Women In Islam versus Judaeo-Christian Tradition The Myth & The Reality


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  • Women In Islam versus Judaeo-Christian Tradition The Myth & The Reality



  • 2. Eve's Fault?

    The three religions agree on one basic fact: Both women and men are
    created by God, The Creator of the whole universe. However,
    disagreement starts soon after the creation of the first man, Adam, and
    the first woman, Eve. The Judaeo-Christian conception of the creation
    of Adam and Eve is narrated in detail in Genesis 2:4-3:24. God
    prohibited both of them from eating the fruits of the forbidden tree.
    The serpent seduced Eve to eat from it and Eve, in turn, seduced Adam
    to eat with her. When God rebuked Adam for what he did, he put all the
    blame on Eve, "The woman you put here with me --she gave me some fruit
    from the tree and I ate it." Consequently, God said to Eve:  "I
    will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will
    give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband and he
    will rule over you."  To Adam He said: "Because you listened to
    your wife and ate from the tree .... Cursed is the ground because of
    you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your
    life..."
        
    The Islamic conception of the first creation is found in several places
    in the Quran, for example: "O Adam dwell with your wife in the Garden
    and enjoy as you wish but approach not this tree or you run into harm
    and transgression. Then Satan whispered to them in order to reveal to
    them their shame that was hidden from them and he said: 'Your Lord only
    forbade you this tree lest you become angels or such beings as live
    forever.' And he swore to them both that he was their sincere adviser.
    So by deceit he brought them to their fall: when they tasted the tree
    their shame became manifest to them and they began to sew together the
    leaves of the Garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto
    them: 'Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you that Satan was your
    avowed enemy?' They said: 'Our Lord we have wronged our own souls and
    if You forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall
    certainly be lost' " (7:19:23).

    A careful look into the two accounts of the story of the Creation
    reveals some essential differences. The Quran, contrary to the Bible,
    places equal blame on both Adam and Eve for their mistake. Nowhere in
    the Quran can one find even the slightest hint that Eve tempted Adam to
    eat from the tree or even that she had eaten before him. Eve in the
    Quran is no temptress, no seducer, and no deceiver. Moreover, Eve is
    not to be blamed for the pains of childbearing. God, according to the
    Quran, punishes no one for another's faults. Both Adam and Eve
    committed a sin and then asked God for forgiveness and He forgave them
    both.

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