims forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain.
||The Ottomans are defeated at the
naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is
brought to a close.
||The Battle of the Three Kings at
Qasr al-Kabir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed.
||Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I
||Mustaili Ismailis split
into Sulaymanis and Daudis.