Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy


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  • Muhammad the Prophet of Mercy



  • Full
    Moon Has Shone

    Waraqah: I wish I would be still alive at the time when
    your people would turn you out
    .

    Muhammad r:
    Will they turn me out?

    Waraqah: Yes, never did a man come with the like of what
    you have come with but he was treated with hostility. If I were to live until
    your day (when you shall be turned out), I would support you strongly.
    1

    This was the way with all his fellow Prophets from Ibrahim r to ‘Isa r; they were treated with
    hostility. They suffered persecution while preaching the Message. Their towns
    rejected them, and they emigrated from them.

    The infidels of Quraish were unremitting in their hostility to
    the Messenger of Allah r.
    They conspired to kill him, expel him, or imprison him. Therefore, the Divine
    Command of Hijrah to Al-Madinah was revealed with Words of comfort, assurance,
    and support; a supplication for an honorable entrance to Al-Madinah and an
    honorable exit from Makkah2:

    (Say,
    ‘O my Lord, let my entry be by the gate of truth and honor, and my exit by the
    gate of truth and honor, and grant me from Yourself a supporting authority.
    )3

    Upon hearing the news of the departure of the Messenger of
    Allah r from Makkah (towards
    Al-Madinah), the Muslims of Al-Madinah started going to the Harrah (a
    rocky land in Al-Madinah) every morning to keep watch for him r until the blazing noon
    heat forced them to return home.

    One day, after waiting for a long time, they returned home. After
    they had entered their houses, a Jew who ascended to one of the forts of his
    people looking for something saw the Messenger of Allah r and his Companion
    dressed in white clothes, dispelling the mirage.

    The Jew could not help shouting at the top of his voice, “O
    you Arabs! Here is your grandfather whom you have been waiting for.
    ” The
    Muslims rushed to pick up their weapons and received the Messenger of Allah r on the summit of Harrah. He r
    led them to the right and alighted with
    them at the quarters of Banu ‘Amr bin ‘Awf, on
    Monday Rabi‘ I.

    Abu Bakr t stood up and received
    the people while the Messenger of Allah r
    sat silent. Some of the Ansar who came and had not seen the Messenger of
    Allah r before began greeting
    Abu Bakr, but when the sunshine fell on the Messenger of Allah r and Abu Bakr came forward and shaded him with his
    garment, the people recognized him as the Messenger of Allah r.4

    ‘Abdullah bin Salam t,
    the learned Jewish rabbi,
    narrated, “The people hurried quickly to meet the
    Messenger of Allah r when he arrived in Al-Madinah.
    They cried, ‘The Messenger of Allah has arrived! The Messenger of Allah has
    arrived!
    ’ I came out along with the people to see him. When his face was
    clear to me, I realized that his face was not that of a liar. The first thing I
    heard him saying was, ‘O people, spread Salam (the greeting of peace: peace
    be upon you), give food, join the ties of the wombs, and pray (at night) while
    people are sound asleep (negligent), and you will enter Paradise
    in peace
    .’”5

    Al-Bara’ t said, “I
    never saw the people of Al-Madinah so happy with anything as they were with his
    arrival. I even saw the little boys and girls saying, ‘Here is the Messenger
    of Allah; he has come!
    ’”6

    Anas bin Malik t said, “When the
    Messenger of Allah r arrived in
    Al-Madinah, the Abyssinians played out of joy for his coming. They played with
    spears.”7

    He t further said, “I was
    running among the boys who were repeating, ‘Muhammad has come!’ I ran
    but saw nothing. Again, they called out, ‘Muhammad has come!’ so I ran
    but still I saw nothing until the Messenger of Allah r
    and his Companion, Abu Bakr, truly arrived. We were then at some rocky ground
    in Al-Madinah, so we sent a man from Al-Madinah to inform the Ansar.
    Nearly five hundreds of the Ansar went out to receive them. The Ansar
    said, ‘Go ahead, safe and obeyed.’ Thus surrounded by them, the
    Messenger of Allah r
    and his Companion drew near, whereupon (all) the people of Al-Madinah came out,
    to the extent that even the maidens were on the housetops trying to catch sight
    of him, wondering, ‘Which of them is he? Which of them is he?’ Truly, we
    have never before seen a sight like the one we saw on that day.”8

    Dressed in their best clothes and filled with longing, every
    part of Al-Madinah was colored with joy for the arrival of Prophet Muhammad r, and the Ansari girls happily sang:

    The full moon has shone
    on us from the paths of Wada’

    And thanking became due
    on us as long as callers invite to Allah

    O Messenger sent to us,
    you have come with the command to obey
    9

    The Ansar were not wealthy people, yet every one of them
    wished that the Messenger of Allah r
    would be his guest. Every house of the Ansar by which the Messenger of
    Allah r passed gripped the
    reins of his camel and said, “O Messenger of Allah, stay with us to have
    company, provision, and protection
    .” He r
    kindly said to them, “Release it (i.e. the camel), for it is commanded (by
    Allah)
    .”

