The 200 FAQ On Muslim Belief


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  • The 200 FAQ On Muslim Belief


  • Q 101: What is the textual proof of the miraculous nature of the Glorious Qur'an?

    A--- The proof of this is the fact that the Glorious Qur'an was revealed in a period that extended more than twenty years, challenging the most eloquent of all mankind. {Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur'an) if they are truthful}. (At-Tur, 34)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Say: Bring you the ten forged Surahs (chapters) like unto it}. (Hud, 13)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Say: Bring then a Surah (chapter) like unto it}. (Yunus, 38)

       But, they could not do it, though they were keen on refuting and rejecting it with all their power and might. Though the Qur'an’s characters and words are Arabic - their mother tongue - with which they used to communicate, and in which they used to compete, they could not challenge or even imitate it. The Glorious Qur'an declared their incapability of challenging its miraculous nature in the verse that reads, {Say: If the mankind and the Jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another}(Al-Isra', 88)

    Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: ((Every Prophet was given miracles because of which people believed ,but what I have given Divine Inspiration which Allah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Countless numbers of scholars and scientists wrote on various aspects of the miraculous nature of the Glorious Qur'an. They tried hard to tackle its wording, meanings, news of the ancients, and news of the unseen, but all they could get is like what a small sparrow can get with its pointed beak from the great ocean![1]

    Q 102: What is the textual proof that a Muslim must believe in the Last Day?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {Verily, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, but are pleased and satisfied with the life of the present world, and those who are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). Those, their abode will be the Fire, because of what they used to earn}. (Yunus, 7, 8)

    Allah says: {Verily, that which you are promised (i.e. Resurrection in the Hereafter and receiving the reward or punishment of good or bad deeds) is surely true. And verily, the Recompense is sure to happen}. (Adh-Dhariyat, 5, 6)

    Allah says: {Verily, the Hour (Day of Judgement) is surely coming, there is no doubt about it}. (Ghafir, 59)

     

    Q 103: What does believing in the Last Day mean? What does it imply?

       A--- To have Faith in the Last Day means to have a true and immovable belief that its taking place is inevitable and irresistible. This belief encompasses the following: to believe in the inevitable signs and­ portents of the Hour, in death and what follows it, in the trial of the grave, its blessings and torment, in the blowing of the Horn, in the coming out of all creatures from their graves, in the terrors and gravities of the stand on that Day, in the details of the Gathering Place, in the flying over of the records (of deeds), in the setting of the Balance, in the Straight Path, in the Cistern, in the Great Intercession, in Paradise and its blessings, in the reward of looking at the Face of Allah the Almighty, and to believe in the Hell-Fire and its severe torture and torment.

     

    Q 104: Does anyone know when the Last Hour will be?

    A--- The time set for-the Last Hour is one of the unseen affairs that no one save Allah the Almighty knows. He says: {Verily Allah, with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things)}(Luqman, 34)

    Allah the Almighty says: {They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden.” They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone), but most of mankind know not. "}[2] (Al-A' raf, 187)

    Allah the Almighty says: {They ask you (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him» about the Hour ­when will be its appointed time? You have no knowledge to say anything about it. To your Lord belongs (the knowledge of) the term thereof?}. (An­-Nazi' at, 42-44)

    Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said to Gabriel when asked about the Hour: "Then he (Gabriel) further asked, "When will the Hour be established?" Allah's Messenger replied, "The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents. (a) When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master. (b) When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah." (Bukhari and Muslim)

     

     

     

    Q 105: Cite some examples from the Glorious Qur'an pertaining to the portents of the Last Hour?

    A ---Allah the Almighty says{Do they then wait for anything other than that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord (Allah) should come, or that some of the Signs of your Lord should come (i.e. portents of the Hour e.g., rising of the sun from the west)! The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed it not before, nor earned good (by performing the deeds of righteousness) through his Faith. Say: "Wait you! We (too) are waiting}. (Al-An' am, 158)

       Allah the Almighty says: {And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayat (verses of the Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him))}. (An­-Naml, 82)

    Allah the Almighty says{Until, when Ya'juj and Ma 'juj (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swoop down from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (of fulfillment). Then (when mankind is resurrected from their graves), you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly staring in honor. (They will say): "Woe to us! We were indeed heedless of this -nay, but we were Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)"}. (Al-Anbiya', 96, 97)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Then wait you for the Day when the sky will bring forth a visible smoke}. (Ad-Dukhan, 10)

    Allah the Almighty says: {O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the Torment of Allah}(Al-­Hajj, 1, 2)

     

     

    Q 106: Cite some examples from the Prophetic Sunnah pertaining to the portents of the Last Hour?

