||The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a
dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the
||The first revelation in the cave at
Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God.
||Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the
general public to Islam.
||Invitation to the Hashimites to
||Persecution of the Muslims by the
Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.
||Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.
||Social boycott of the Hashimites and
the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen
||Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of
Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow.
||Journey to Taif. Ascension to the
||First pledge at Aqaba.
||Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy
Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.
||Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the
Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.
||Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70
Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second
expedition of Badr.
||Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.
||Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of
Banu Quraiza Jews.
||Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to
Khyber. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states.
||The Holy Prophet performs the
pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).
||Conquest of Makkah. Battles of
Hunsin, Auras, and Taif.
||Expedition to Tabuk. Year of
||Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.
||Death of the Holy Prophet. Election
of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to Syria.
Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra.
Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.
||Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah
Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja,
Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.
||Battles of Basra, Damascus and
Ajnadin. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the
Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.
||Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib.
Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.
||Battle of Yermuk. Battle of
Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.
||Conquest of Syria. Fall of
Jerusalem. Battle of Jalula.
||Conquest of Jazirah.
||Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into
||Capture of the post of Caesaria in
Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon
||Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of
Alexandria in Egypt.
||Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest
of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.
||Conquest of Azarbaijan and
||Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan,
Mekran and Kharan.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes the
||Campaigns in Fats.
||Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and
||Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest
of the island of Cypress.
||Campaigns against the Byzantines.
||Naval battle of the Masts against
||Discontentment and disaffection
against the rule of Hadrat Othman.
||Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat
Ali becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.
||Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from
Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul
||Battle of Nahrawan.
||Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah.
||Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and
Yemen from Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at
||Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession
of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph.
||Raid of Sicily.
||Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe
founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul.
||Capture of the island of Rhodes.
Campaigns in Khurasan.
||The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara
becomes a vassal state.
||Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz.
Siege of Constantinople.
||Death of Muawiyah. Accession of
Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain.
||In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches
to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate
Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa.
||Death of Yazid. Accession of
||Abdullah b Zubair declares himself
aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus.
Battle of Marj Rahat.
||Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik
becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada.
||Mukhtar declares himself as the
Caliph at Kufa.
||Battle of Kufa between the forces of
Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed.
||Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls
to Abdul Malik.
||The fall of Makkah. Death of
Abdullah b Zubair. Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph.
||Khawarij revolts in Jazira and
Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa.
The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in
Transoxiana and occupy Kish.