The 200 FAQ On Muslim Belief

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  • The 200 FAQ On Muslim Belief

  • Q 26: What is the textual proof from the Glorious Qur'an and the Prophetic Sunnah that love for

    Allah and His Prophet is a precondition for faith in the Almighty?

    A--- Allah the Almighty says: (O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him}. (Al-Ma'idah, 54)

    Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) says: "Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of Faith: (a) The one to whom Allah and His Messenger becomes dearer than anything else. (b) Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's Sake. (c) Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire ". (Bukhari and Muslim)


    Q 27: What is the textual proof that one should make friends and declare enmity only for Allah's Sake?

       A--- Allah, Most High says{O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya' (friends, protectors, helpers), they are but Auliya' of each other. And if any amongst you takes them (as Auliya'), then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). And you see those in whose hearts there is a disease (of hypocrisy), they hurry to their friendship, saying: "We fear lest some misfortune of a disaster may befall us." Perhaps Allah may bring a victory or a decision according to His Will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been keeping as a secret in themselves. And those who believe            will say: “Are these the men (hypocrites) who swore their strongest oaths by Allah that they were with you (Muslims)?" All that they did has been in vain (because of their hypocrisy), and they have become the losers. O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him,' humble towards the believers, stem towards the disbelievers fighting in the Way of Allah, and never fear of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower. Verily, your Wali (Protector or Helper) is none other than Allah, His Messenger, and the believers, -those who perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakah, and they are Raki'un (those who bow down or submit themselves with obedience to Allah in prayer)}. (Al-Ma'idah, 51-55)

    Allah says: {O you who believe! Take not as Auliya' (supporters and helpers) your fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief. And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zalimun (wrong-doers)}. (At-Taubah, 23)

    Allah says{ You (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), even though they were their fathers or their sons or their mothers or their kindred (people)}. (AlMujadilah, 22)

    Allah says: {O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth, and have driven out the Messenger and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allah your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in My Cause and to seek My Good Pleasure, (then take not these disbelievers and polytheists as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-A ware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray from the Straight Path}. (Al-Mumtahanah, 1)


    Q 28: What is the textual proof of the testimony that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?

    A ---Allah the Almighty says: {Indeed Allah conferred a great favor on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among themselves, recitingunto them His verses (the Qur'an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur'an) and Al-­Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship)], while before that they had been in manifest error}. (Al' Imran, 164)

    Allah says: {Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him» from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well). It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He is anxious over you;[1] for the believers (he (Peace be upon him» full of pity, kind, and merciful}. (At- Taubah, 128)

    Allah says: {When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him), they say: "We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah." Allah knows             that you are indeed His Messenger, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed}. (Al-Munafiqun, 1)


    Q 29: What is the meaning of testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?

    A ---It means: to have pure absolute belief in one's deepest heart together with the utterance of the tongue that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger to all creatures, men and jinn: {Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. And as one who invites to Allah by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light}. (Al-Ahzab, 45,46)

    So, one must believe in all what the Prophet narrated about ancient and forthcoming generations, and believe in all that he declared lawful or unlawful, show submission and obedience to all his ordainments and prohibitions, follow his Shari' ah and stick to his Sunnah (way of life), openly and when alone, with complete satisfaction and submission. One should know that to obey him (Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) is to obey Allah the Almighty and to disobey him, is to disobey Allah as well, as he is the Messenger sent by Him to convey Allah's Message. The Almighty only caused the Prophet's death after He (Allah) had perfected His religion (Islam) through him. Moreover, one should know that he (Peace be upon him) delivered the Message as perfectly as it should have been, and that he left his Ummah (community) with the clear message (of Islam); whosoever deviates from it is nothing but a loser. This topic will be dealt with later, Allah willing.


    Q 30: What are the conditions of testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? Could the first testimony (relating to Allah) be acceptable without this one?

    A--- We have mentioned earlier that one cannot be deemed a Muslim until he declares these two testimonies, and that they are inseparable. Thus, the conditions set for the first are deemed necessary for the second and vice versa.



    Q 31: What is the textual proof that Prayer and Zakah are compulsory?

    A--- Allah, the Almighty says: {But if they repent and perform Prayer, and give Zakah, then leave their way free}. (At-Taubah,5)

    Allah says: {But if they repent, perform Prayer and give Zakah, then they are your brethren in religion}. (At-Taubah, 11)

    Allah says{And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone, and perform Prayer and give Zakah}. (Al-Bayyinah, 5)


    Q 32: What is the textual proof that Sawm (Fasting) is obligatory?