    A--- The Prophetic Sunnah denotes a good deal of the portents of the Last Hour. Some of them are as follows: the rising of the sun from the west, the beast, Dajjal, the descent of Jesus son of Mary, the Gog and Magog, the smoke, the wind that would take souls of all the believers, the fire that would appear from the Yemen, and would drive people to the place of their assembly, and the land-sliding. [3]

     

    Q 107: What is the textual proof of believing in death from the Qur'an and the Prophetic Sunnah?

       A--- Allah the Almighty says: {Say: The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls. Then you shall be brought to your Lord}. (As-­Sajdah, 11)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full}(Al `Imran, 185)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Verily you (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) will die, and verily they (too) will die}. (Az-Zumar, 30)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): then if you die, would they live forever?}. (Al-Anbiya', 34)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honor will remain forever}. (Ar-Rahman, 26, 27)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Everything will perish save His Face}. (Al-Qasas, 88)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And put your trust (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) in the Ever Living One Who dies not}(Al-Furqan, 58)

    Also, countless are the Hadiths concerning death. No doubt, death is witnessed by human beings every day, even every hour, so that no rational man can deny, doubt or only believing men and women act upon its requirements, however. Besides, we believe in the fact that anyone dies or gets killed by any means, we believe in that this is his destiny and the time appointed for him by Allah the Almighty Who says: {Each runs its course for a term appointed}. (Ar-Ra'd, 2 & Fatir, 13 & Az-Zumar, 5)

       Allah the Almighty says: {And every nation has its appointed term, when their term comes, neither can they delay it nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment)}(Al-A' raf, 34)

     

    Q 108: What is the textual proof from the Glorious Qur'an that the trial of the grave and its blessing or torment is a truth?

       A--- Allah the Almighty says{No! It is but a word that he speak; and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected}. (Al-Mu'minun, 100)

       Allah the Almighty says: {So Allah saved him from the evils that hey plotted (against him), while an evil torment encompassed Fir`aun's (Pharaoh) people. The Fire, they are exposed to it ,morning and afternoon. And on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): "Cause Fir`aun's (Pharaoh) people to enter the severest torment!"}. (Ghafir, 45, 46)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allah Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter.[4] }. (Ibrahim, 27)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And if you could but see when the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) are in the agonies of death, while the angels are stretching forth their hands (saying): Deliver your souls! This day you shall be recompensed with the torment of degradation because of what you used to utter against Allah other than the truth}. (Al­-An' am, 93)

    Allah the Almighty says{We shall punish them twice, and thereafter they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment}. (At-Taubah, 101)

     

    Q 109: What is the textual proof of the trial of the grave from the Prophetic Sunnah?

       A--- There are numerous Hadiths, foremost among which are the following:

       Narrated Anas (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "When a -human being is laid in his grave and his companions leave (the burying place) and he even hears their foot steps, two angels come to him and make him

    ask him: What did you use to say about this man, Muhammad? He will say: I testify that he is Allah 's slave and His Messenger. Then it will be said to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given you a place in Paradise instead of it. ", The Prophet added, "The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer or a hypocrite will say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to him, 'Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance (by reciting the Qur'an).' Then he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by whatever approaches him except human beings and Jinns. "(Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon him) once passed by two graves, and those two persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He said: "They are being tortured not for a great thing (to avoid). One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). He then took a green leaf of a date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on each grave. The people said: "0 Allah's Messenger! Why have you done so? He replied, "I hope that their punishment may be lessened till they (the leaf) become dry. " (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him): Once the Prophet (Peace be upon him) went out after sunset and heard a dreadful voice, and said: "The Jews are being punished in their graves.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated' Abdullah Ibn 'Vmar (May Allah be pleased with them): Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: "When anyone of you dies, he is shown his place both in the morning and in the evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise; he is shown his place in it, and if he is from the people of the Hell-Fire; he is shown his place therein. Then it is said to him, 'This is your place till Allah resurrect you on the Day of Resurrection. " (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated' Amrah bint 'Abdur-Rahman: A Jewish woman came to ask' Ai 'shah (the wife of the Prophet) about something. She said to her, "May Allah give you refuge from the punishment of the grave." So 'Ai 'shah asked Allah's Messenger "Would the people be punished in their graves?” Allah's Messenger after seeking refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave (and thus replied in the affirmative). Then one day, Allah's Messenger rode to go to some place but the sun eclipsed. He returned in the forenoon and passed through the rear of the dwellings (of his wives) and stood for the (eclipse) prayer, and the people stood behind him. He stood up for a long period and then performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first bowing. Then he raised his head and prostrated. Then he stood up (for the second Rak' ah) for a long while but the standing was shorter than that of the first Rak' ah. Then he performed a prolonged