    The camel moved onward until it reached the site that is today Al-Masjid An-Nabawi [the Mosque of the Prophet r] and knelt down. The
    Prophet r did not dismount
    until it rose up again, walked a little further, turned back, and then returned
    to kneel down at the very same spot.10

    The Messenger of Allah r said, “This, by the
    Will of Allah, is the landing place
    .”11 A most blessed place: (And
    say, ‘My Lord, cause me to land at a blessed landing place. You are the Best of
    those who bring to land.’
    )12

    The Prophet r alighted in a quarter
    inhabited by Banu An-Najjar, his maternal uncles. The people again began
    inviting him to stay with them, but Abu Ayub Al-Ansary t hurried to take the
    Prophet’s luggage inside his house; so the Prophet r gently excused
    himself by saying to the people, “The man should be with his luggage.”
    ‘As‘ad bin Zurarah t
    then stepped forward and took the reins of the Prophet’s camel and lodged it in
    his place.13

    From that day Al-Madinah became the City of the Prophet
    r,
    a new Muslim world having the mercy that Allah has sent to mankind on its land.
    By his presence every corner of Al-Madinah became blessed, every corner of it
    just shone.

    Anas bin Malik t said,
    On the day (Monday) the Messenger of Allah
    r entered Al-Madinah,
    every part of it shone; and on the day (Monday) the Messenger of Allah
    r died, every part of it darkened.”14


    1 Narrated by Lady ‘Aishah: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book
    of Bid’
    Al-Wahy, Hadith no. 3; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by
    Al-Bukhary (4572, 6467), Muslim (231), and Ahmad (24681, 24768).

    2 Circumstances of revelation: Sunnan At-Tirmidhy, Book of Tafsir Al-Qur’an,
    Hadith no. 3064.

    3
    Translated
    meanings of Al-Isra’ 17: 80.

    4 Narrated by ‘Aishah: Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Manaqib,
    Hadith no. 3616.

    5 Sunnan At-Tirmidhy, Book of Sifat Al-Qiyamah wa Ar-Raqa’iq
    wa Al-Wara‘
    (Description of the Day of Resurrection, Softening of Hearts,
    and Piety), Hadith no. 2409; similar versions of the Hadith are also reported
    by Ad-Darimy (1424) and Ibn Majah (1324, 3242).

    6 Sahih Al-Bukhary, Tafsir
    Al-Qur’an
    , Hadith no. 4560; similar versions of the Hadith are also
    reported by Al-Bukhary (3632) and Ahmad (17779, 17833).

    7 Sunnan Abu Dawud, Book of Al-Adab, Hadith no. 4277; a
    similar version of the Hadith is also reported by Ahmad (12188).

    8 Musnad Ahmad, Book of Al-Mukthrin, Hadith no. 12840.

    9 Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, Hijrah
    of the Prophet: Entering Al-Madinah; Sheikh Muhammad Al-Khudari, Nur
    Al-Yakin fi Sirat Sayyid Al-Mursalin,
    Arrival in Al-Madinah.

    10 Safi-ur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, Hijrah
    of the Prophet: Entering Al-Madinah;
    Ibn
    Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah
    , Zad Al-Ma‘ad, The Arrival of the Prophet r
    and
    His Companion in Al-Madinah, vol. 2;
    Ibn Hisham, As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah, The Tribes Intercepting the
    Messenger
    r to Have Him as Their Guest, vol. 2.

    11 Sahih Al-Bukhary, Book of Al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3616.
    Sheikh Muhammad Al-Khudari, Nur Al-Yakin fi Sirat Sayyid Al-Mursalin, Lodging
    at Abu Ayub.

    12
    Translated
    meanings of Al-Mu’minun 23: 29.

    13 Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, Zad Al-Ma‘ad, The Arrival of the
    Prophet
    r
    and
    His Companion in Al-Madinah, vol. 2;
    Safi-ur-Rahman
    Mubarakpuri, Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum, Hijrah of the Prophet
    r: Entering Al-Madinah.

    14 Sunnan At-Tirmidhy, Book of Al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3551;
    similar versions of the Hadith are also reported by Ibn Majah (1621), Ahmad
    (12834, 13034, 13328), and Ad-Darimy (88).

     

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