    A--- Allah, the Almighty says{O you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (the Fasting)[2] Is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you). (Al-Baqarah, 183)

    Allah says{So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month}. (Al-Baqarah, 185)

    According to a Hadith, a Bedouin said to Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him): Tell me the Fast that Allah makes obligatory for me. He (Peace be upon him) said: "The month of Ramadan. The inquirer said: Am I obliged to fast anything else besides this? He (the Prophet (Peace be upon him)) said: No, except that which you observe out of your own free will". (Sahih Bukhari)


    Q 33: What is the textual proof that Pilgrimage (Hajj) is compulsory?

    A ---Allah, Most High says{And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)), the Hajj and 'Umrah for Allah}. (Al-Baqarah, 196)

    Allah says: {And Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) to the House (Ka` bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses (for one's conveyance, provision and residence)}. (Al' Imran, 97)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "O people, Allah has made Hajj obligatory for you, so perform Hajj ". (Sahih Bukhari)

    He (Peace be upon him) says: " (The superstructure of) Islam is raised on five (pillars): The Oneness of Allah, performance of Prayer, pay­ment of Zakah, fast of Ramadan, and Pilgrimage (to Mecca) ". (Sahih Bukhari)


    Q 34: What is the ruling pertaining to one who denies one of the aforementioned rites, or acknowledges them but neglects them out of arrogance and pride?

    A--- He should be killed as a disbeliever, who is not different from any of those beliers and arrogant ones such as Iblis (Satan) and Pharaoh.


    Q 35: What is the ruling pertaining to one who acknowledges them, but neglects them due to laziness or false interpretation?

    A--- As for Prayer, he who delays it after its proper time due to either or both reasons should be asked to repent to Allah. If he repents, he shouldn't be punished. But, if he does not repent, he should be killed; this is a prescribed penalty, for Allah says: {But if they repent and perform Prayer, and give Zakah, then leave their way free (i.e. don't punish them)}. (At-Taubah,5)

       Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "I have been commanded to fight against people until they testify that there is no god but Allah, and he who professes it is guaranteed the protection of his property and life on my behalf except for a right warrant, and his affairs rest with Allah ", (Bukhari and Muslim)

    As for Zakah, if the one who withholds it is not someone influential, the Imam (Muslim ruler) takes it from him by force, and makes an example of him by taking away some of his property. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "And he who withholds it, we will take it along with half of his property as well”, (Compiled by Ahmed, Abu Dawud and An­Nasa'i) But, if they were a strong and fierce group, the Imam (Muslim ruler) should fight against them till they pay it, according to the aforementioned Qur'anic verses and Hadiths. Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq and the other companions of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) took a similar action.

    As for Fasting, nothing has been related pertaining to it. But, the Imam (Muslim ruler) or his vicegerent should discipline defaulter and make an example of him. As for Hajj, it is compulsory throughout one's lifetime; only death nullifies this obligation. Thus, one should carry it out once he could afford it. Anyone who neglects performing the Pilgrimage will be punished in the hereafter for such neglect; however, there is no prescribed punishment in this world.


    Q 36: What is Iman (Faith)?

       A--- Faith must be expressed in words and deeds. The words must come from the heart and uttered orally, and this also goes for the deeds, which must also be done by the relating organs of the body. Faith increases when one obeys Allah, and decreases when he sins against Him. Strength of Faith varies from one person to another.


    Q 37: What is the textual proof that Faith must be expressed in words and deeds?

    A--- Allah, the Almighty says: {But Allah has endeared the Faith to you and has beautified it in your hearts}. (Al-Hujurat, 7)

    Allah says: {So believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (Peace be upon him))}. (Al-A'raf, 158)

       This is the meaning of the two testimonies without which one cannot be regarded a Muslim. Moreover, Faith must be felt in the heart and expressed by word of mouth; for it to be useful, the two must go together. Allah, the Almighty says: {And Allah would never make your 'Faith' to be lost}. (Al-Baqarah, 143) i.e. your 'Prayers' offered towards Jerusalem before the conversion of the Qiblah[3]Prayers are referred to as Faith because their performance involves the heart, words of mouth and limbs.

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) declared the following to be some of the proofs of one's Faith: Jihad, observing prayers during the Night of Qadr (Power)[4],fasting during the month of Ramadan, praying at night during this month, and performing the five compulsory Prayers properly. Moreover, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was once asked about the best of all deeds. He said: "To believe in Allah and His Messenger". (Bukhari and Muslim)


    Q 38: What is the textual proof that Faith increases and decreases?