    which was shorter than the first one. Then he raised his head and prostrated. Then he stood up for a long time but shorter than the first. Then he performed a prolonged bowing but shorter than the first. Then he raised his head and prostrated and finished the

    prayer and (then delivered the sermon and) said as much as Allah wished. And then he ordered the people to seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave.”(Bukhari and Muslim)

     

    Q 110: What is the textual proof that there will be a resurrection from the graves?

    A ---Allah the Almighty says: {O mankind! If you are in doubt about be Resurrection, then verily We have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops        of male and female sexual discharge i.e. the offspring of Adam), then from a clot (apiece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh some - formed and some unformed (as in the case of miscarriage) - that We may make (it) clear to you (i.e. to show you Our Power and Ability to do what We will). And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), and it swells and puts forth every lovely kind (of growth). That is because Allah: He is the Truth, and it is He Who gives life to the dead, and it is He Who is Able to do all things. And surely, the Hour is coming, there is no doubt about it, and certainly, Allah will resurrect those who are in the graves}.(Al-Hajj, 5-7)

    Allah the Almighty says{And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it (after it has been perished); and this is easier for Him}.(Ar-Rum, 27)

    Allah the Almighty says: As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise binding upon is. Truly, We shall do it}. (Al­-Anbiya', 104)

    Allah the Almighty says{And man (the disbeliever) says: "When I am dead, shall I then be raised up alive ?" Does not man remember that We created him before, while he was nothing}. (Maryam, 66, 67)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Does not man see that We have created him from Nutfah (mixed male and female sexual discharge -semen drops). Yet behold he (stands forth) as an open opponent. And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation. He says: "Who will give life to these bones after they are rotten and have become dust?" Say: (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) "He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-Knower of every creation!" He Who produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold you kindle therewith. Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth, Able to create the like of them? Yes, indeed! He is the All­ Knowing Supreme Creator. Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, 'Be!" - and it is! So glorified is He and exalted above ill that they associate with Him, and in Whose Hands is the dominion of all things: and to Him you shall be returned}. (Ya-Sin, 77-83)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Do they not see that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and was not wearied by their creation, is Able to give life to the dead? Yes, He surely is Able to do all things. And on the Day when those who disbelieve will be exposed to the Fire (it will be said to them): "Is this not the truth?" They will say: "Yes, By our Lord!" He will say: "Then taste the torment, because you used to disbelieve!" Therefore be patient (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) as did the Messengers of strong will and be in no haste about them (disbelievers). On the Day when they will see that (torment) with which they are promised (i.e. threatened, it will be) as if they had not stayed more than an hour in a single day. (0 mankind! This Qur'an is sufficient as) a clear Message (or proclamation to save yourself from destruction). But shall any be destroyed except the people who are AI-Fasiqun (the rebellious against Allah's Command, the disobedient to Allah)?}. (Al-Ahqaf, 33)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And among His Signs (in this), that you see the earth barren; but when We send down water (rain) to it, it is stiffed to life and growth (of vegetations). Verily, He Who gives it life, surely, is Able to give life to the dead (on the Day of Resurrection). Indeed He is Able to do all thing(s}. (Fussilat, 39)

    Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him): While a man was riding (his Mount) in 'Arafat, he fell down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck (and died). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him, nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik,’ (i.e. like a pilgrim). " (Sahih Bukhari)

       Narrated Khabbab (May Allah be pleased with him): I was a blacksmith and did some work for Al­'As Ibn Wa'il. When he owed me some money for my work, I went to him to ask for that amount. He said: "I will not pay you unless you disbelieve in Muhammad." I said: "By Allah! I will never do that till you die and be resurrected.” He said: "Will I be dead and then resurrected after my death?" I said: "Yes." He said: "There I will have property and offspring and then I will pay you your due.” Then Allah revealed, {Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our signs, and yet says: I will be given property and offspring?} (19.77) (Sahih Bukhari)

     

    Q 111: What is the ruling pertaining to him who belies resurrection?

