Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy


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  • Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy



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    Driven out of Makkah and forced to seek
    refuge in Thawr Cave, Prophet Muhammad r turned towards Makkah
    and bade it farewell, saying, “O Allah (bear witness), you are the most
    beloved land to Allah, and you are the most beloved land to me. Had your Mushrikin
    people not driven me out of you, I would not have left you
    .”1

    That day, eight years after his emigration to Al-Madinah, the
    Prophet r
    entered his homeland, Makkah, a victor.

    Yet he r
    was riding his horse with his head bowed – the end of his beard almost touching
    the back of his horse – out of submission, thankfulness, and humility before
    his Lord Who gave him this manifest victory.2

    On the way to victorious return to Makkah, one of his
    Companions, Sa‘d bin ‘Ubadah t, said, “Today is the
    day of battle. Today the prohibited is permissible. Today Allah has humbled the
    Quraish
    .”

    The Prophet r strongly objected,
    saying, “Today is the day of mercy. Today is the day Allah exalts the
    Kab‘bah. Today is the day the Kab‘bah is clothed. Today is the day Allah has honored
    the Quraish
    .”

    The Prophet r then commanded that the
    banner should be taken from Sa‘d, thus relieving him of his duty as a
    commander, and be handed to Qais, his son.3

    Go, you are the free ones

    Three hundred and sixty idols were
    surrounding the Sacred House (the Ka‘bah) on the Day of the Victory of
    Makkah, which the Prophet r
    started stabbing with a stick he r had in his hand, while
    reciting4: (Truth has come and
    falsehood has vanished. Surely, falsehood is ever bound to vanish
    .)5

    The Prophet r then entered the Ka‘bah
    and ordered that all the images be destroyed. After praying inside, he r
    walked around, declaring the Oneness of Allah and glorifying Him in every
    corner. He r
    came out of the Ka‘bah, stood at its door and preached, “There is no
    god but Allah, Alone. He has no partner. He honored His Soldiers. He granted
    victory to His Servant, and He defeated the Confederates, Alone
    .”6

    O people, verily
    Allah has rid you of the vainglory of Jahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic Days of Ignorance
    of Allah) and its pride in ancestors. People are two kinds of men: a righteous
    pious man who is honorable to Allah, and an impious wicked man who is worthless
    to Allah. All mankind are Children of Adam, and Allah has created Adam from
    dust. Allah says,
    (O mankind, We have created you from a male and a
    female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another.
    Verily, the most honorable of you in the Sight of Allah is the most pious of
    you. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.
    )78

    The Prophet r asked, “O people of
    Quraish, what do you think I am to do to you?

    They said, “All good, a noble brother and the son of a noble
    brother
    .”

    He r said, “I say to you as Yusuf (Joseph r)
    said to his brothers, ‘No blame will there be upon you today.’ Go, you are the
    free ones
    .”9

    With these forgiving words, the Prophet of Mercy r
    gave a general amnesty to all Quraish, although among them were people who had
    plotted to kill him, had persecuted him, and inflicted upon him and his
    followers all kinds of injury and harm.

    Among them were people who had fought him at Badr and Uhud, who
    blockaded him in the Battle
    of Al-Khandaq (Trench), who incited the Arab tribes to mutiny against
    him, and who would even then tear him apart if only they had the power. But he r
    pardoned all his enemies with the exception of nine persons, who were arch
    criminals, but later on most of them were pardoned and became good Muslims.10

    This is how the man r whom Allah describes as
    Mercy to the Worlds” dealt with those who opposed him.

    His opponents were not just people who fought his Message on an
    intellectual level. They were individuals bent on destroying him, his family,
    his followers, and Islam itself.

    This is one of the many examples in the
    life of a man
    r who faced constant death threats, actual
    attempts on his life, abuse, and harsh persecution at the hands of those
    threatened by his simple yet profound Message: There is no god but Allah; Muhammad
    is the Messenger of Allah
    .
    11


    1 Circumstances of revelation on the authority of Qatadah and
    Ibn ‘Abbas
    : Al-Qurtubi, Al-Jami Li-Ahkam Al-Qur’an, interpretation of Surat Muhammad r [47: 13]. At-Tirmidhy
    (3860), Ibn Majah (3099), Ahmad (17966), and Ad-Darimy (2398)
    reported a version with a similar wording on the authority of ‘Abdullah
    bin ‘Adi bin Al-Hamra’ that reads: “I swear by Allah, you are the best of
    the lands of Allah, and you are the most beloved land to Allah. Had it not been
    that I was forced to leave you, I would have never left you
    .”

    2 Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidaya
    wa An-Nihaya
    , Description of the Prophet’s Entry into Makkah, vol. 14.
    Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah,
    Arrival of the Prophet’s in Dhi-Tuwa, vol. 4.

    3 As-Salhi Ash-Shami, Subl
    A-Huda wa Ar-Rashad fi Sirah Khairul-‘Abad
    , vol. 5;
    Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah,
    The Emigrants’ Anxiety over the Quraish from Sa‘d and the Messenger’s
    Command regarding Him, vol. 4.

    4 Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin
    Mas‘ud: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Magazi, Hadith no. 3950; similar
    versions of the Hadith are also reported by Al-Bukhary (2298, 4351), Muslim
    (3333), At-Tirmidhy (3063), and Ahmad (3403).

    5
    Translated meanings of Al-Isra
    17: 81.

    6 Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah:
    Circumambulation by the Messenger
    r around the House and His Speech
    Therein, vol. 4;
    Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Rahiq
    Al-Makhtum
    , Victory of Makkah: The
    Messenger
    r Performing Salah inside the Ka‘bah and Delivering a
    Speech before the Quraish.

    7
    Translated meanings of Al-Hujurat 49: 13.

    8 Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar: Sunnan
    At-Tirmidhy, Book of Tafsir Al-Qur
    an, Hadith no. 3193.

    9 Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah,
    Circumambulation by the Messenger
    r around the House and His Speech Therein,
    vol. 4;
    Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Rahiq
    Al-Makhtum
    ; Victory of Makkah: No
    blame will there be upon you today
    .

    10 Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, Second Phase (Open Preaching): Victory of
    Makkah.

    11 Adapted from Abdul Malik Mujahid, The
    Prophet
    r
    and the People Who Opposed Him
    .

     

     

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