    A--- Allah, the Almighty says: {that they may grow more in Faith along with their (present) Faith}. (Al-Fath, 4)

       Allah says: {...and We increased them in guidance}. (Al-Kahf, 13)

       Allah says: {And Allah increases in guidance those who walk aright}. (Maryam, 76)

    Allah says: {While as for those who accept guidance, He increases their guidance}. (Muhammad, 17)

       Allah says{..and that the believers may increase in Faith}. (Al-Muddaththir, 31)

       Allah says: {As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith}. (At-Tawbah, 124)

       Allah says{...therefore, fear them." But it (only) increased them in Faith}. (Al' Imran, 173)

    Allah says: {And it only added to their Faith and to their submissiveness (to Allah)}. (Al­-Ahzab, 22)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if your state of mind remains the same as it is in my presence and you are always busy in remembrance (of Allah), the Angels will shake hands with you in your beds and in your paths but, Hanzala, time should be devoted (to the worldly affairs) and time (should be devoted to prayer and meditation). He (the Holy Prophet) said this thrice ". (Sahih Muslim)


    Q 39: What is the textual proof that degrees of Faith vary from one person to another?

    A--- Allah, the Almighty says: {And those foremost [in the life of this world on the very first call for to embrace Islam] will be foremost (in Paradise). These will be the nearest (to Allah). In the Gardens of Delight. A multitude of those (foremost) will be from the first generations (who embraced Islam). And a few of those (foremost) will be from the later generations. (They will be) on thrones woven with gold and precious stones. Reclining thereon, face to face. Immortal boys will go around them (serving), with cups, and jugs, and a glass of flowing wine, wherefrom they will get neither any aching of the head, nor any intoxication. And with fruit that they may choose, and with the flesh of fowls that they desire. And (there will be) Hur (fair females) with wide, lovely eyes (as wives for the pious), like unto preserved pearls. A reward for what they used to do. No Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk) will they hear therein, not any sinful speech (like backbiting). But only the saying of: Salam! Salam! (greetings with peace)! And those on the Right Hand –how (fortunate) will be those on the Right Hand?}. (Al-Waqi' ah, 10-27)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Then, If he (the dying person) be of the Muqarrabun those brought near to Allah), (there is for him) rest and provision, and a Garden of Delights (Paradise). And if he (the dying person) be of those on the Right Hand, then there is safety and peace (from the Punishment of Allah) for those on the right Hand}.(Al-Waqi' ah, 88-91)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Then of them are some who wrong their own selves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah's Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Qur'an) that is indeed a great grace}. (Fatir, 32)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "Whoever said "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell ". (Bukhari and Muslim)

       He (Peace be upon him) says: "Allah the Almighty takes out of Hell he who has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a Dinar, then who has in heart good (faith) equal to the weight of half a Dinar ". (Sahih Muslim)


    Q 40: What is the textual proof that the word Iman "Faith" is used to mean every aspect of the religion (of Islam)?

    A--- The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said to the delegation of 'Abd Al-Qais: "I order you to believe in Allah Alone and asked them, 'Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?They replied, 'Allah and His Messenger know better.' Thereupon the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: 'It means: to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad is Allah's Messenger, to offer Prayers, to pay the Zakah (obligatory charity), to observe fast during the month of Ramadan, and to pay AI-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's Cause). (Bukhari and Muslim)


    Q 41: What is the textual proof that when Faith is considered in detail, it refers to the six articles?

    A--- It is the Prophet's (Peace be upon him) saying, when asked by Gabriel (Peace be upon him) about Faith: "That you affirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree, be it good or evil". (Sahih Muslim)


    Q 42: What is the textual proof of these articles of Faith from the Glorious Qur'an, mentioned together?


    A ---Allah the Almighty says{It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets}. (AI-Baqarah, 177)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Pre­ordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees -Al-Lauh Al­-Mahfuz)}. (AI-Qamar,49)

    The textual proof of each of them will be given later, Allah willing.


    Q 43: What does having faith in Allah Almighty mean?

    A--- It means to have pure and absolute belief in the Existence of Allah the Almighty Who has never been preceded or followed by anyone. The Ever ­First, the Eternal Old, prior to everything, but without a beginning. The Last, the Eternal survivor after the utter destruction of everything, but without an end. He is the Outward' there is nothing above Him. .The Inward (Hidden) Whom no one can conceive. He is the Ever-Living, the Sublime Self­Subsisting, the One, the Everlasting Refuge, He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none equal or comparable unto Him. His Oneness has

    three aspects: [Tawhid AI-Uluhiyyah] Oneness of the Worship of Allah, [Tawhid Ar-Rububiyyah] Oneness of the Lordship of Allah, and [Tawhid AI-AsmaJ was-Sifat] Oneness of the Names and Attributes of Allah.