    A ---The one who belies resurrection is regarded a disbeliever who disbelieves in Allah the Almighty, His Books and Messengers. Allah the Almighty says: {And those who disbelieve say: "When we have become dust -we and our fathers, shall we really be brought forth (again)?"). (An-Naml, 67)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And if you (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him» wonder (at these polytheists who deny your message of Islamic Monotheism and have taken besides Allah others for worship who can neither harm nor benefit), then wondrous is their saying: "When we are dust, shall we indeed then be (raised) in a new creation?”

    They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains tying their hands to their necks. They will be dwellers of the Fire to abide therein}. (Ar-Ra'd, 5)

    Allah the Almighty says: {The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the Account). Say (0 Muhammad (Peace be upon him)): Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did; and that is easy for Allah}.(At-Taghabun, 7)

       Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "Allah the Most Superior said: "The son of Adam slights Me, and he should not slight Me, and he disbelieves in Me, and he ought not to do so. As for his slighting Me, it is that he says that I have a son; and his disbelief in Me is his statement that I shall not recreate him as I have created (him) before.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

     

    Q 112: What is the textual proof that there will be the blowing in the Horn? How many are the blowings?

    A ---Allah the Almighty says: {And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time, and behold they will be standing, looking on (waiting)}. (Az-Zumar, 68)

    Here two blowings were mentioned, the first for the swooning of all in the heavens and all who are on the earth, and the second for the Resurrection.

    In another verse Allah says{And (remember) the Day on which the Trumpet will be blown - and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be terrified except him whom Allah will (exempt)}(An-Naml, 87) This verse implies that there will be a so-called blowing of Terror.

    However, whosoever interpreted the terror in this verse by the swooning, for him terror refers to the first blowing that is mentioned in the Surah of Az-Zumar. This interpretation is supported by the Hadith transmitted by Imam Muslim that reads: Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) said in the Hadith narrated by Ibn 'Amr (May Allah be pleased with them): "... Then the trumpet would be blown and no one would hear that but he would bend his neck to one side and raise it from the other side and the first one to hear that trumpet would be the person who would be busy in setting right the tank meant for providing water to the camels. He would swoon and the other people would also swoon, then Allah would send or He would cause to send rain which would be like dew and there would grow out of it the bodies of the people. Then the second trumpet would be blown and they would stand up and begin to look (around).

    Then it would be said: people, go to your Lord, and make them stand there. And they would be questioned. Then it would be said: Bring out a group (out of them) for the Hell-Fire. And then it would be asked: How much? It would be said: Nine hundred and ninety-nine out of one thousand for the Hell-Fire and that would be the day which would make the children old because of its terror and that would be the day about which it has been said: {On the day when the shank would be uncovered}. (lxviii. 42)." (Muslim)

    Whosoever interpreted the terror by other than the swooning, for him it is a third blowing prior to the aforementioned two. This viewpoint is supported by the lengthy Hadith of the Horn, in which there are three   blowings: the blowing of Terror, the blowing of Swooning, and the blowing of the Raising before the Lord of the Worlds.

     

    Q 113: How is the manner of Gathering demonstrated in the Glorious Qur'an?

