Kitab At-Tauhid (The Oneness of Allah)


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  • Kitab At-Tauhid (The Oneness of Allah)


  • CHAPTER No: 17

    The Intercession

     

    Allah the Almighty said:

     

    "And warn therewith those who fear that they will be gathered before their Lord, when there will neither be a protector nor an intercessor for them besides Him, so that they may fear Allah and keep their duty to Him."

    (6:51)

    Allah the Almighty said:

     

    "Say: To Allah belongs all intercession."

    (39:44)

    Allah the Almighty said:

     

    "Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission..."

    (2:255)

    He said:

     

    "And there are many angels in the heavens whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases."

     (53:26)

    He said:

     

    "Say: Call upon those whom you assert (to be associate gods) besides Allah, they possess not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant), either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor there is for Him any supporter from among them. Intercession with Him profits not, except for him whom He permits..."

    (34:22,23)

    Abul-Abbas[1] said that Allah has equally negated all that the Mushrikin have attached (to their false gods). For He has negated that anyone has any dominion or any share of it besides Him, or

    that there is any assistant to Allah, And that there is nothing to remain except intercession. It is clear that there will be no benefit to anyone except for who has been granted permission by the Lord as He stated:

     

    "They will not be able to intercede except for him with whom He is pleased"

    (21 :28)

    And for this reason the intercession that the Mushrikin believe in is rejected on the Day of Resurrection, as it is rejected by the Qur'an and as the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) informed us:

     

    He will come and prostrate to his Lord and praise Him, and he will not begin with intercession at first. It will be said afterwards: "Raise your head, speak and it will be heard, ask and you will be given, intercede and intercession will be granted."

     

    Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) asked the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) :

     

    "Who will be the happiest of people with your intercession?" He (the Prophet P.B.U.H) said, "Whoever said La ilaha illa Allah sincerely with pure intention from his heart."

    So this intercession is for those people with pure intent, if Allah so wills, and it will not be for those who commit Shirk.

    The essence of the matter is that it is Allah, Who is above all imperfections, Who favours the people sincere in their worship and forgives them through the medium of the invocation of whoever He has given permission to intercede as an honour to him and to confer upon him the Highest Place (Al-Maqam-al-Mahmud).

    The intercession which is rejected and denied in the Qur'an is that which involves Shirk, and this is why intercession is confirmed and affirmed by the permission of Allah in many places. The Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) made it clear that this intercession will not be for other than the people of Tauhid (Islamic Monotheism) and Ikhlas (sincerity in the religion of Islam).

     

    Important issues of the Chapter

     

    1) Explanation of the verses mentioned.

    2) Description of rejected intercession.

    3) Description of affirmed intercession.

    4) The "Greatest Intercession" being the "Highest Place" (of the Prophet May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him).

    5) A description of what the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) will do (on the Day of Judgement) and that he will not begin by making intercession, rather he will prostrate and when he is given permission he will intercede.

    6) Who would be the happiest of people with the intercession of the Prophet (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him).

    7) Intercession will not at all be for whoever committed Shirk.

    8) Clarification of the real state of intercession.

     

     

    [1] Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taimiyah, Ahmad bin Abdul-Haleem bin Abdus-Salam -see Fath-ul-Majeed, page 168.

     

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