    Q 44: What does Oneness of the Worship of Allah mean?

    A--- To believe that none has the right to be worshipped (e.g. praying, invoking, asking for help from the unseen, swearing, offering sacrifice, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.) but Allah the Almighty. Allah says in His Glorious Qur'an, {And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him}. (Al-Isra',23)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship)}(An-Nisa', 36)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As­Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance}. (Ta-Ha, 14)


    Q 45: What is the opposite of "Oneness of the Worship of Allah"?

    A--- The opposite is [Shrik] polytheism. There are two types of Shirk[5]namely: [Ash-Shirk Al­-Akbar] the Major Shirk, and [Ash-Shirk Al-Asghar] the Minor Shirk (polytheism).


    Q 46: What does Major Shirk mean?

    A--- It means associating partners with the Lord of the worlds, like loving someone in the way one loves Allah, fearing someone as if he is Allah, relying on him, invoking him, hoping from him, sinful loyalty to him, obeying him in what displeases Allah, etc. Allah, the Almighty says: {Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but He forgives whom He wills sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away}(An-Nisa', 116)

       Allah the Almighty says: {... and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin}. (An-Nisa', 48)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode}(Al-Ma'idah, 72)

       Allah the Almighty says: {..and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place}(Al-Hajj, 4)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "What is due to Allah from His creatures is to serve Him alone and never to associate any other being with Him. What is due them is not to punish any person who does not associate aught with Him.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

       There is no difference between those who declare their polytheism like the Pagans of Quraish and those who hide it, like the hypocrites who declare Islam and make their internal polytheism secret. Allah the Almighty says{Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire,. no helper will you find for them. Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allah, and purify their religion for Allah, then they will be with the believers}(An-Nisa', 145,146)


    Q 47: What is [As-Shirk Al-Asghar] Minor Shirk (polytheism)? ,

    A--- The Minor Shirk is Ar-Riya' (i.e. acts performed to show off). Any act of worship or any religious deed done in order to gain praise, fame or for worldly benefit, falls under this category. Almighty Allah says: {So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord}. (Al-Kahf, 110)

    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: "The most fearful thing I fear for you is Minor Shirk". He (Peace be upon him) was asked about it, and he said: "It is [Ar-Riya'] showing off". Then, he (Peace be upon him) explained it saying, "A man stands in prayer, performs it more beautifully and properly than ever, because he notices someone looking at him". (Imam Ahmed)

    Such polytheism includes taking oaths by people and things such as fathers, idols, honesty, etc, instead of Allah. Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "Do not take oaths in the name of your fathers, mothers, or those you set up as rivals with Allah". (Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i and Al-Baihaqi)

       He (Peace be upon him) also says: "Do not say 'By the Ka'bah', but say 'By the Lord of the Ka 'bah"'. (Imam Ahmed)

    He (Peace be upon him) says: "Do not take an oath in anyone other than Allah ". (An Authentic Hadith)

    He (Peace be upon him) says: "Whosoever takes an oath in the name of honesty is not from amongst us (i.e. a true believer) ". (Abu Dawud and Ahmed)

    He (Peace be upon him) says: "Whosoever takes an oath in the name of anyone other than Allah becomes a disbeliever or a polytheist ". And in another Narration, "he becomes a disbeliever and a polytheist". (Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ahmed)

       Also, it is forbidden to say: 'What Allah and you will'. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked someone who said this: "Do you make me an equal to Allah? Say, "What Allah Alone wills". (Ahmed and Bukhari)

    It is also forbidden to say the following expressions: Had it not been for Allah and you!, I have no one but Allah and you!, I begin in the name of Allah and your name! etc.

    Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "Do not say 'what Allah and so and so, willed', but say 'what Allah, then so and so, willed"'. (Abu Dawud and Ahmed)

    Scholars say: it is permissible to say, "Had it not been for Allah then so and so". But, "Had it not been for Allah and so and so", is not permissible to be said.


    Q 48: What is the difference between "and" and "then" in these expressions?