    A--- Numerous verses handled this, some of them are as follows: Allah the Almighty says: {And truly you have come unto Us alone (without wealth, companions or anything else) as We created you the first time}. (Al-An' am, 94)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And we shall gather them all together so as to leave no one of them behind}. (Al-Kahf, 47)

    Allah the Almighty says: {The Day We shall gather the Muttaqun (the pious and righteous persons) unto the Most Gracious (Allah), like a delegation (presented before a king for honor). And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a thirsty herd driven down to water)}. (Maryam, 85, 86)

    Allah the Almighty says{And you (all) will be in three groups. So those on the Right Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Records in their right hands) - how (fortunate) will be those on the Right Hand! (As a respect for them, because they will enter Paradise). And those on the Left Hand (i.e. those who will be given their Record in their left hands) -how (unfortunate) will be those on the Left Hand! (As a disgrace for them, because they will enter Hell). And those foremost [(in Islamic Faith of Monotheism and in performing righteous deeds) in the life of this world on the very first call for to embrace Islam] will be foremost (in Paradise)}. (Al-Waqi'ah,7-10)

    Allah the Almighty says: {On that Day mankind will follow strictly (the voice oft Allah's caller, no crookedness (that is without going to the right or left of that voice) will they show him (Allah's caller). And all voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious (Allah), and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their footsteps}. (Ta-Ha, 108)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And he whom Allah guides, he is led aright,' but he whom He sends astray, for such you will find no Auliya' (helpers and protectors), besides Him, and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf their abode will be Hell,' whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire}(Al-Isra', 97)

     

    Q 114: How is the manner of Gathering demonstrated in the Prophetic Sunnah?

    A--- Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: "The people will be assembled in three categories. Those desirous (of Paradise), fearing (Hell), coming two upon the camel, three upon the camel, four upon the camel, ten upon the camel and the rest will be assembled, Hell-Fire being with them when they are at midday where they would spend the night and where they would spend the morning and where they would spend the evening.”(Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated Anas Ibn Malik (May Allah be pleased with him): A man said: "O Allah's Prophet! Will Allah gather a disbeliever (prone) on his face on the Day of Resurrection?" He (Peace be upon him) said: "Will not the One Who made him walk on his feet in this world, be able to make him walk on his face on the Day of Resurrection?" (Qatadah, a sub-narrator, said: "Yes, by the Power of Our Lord!") (Bukhari and Muslim)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "You will be gathered (on the Day of Judgment), barefooted, naked and not circumcised." He then recited, {As We began the first creation, We, shall repeat it. A Promise We have undertaken. Truly we shall do it}. (21.104) He added, "The first to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Abraham, and some of my companions will be taken towards the left side (i.e. to the                   (Hell)        Fire), and I will say: 'My companions! My companions!’ It will be said: 'They renegade from Islam after you left them.’ Then I will say as the Pious slave of Allah (i.e. Jesus) said: {And I was a witness Over them while I dwelt amongst them. When You took me up You were the Watcher over them, And You are a witness to all things. If You punish them. They are Your slaves And if You forgive them, verily you, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise}." (Al-Mai'dah, 120,121) (Bukhari and Muslim)

    'A'ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported that she heard Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: The people would be assembled on the Day of Resurrection barefooted, naked and uncircumcised. I said: Allah's Messenger, will the male and the female be together on the Day and would they be looking at one another? Upon this Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: `A’ ishah! The matter would be too serious for them to look to one another.” (Sahih Muslim)

     

    Q 115: Cite some descriptions of how people would stand in the Day of Judgment from the Glorious Qur'an?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {Consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers) do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror. (They will be) hastening forward with necks outstretched, their heads raised up (towards the sky), their gaze returning not towards them and their hearts empty (from thinking because of extreme fear)}. (Ibrahim, 42, 43)

    Allah the Almighty says{The Day that Ar-Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel) or another angel] and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious (Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right}. (An-Naba', 38)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And warn them (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him» of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), who could be given heed to}. (Ghafir,18)

    Allah the Almighty says{The angels and the Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years}. (Al-Ma'arij,4)

       Allah the Almighty says: {We shall attend to you, 0 you two classes (jinn and men)!). (Ar-­Rahman, 31)

     

    Q 116: Cite some descriptions of how people would stand in the Day of Judgment from the Prophetic Sunnah?

       A--- There are many Hadiths pertaining to this, foremost among which are:

    On the authority of Ibn' Vmar (May Allah be pleased with them) that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) recited, {The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Lord of the" Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?). (AI-Mutaffifin,6) He said: "One of them stands in the midst of his sweat (and it covers him) to half of his ears." (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) says:"On the Day of Judgment, mankind sweat and their sweat goes deep into the earth for seventy cubits and it covers them till it reaches their ears.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

     

     

    Q 117: Cite some descriptions of the Display and Reckoning in the Day of Judgment from the Glorious Qur'an?

    A--- Almighty Allah says{That Day shall you be brought to Judgement, not a secret of you will be hidden}. (Al-Haqqah, 18)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And they will be set before your Lord in (lines as) rows, (and Allah will say): "Now indeed, you have come to Us as We created you the first time. Nay, but you thought that We had appointed no meeting for you (with is)")(Al-Kahf, 48)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And (remember) the Day when We shall gather out of every nation a troop of those who denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and (then) they (all) shall be set in array (gathered and driven to the place of reckoning). Till, when they come, (before their Lord at the place of reckoning), He will say: "Did you deny My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) Whereas you comprehended them not by knowledge (of their truth or falsehood), or what (else) was it that you used to do?" And the Word (of torment) will be fulfilled against them, because they have done wrong, and they will be unable to speak (in order to defend themselves)}. (An-Naml, 83-85)

    Allah the Almighty says: {That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the eight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it}(Az-Zalzalah, 6-8)

    Allah the Almighty says: {So, by your Lord, (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him) We shall certainly call all of them to account. For all that they used to do}. (Al-Hijr, 92, 93)

       Allah the Almighty says: {But stop them, verily they are to be questioned}. (As-Saffat, 24)

     

     

     

    Q 118: Cite some descriptions of the Display and Reckoning in the Day of Judgment from the Prophetic Sunnah?

       A--- There are many Hadiths pertaining to this, foremost among which are:

       Whenever' A'ishah (the wife of the Prophet (Peace be upon him» heard anything which she did not understand, she used to ask again till she understood it completely. `A'ishah said: "Once the Prophet said: "Whoever will be called to account (about his deeds on the Day of Resurrection) will surely be punished.” I said: "Doesn't Allah say: {He surely will receive an easy reckoning}." (Al-­Inshiqaq, 8) The Prophet (Peace be upon him) replied, "This means only the presentation and display of one's account but whoever will be argued about his account, will certainly be ruined." (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated Anas (May Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "Allah will say to that person of the (Hell) Fire who will receive the least punishment, 'If you had everything on the earth, would you give it as a ransom to free yourself (i.e. save yourself from this Fire)?' He will say, 'Yes.’ Then Allah will say, 'While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less than this, i.e. not to worship others besides Me, but you insisted on worshipping others besides me.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated' Adi Ibn Hatim (May Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "There will be none among you but his Lord will talk to him, and there will be no interpreter between him and Allah. He will look to his right and see nothing but his deeds which he has sent forward, and will look to his left and see nothing but his deeds which he has sent forward, and will look in front of him and see nothing but the (Hell) Fire facing him. So save yourself from the (Hell) Fire even with half a date (given in charity)." Al-A 'mash said: 'Amr Ibn Murrah said: Khaithamah narrated the same and added, ‘…even with a good word. '" (Bukhari and Muslim)

    Narrated Safwan Ibn Muhriz (May Allah be pleased with him): A man asked Ibn 'Umar, "What have you heard from Allah's Messenger regarding An-Najwa?" He said: "Everyone of you will come close to His Lord Who will screen him from the people and say to him, 'Did you do so-and-so?' He will reply, 'Yes.' Then Allah will say, 'Did you do so-and-so?' He !yill reply, 'Yes.' So Allah will question him and make him confess, and then Allah will say, 'I screened your sins in the world and forgive them for you today.’” (Bukhari and Muslim)

     

    Q 119: Cite some descriptions of the Spreading of the Records of deeds from the Glorious Qur'an?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {And We have fastened every man's deeds to his neck, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall bring out for him a book which he will find wide open. (It will be said to him): "Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day"}. (Al-­Isra', 13, 14)

       Allah the Almighty says: {And when the (written) pages [of deeds (good and bad) of every person]are laid open}. (At-Takwir, 10)