    A--- The conjunction "and" suggests comparison and equality. So, one who says: "What Allah and you willed", compares the Will of Allah and the will If the slave, and puts them on equal terms. Whereas, he conjunction "then" suggests subordination and following. So, one who says: "What Allah then you willed" , he declares that the will of the slave is subordinate to and follow the Will of Allah Almighty. Almighty Allah says in His Glorious Qur'an, {But you cannot will, unless Allah wills}. Al-Insan, 30)

    And so are the rest of the aforementioned expressions!


    Q 49: What does "Oneness of the Lordship of Allah" mean?

    A ---It means to believe in that there is only one Lord for the universe, He is its Creator, Organizer, Planner, Sustainer, and the Giver of security, etc., and that is Allah. He is Allah, Who has neither a partner in (His) Dominion, nor He is low to have a protector or supporter. No one can defy His Judgment or challenge His Ordainments. Almighty Allah says: {All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light; yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord}. (Al-An' am, 1)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds}(Al-Fatihah, 1)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Say (O Muhammad): "Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say: "(It is) Allah." Say: "Have you then taken (for worship) Auliya' (protectors) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to light? Or do they assign to Allah partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creation (which they   made and His         creation) seemed alike to them?" Say: "Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Irresistible}. (Ar-Ra'd, 16)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is there any of your (so-called) partners (of Allah) that do anything of that? Glory is to Him! And Exalted is He above all that (evil) they associate (with Him)}(Ar-Rum, 40)

       Allah the Almighty says: {This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship besides Him have created}. (Luqman, 11)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Were they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm Belief}. (At-Tur, 35, 36)

       Allah the Almighty says: {Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship. Do you know of any who is similar to Him?}1. (Maryam, 65)

    Allah the Almighty says: (There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}. (Ash-Shura, 11)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And say: "All the praises and thanks are to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (or offspring), and Who has no partner in (His) Dominion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector or supporter). And magnify Him with all magnificence, [Allahu-Akbar (Allah is the Most Great)]}(Al-Isra', 111)

    Allah the Almighty says{Say: (O Muhammad to polytheists, pagans) "Call upon those whom you assert (to be associate gods) besides Allah, they possess not even an atom's weight either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor there is for Him any supporter from among them. Intercession with Him profits not except for him whom He permits. So much so that when fear is banished from their (angels') hearts, they (angels) say: "What is it that your Lord has said?" They say: "The truth. And He is the Most High, the Most Great}. (Saba', 22, 23)


    Q 50: What is the opposite of "Oneness of the Lordship of Allah"?

    A--- The opposite is to worship others besides Allah. This implies attributing divine qualities to anyone else. It particularly implies associating partners in worship with Allah or believing that the source of power, harm or blessing is from others besides Allah. Almighty Allah says: {Whatever of mercy (i.e. of good), Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it; and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. 0 Mankind! Remember the Grace of Allah upon you! Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the sky (rain) and the earth? La ilaha ilIa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you turning away (from Him)?}. (Fatir, 2, 3)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He, and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favor which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills}. (Yunus, 107)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Say: "Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah - if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm? Or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?" Say "Sufficient for me is Allah,. in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust}. (Az-Zurnar, 38)

    Allah the Almighty says: {And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He}. (Al-An 'am, 59)

    Allah the Almighty says: {Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (Unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected}. (An-Naml, 65)

       Allah the Almighty says: (And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills}. (Al-Baqarah, 255)

       Allah's Messenger (Peace be upon him) says: "Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: Glory is His lower garment and Majesty is His cloak and (Allah says:) He who contends with Me in regard to them I shall torment him ". (Bukhari and Muslim)


    [1] To be rightly guided, to repent to Allah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire. (Translator)


    [2] As-Sawm means Fasting i.e. not to eat or drink or have sexual relations etc. from the Adhan of the Fair (early morning) prayer till the sunset. (Translator)

    [3] The direction towards all Muslims face in Prayers and that direction is towards the Ka' bah in Mecca (Saudi Arabia).

    [4] One of the odd last ten nights of the month of Ramadan, Allah describes it as better than one thousand months, and the one who worships Allah during it by performing optional prayers and reciting the Glorious Qur'an, etc. will get a reward better than that of worshipping Him for one thousand months (i.e. 83 years and four month). (Translator)

    [5] There is a third type of Shirk, namely: [Ash-Shirk AI-Khafi] i.e. Inconspicuous Shirk. This type implies being inwardly dissatisfied with the inevitable condition that has been ordained for one by Allah; conscientiously lamenting that had you done or not done such and such or had you approached such and such you would have had a better status, etc. (Translator)

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