       Allah the Almighty says: {And the Book (one's Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allah, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah), and you all see the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners), fearful of that which is (recorded) herein. They will say: "Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!" And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice}. (Al-Kahf, 49)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand will say: "Here! Read my Record! Surely, I did believe that I shall meet my Account! So he shall be in a life, well-pleasing. In a lofty Paradise, the fruits in bunches whereof will be low and near at hand. Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past! But as for him who will be given his Record in his left hand, will say: I wish that I had not been given my Record! And that I had never known how my Account is! Would that it had been my end (death)! My wealth has not availed me,' my power has gone from me! (It will be said): Seize him and fetter him,' then throw him in the blazing Fire. Then fasten him with a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits! Verily, he used not to believe in Allah, the Most Great, and urged not on the feeding of Al-Miskin (the poor). So no friend has he here this Day, nor any food except filth from the washing of wounds. None will eat it except the Khati'un (sinners, disbelievers, polytheists)}. (Al-Haqqah, 19-37)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Then as for him who will be given his Record in his right hand}. (Al-­Inshiqaq,7)

    Allah the Almighty says: {But whosoever is given his Record behind his back}. (Al-Inshiqaq, 10)

    This indicates that whosoever is given his Record in his right hand, he takes it from his front. Whosoever is given it in his left hand, he takes it from behind his back. May Allah grant us refuge from this.

     

    Q 120: Cite some descriptions of the Spreading of the Records of deeds from the Prophetic Sunnah?

       A--- There are countless Hadiths regarding this, foremost among which are the following:

    Narrated Safwan Ibn Muhriz (May Allah be pleased with him): A man asked Ibn 'Umar, "What have you heard from Allah's Messenger regarding An-Najwa?" He said: "Everyone of you will come close to His Lord Who will screen him from the people and say to him, 'Did you do so-and-so?' He will reply, 'Yes.' Then Allah will say, 'Did you do

    so-and-so?' He will reply, 'Yes.' So Allah will question him and make him confess, and then Allah will say, 'I screened your sins in the world and forgive them for you today. ", (Sahih Bukhari)

    `A'ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated: "I said: Allah's Messenger! 'Will the lover remember his beloved on the Day of Judgment?' He (Peace be upon him) said: 'O `A'ishah! Not in three cases: At the Balance where it tilts or not; upon the flying of the Records of deeds, when receiving his record either in his right, or his left hand.’and when the flames of Fire get out.” (A Weak Hadith) quoted from a lengthy Hadith, transmitted by Imams Ahmed and Abu Dawud. There are so many other Hadiths regarding the same issue as well.

     

     

    Q 121: What is the Qur'anic textual proof that the Balance is a truth? How is it described?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We to take account}(Al-Anbiya', 47)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And the weighing on that day (Day of Resurrection) will be the true (weighing). So as for those whose scale (of good deeds) will be heavy, they will be the successful (by entering Paradise). And as for those whose scale will be light, they are those who will lose their own selves (by entering Hell) because they denied and

    rejected Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)}. (Al-A'raf, 8, 9)

       Allah the Almighty says: {So their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall assign no weight for them}. (Al-Kahf,105)

     

    Q 122: What is the Textual proof that the Balance is a truth from the Prophetic Sunnah? How is it described?

    A ---There are many Hadiths regarding this issue. Foremost among which is the Hadith of the two-testimonies (Shahadah) card and that it overweighs ninety-nine records of sins, each one is as long as the sight may reach.

       Another saying of Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) pertaining to Ibn Mas' ud (May Allah be pleased with him) as saying: "Do you wonder at the thinness of his legs! By Him in Whose Hand my life is! On the Balance, they are more heavy than Uhud (Mount).” (Imam Ahmed)

    He (Peace be upon him) says: "On the Day of Judgment, a fat man will be brought, and he will not weigh what equals a wing of a mosquito in the Sight of Allah." He (Peace be upon him) says: "Read, {And on the Day of Resurrection, We shall assign to weight for them}. (Al-Kahf, 105)" (Bukhari and Muslim)

     

    Q 123: What is the textual proof from the Glorious Qur'an that the Straight Path exists?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell): this is with your Lord,' a Decree which must be accomplished. Then We shall save those who used to fear Allah and were dutiful to Him, and We shall leave the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell)}. (Maryam, 71, 72)

    Allah the Almighty says: {On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women: their light running forward before them and by their right hands}. (Al-Hadid, 12)

     

    Q 124: What is the textual proof from the Prophetic Sunnah that the Straight Path exists?

       A--- There are many Hadiths regarding this. Foremost among which are:

       Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) said in a lengthy Hadith, "Then a bridge will be laid across Hell (Fire). I and my followers will be the first ones to go across it and none will speak on that Day except the Messengers. And the invocation of the Messengers on that Day will be, 'O Allah, save! Save!' In Hell (or over the Bridge) there will be hooks like the thorns of As-Sa' dan (thorny plant).Have you seen As-Sa 'dan?" They replied, "Yes, Allah's Messenger!" He said: "So those hooks look like the thorns of As-Sa' dan, but none knows how big they are except Allah. Those hooks will snap the people away according to their deeds. Some of the people will stay in Hell (be destroyed) because of their (evil) deeds, and some will be cut or torn by the hooks (and fall into Hell) and some and then relieved. When Allah has finished His Judgments among the people, He will take whomever He will out of Hell through His Mercy. He will then order the angels to take out of the Fire all those who used to worship none but Allah from among those whom Allah wanted to be merciful to and those who testified (in the world) that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah. The angels will recognize them in the Fire by the marks of prostration (on their foreheads), for the Fire will eat up all the human body except the mark caused by prostration as Allah has forbidden the Fire to eat the mark of prostration. They will come out of the (Hell) Fire, completely burnt and then the water of life will be poured over them and they will grow under it as does a seed that comes in the mud of the torrent." (Bukhari and Muslim)

       Abu Sa' id AI-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I have come to know that the Bridge (the Straight Path) is thinner than a hair and sharper than the sword.

     

    Q 125: What is the Qur'anic textual proof that being judged rightfully (Just Retaliation) is a fact of the Last Day?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: {Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward}. (An-Nisa', 40)

       Allah the Almighty says: {This Day shall every person be recompensed for what he earned. This Day no injustice (shall be done to anybody). Truly Allah is Swift in reckoning. And warn them (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), who could be given heed to. Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal. And Allah judges with truth, while those to whom they invoke besides Him, cannot judge anything. Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}. (Ghafir, 17-20)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And it will be judged between them with truth, and they will not be wronged}. (Az-Zumar, 69)

     

    [1] It is a clear fact that more than l400 years have elapsed and not a single word of this Qur'an has been changed, although the disbelievers tried their utmost to change it in every way, but they failed miserably in their efforts. As it is mentioned in this holy verse: "We will guard it." By Allah! He has guarded it. On the contrary, all the other holy Books [the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel).] have been corrupted in the form of additions or subtractions or alterations in the original text. (Quoted by translator)

    [2] Narrated Ibn`Vmar (May Allah be pleased with them): The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: "The keys of the unseen are five and none knows them but Allah: (1) None knows what is in the womb, but Allah: (2) None knows what will happen tomorrow, but Allah; (3) None knows when it will rain, but Allah; (4) None knows where he will die, but Allah (knows that); (5) and none knows when the Hour will be established, but Allah." (Sahih A1-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Hadith No. 479) (Translator)

     

    [3] Hudhaifa Ibn Usaid Ghifari (Peace be upon him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to us all of a sudden as we were (busy in a discussion). He said: What do you discuss about? They (the companions) said. We are discussing about the Last Hour.Thereupon he said: It will not cone until you see ten signs before and (in this connection) he made a mention of the smoke, Dajjal, the beast, the rising of the sun from the west, the descent of Jesus son of Mary (Allah be pleased with him), the Gog and Magog, and land­slidings in three places, one in the east, one in the west and one in Arabia at the end of which fire would burn forth from the Yemen, and would drive people to the place of their assembly. " A'ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: The (system) of night and day would not end until the people have taken to the worship of Lat and' Uzza. I said: Allah's Messenger, I think when Allah has revealed this verse: "He it is Who has sent His Messenger with right guidance, and true religion, so that He may cause it to prevail upon all religions, though the polytheists are averse (to it)" (ix. 33), it implies that (this promise) is going to be fulfilled. Thereupon he (Allah's Messenger) said: It would happen as Allah would like. Then Allah would send the sweet fragrant air by which everyone who has even a mustard grain of faith in Him would die and those only would survive who would have no goodness in them. And they would revert to the religion of their forefathers."

    [4] i.e. immediately after their death (in their graves) when they are going to be asked by the angels Munkar and Nakir. (Translator)

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